Mikhail Goldstein

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Mikhail Emmanuilovich Goldstein (Russian: Михаил Эммануилович Гольдштейн, also transcribed as Michael Emmanuilowitsch Goldstein, Hebrew: מיכאל גולדשטיין‎; pen name: Mikhailo Mykhailovsky; 8 November [O.S. 26 October] 1917 – 7 September 1989), was an Israeli composer, violinist and violin teacher of German-Russian-Jewish origin, brother of prominent violinist Boris Goldstein. His great uncle was the physicist Eugen Goldstein.

Biography[edit]

Goldstein was born in Odessa in 1917, the son of Emanuel Goldstein (born 1884) from Leipzig, Germany, who moved to Odessa in 1910 to become a professor for mathematics in Odessa. The Goldstein family became naturalized Soviet citizens in 1918. Michael Goldstein started studying the violin at age four at the School of Stolyarsky in Odessa with Pyotr Stolyarsky who was also the teacher of David Oistrach and Nathan Milstein. Through Stolyarsky, his violin "ancestors" include Leopold Auer, Joseph Joachim, and Niccolo Paganini.

He was the author of the celebrated musical hoax "Ovsianiko-Kulikovsky's Symphony No. 21" as well as several others, notably "Expromt" by Balakirev", "Albumblatt" (Листок из Альбома) by Glazunov"' the "Viola Concerto in C Major" by Ivan Khandoshkin, etc. He concentrated on composition after his career as a violinist was curtailed by a hand injury.

On New Year's Eve 1942, Goldstein was at an open air party held by the Soviet commissars to honor visiting artists, musicians, and actors during a lull in the Battle of Stalingrad. Horrified by the utter destruction all around, he played his violin over the loudspeakers, playing even German music, though it had been banned by the Soviets and all went quiet. After he had finished, the German lines shouted for a ceasefire so he could play more Bach. Goldstein obliged.

He was a winner of three prizes at the 1963 All-Union Composers' Competition (compositions for violin and cello). Apparently he submitted his entries under pseudonyms.[1] After this incident his political difficulties increased. He took a teaching position in East Berlin in 1964. He moved to Vienna and Jerusalem in 1967, moved to London in 1968, and finally to Hamburg, Germany in 1969.
He gave concerts with Galina Kowal and Michael Minsky.

His musical and teaching activities were recognized in Germany with the Bundesverdienstkreuz medal. He was a professor at the Musikhochschule Hamburg from 1969. His teaching assistant was Erdmute Knolle.

Among his students is Angelika Bachmann from the group Salut Salon.

His daughter Lidia Goldstein is also a violinist and teaches at the music school of Quickborn, Germany.

He died in Hamburg in 1989, aged 71.

Diskography[edit]

  • Michael Goldstein: Ukrainische Rhapsodie für Klavier und Orchester (unter dem Pseudonym Michajlo Michajlovsky). Aufnahme des NDR mit Galina Kowal, Klavier, und dem Rundfunkorchester Hannover des NDR unter Richard Müller-Lampertz
  • Johann Sebastian Bach: Partiten für Violine solo. Michael Goldstein, Violine.
  • Johann Sebastian Bach: Sonaten für Violine solo. Michael Goldstein, Violine.
  • Bekannte und unbekannte Werke von Bach. Michael Goldstein (Violine) und Heinz Wunderlich (Orgel).
  • Russischer Geiger und Virtuose Michael Goldstein spielt Sonaten und Präludien von J. S. Bach auf einer Weidler-Geige ganz aus Ahornholz

Works[edit]

  • Michael Goldstein: Peter Stoljarskij. Der Violin-Pädagoge und seine Fabrik der Talente in Odessa. Aus dem Nachlass herausgegeben von François Maher Presley, in-Cultura.com, Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-930727-34-6.
  • Michael Goldstein: Michail Ignátieff und die Balalaika – Die Balalaika als solistisches Konzertinstrument. Zimmermann, Frankfurt am Main 1978, ISBN 3-921729-01-7.
  • Michael Goldstein: 20 kleine Präludien für Viola. Möseler, Wolfenbüttel, 1982.
  • Michael Goldstein: Michael Goldsteins Methode im ersten Violinunterricht (Michael Goldstein's violin school in 2 volumes). J. Schuberth & Co., Hamburg 1978.
  • Michael Goldstein: Kinder musizieren (Children make music) for violin and piano. J. Schuberth & Co, Hamburg 1982.
  • Alexander Glasunow: Albumblatt for violine and piano. M. P. Belaieff, Frankfurt/M. Herausgegeben von Michael Goldstein. (In fact, Goldstein is the composer.)
  • Michael Goldstein: Gavotte über B-A-C-H for solo violin.
  • Joseph Reicha: Konzert Es-dur Op 2/1 für Viola. Verlag Anton J. Benjamin. Bearbeitet von Michael Goldstein. (In fact, Goldstein is the composer.)
  • Giuseppe Tartini: Sonate in E. Heinrichshofen Verlag. Herausgegeben von Michael Goldstein. (In fact, Goldstein is the composer.)
  • Michael Goldstein: Puppentanz for solo violin.
  • Mykola Ovsianiko-Kulikovsky: Symphonie No. 21. (In fact, Goldstein is the composer.)
  • Mily Balakirev: Expromt for violin and piano. (In fact, Goldstein is the composer.)
  • Ivan Khandoshkin: Viola Concerto in C Major. (In fact, Goldstein is the composer.)
  • Michael Goldstein: Zwölf kleine Präludien in der ersten Lage, Edition Peters, Leipzig 1964.
  • Michael Goldstein: Zwölf kleine Präludien für zwei Violinen (erste Lage), Edition Peters, Leipzig 1964.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Советская Культура" 1/12/1963
  • Сорокер, Я. Євреї в музиці України - Сучасність, 2 (286) (лютий, 1995) 54-65.
  • Гольдштейн М. Записки музыканта. Франкфурт-на-Майне, 1970
  • Полищук, Ян. Гений или злодей. "Литературная газета" 5 января 1959 г.
  • Музыкальная подделка. В кн.: Энциклопедический музыкальный словарь. Изд. Москва, 1966 г., Стр. 331.

External links[edit]