Mikhail Gromov (military)
|Mikhail Gromov |
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov, 1934
|Full name||Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov|
23 February 1899|
Tver, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire
22 January 1985 (aged 85)|
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery|
|Monuments||Zhukovsky, Russia at the headquarters of the Gromov Flight Research Institute|
Establishing a new non-stop flight distance record|
of 12411 kilometers (6,306 mi) from Moscow
to San Jacinto, California, U.S
Imperial Russian Army→|
Soviet Air Forces
|Rank||Colonel general (1944)|
Hero of the Soviet Union|
Order of Lenin
Upon graduation from the Moscow Central Aviation School in 1918 serves as a flight instructor and military pilot. Since 1925 started working as a test pilot testing the aeroplanes designed by Andrei Tupolev and Nikolai Polikarpov. Later became chief-pilot of the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute. On 25 April 1927 made the first Soviet parachute jump out of a Polikarpov I-1 under testing that had entered an unrecoverable spin.
In June-September 1925 flew the Polikarpov R-1 in the long-haul group flight of nine aeroplanes on the route Moscow-Beijing-Tokyo. On 30 August 1926 started and completed in 3 days a 7,150 kilometers (4,440 mi) European promotional flight in a Tupolev ANT-3 on the route Moscow-Königsberg-Berlin-Paris-Rome-Vienna-Prague-Warsaw-Moscow.
On 12–14 July 1937 together with A. B. Yumashev and S. A. Danilin established a new non-stop flight distance record of 10,148 kilometers (6,306 mi) from Moscow to San Jacinto, US, via the North Pole in a Tupolev ANT-25.
Became the first director of the Flight Research Institute, a flight research and testing centre in Zhukovsky. The name of M. M. Gromov was awarded to the institute in 1991 to celebrate 50th anniversary of the institute.
Monument in Rzhev, Russia
Mikhail Gromov memorial plate on the Gromov Flight Research Institute hangar 1
- "Громов Михаил Михайлович". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
- Громов, Михаил (1986). Через всю жизнь [Through the Whole Life] (in Russian). Москва: Молодая гвардия. p. 190.
- Gunston, Bill (1995). The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-85532-405-9., pp. 286-287.
- Gromov, M. M. (1939). Across the North pole to America. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House. p. 38.
- Знаменская, Наталья, ed. (2002). ШЛИ со временем [ShLI in Time] (in Russian) (2 ed.). Жуковский: ООО "Редакция газеты "Жуковские вести". p. 400.
- "Establishing the Gromov Medal". www.lii.ru (in Russian). Gromov Flight Research Institute. 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2017.