Mikhail Golant

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Mikhail Borisovich Golant
Born (1923-02-03)3 February 1923
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Died 7 February 2001(2001-02-07) (aged 78)
Moscow, Russian Federation
Nationality Soviet, Russian
Fields Engineering
Institutions NPO Istok
Alma mater Moscow Energy Institute (1951)
Known for Design of backward-wave tubes (BWTs)
Notable awards

Mikhail Borisovich Golant (Russian: Михаи́л Бори́сович Го́лант; 3 February 1923 – 7 February 2001) was a Soviet and Russian scientist and engineer. Best known as a leader of Soviet design of backward-wave tubes, he was awarded the Lenin Prize, the USSR State Prize, and the State Prize of the Russian Federation. He worked with Nikolay Devyatkov on the application of EHF therapy.[1]


Mikhail Golant was born to well-educated parents in Moscow on 3 February 1923. His father, Boris Golant, was a food chemist; his mother was a doctor of medicine. Each of his siblings and cousins also went on to earn advanced scientific degrees.[2]

Mikhail Golant began to attend the Moscow Energy Institute (MEI) in 1940. His studies were interrupted by the military draft following the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, when Golant was eighteen. He took part in the Red Army's campaigns against both Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan as a sapper from 1941 to 1945 and was wounded on three occasions.[2]

Golant returned to the Moscow Energy Institute following his demobilization in April 1946 and graduated with distinction in 1951.[2]

Golant's research teams developed a novel approach to designing backward-wave tubes in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Though superseded by advances in semiconductors, Golant's designs made possible a variety of experiments and investigations using millimeter and submillimeter wave ranges.[3]

In an obituary summarizing the highlights of Golant's career, the Nobel Prize winner Alexander Prokhorov and E. M. Dianov, Academicians of the Russian Academy of Sciences, wrote:

He died on 7 February 2001.[3]

Honors and awards[edit]

An EHF therapy device developed on the basis of research by Golant and others in the 1980s.




  1. ^ Devyatkov ND, Golant MB, Betsky OV. Brief information for physicians about the physical characteristics of the processes occurring in the body under MM-wave therapy performed by installations "Jav-1", and the associated effects on the body of electromagnetic millimeter waves. (in Russian)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Alexeyenko, A., V. Myakinkov, A. Balyko, et. al (11 February 2011). "Vse sily - sluzheniyu nauke". Klyuch. Retrieved 6 November 2011. (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b c d e Prokhorov, A. M. & E. M. Dianov (2001). "In Memory of Mikhail B. Golant". Technical Physics Volume 46, Number 8, 1068, doi:10.1134/1.1395134. SpringerLink. Retrieved 6 November 2011.

External links[edit]