Mikhail Gromov (military)

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Mikhail Gromov
Михаи́л Гро́мов
Gromov Mihail Mihajlovich 1934.jpg
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov, 1934
Full name Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov
Born (1899-02-23)23 February 1899
Tver, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 22 January 1985(1985-01-22) (aged 85)
Resting place Novodevichy Cemetery
Monuments Zhukovsky, Russia at the headquarters of the Gromov Flight Research Institute
Nationality Russian
Aviation career
Known for Establishing a new non-stop flight distance record
of 12411 kilometers (6,306 mi) from Moscow
to San Jacinto, California, U.S
First flight 1917
Farman IV
Famous flights
Flight license 1918
Air force Imperial Russian Army
Soviet Air Forces
Rank Colonel general (1944)
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin

Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov (Russian: Михаи́л Миха́йлович Гро́мов; 23 February 1899 – 22 January 1985) a Russian and Soviet military aviator, test pilot and researcher, Hero of the Soviet Union.[1]


Upon graduation from the Moscow Central Aviation School in 1918 serves as a flight instructor and military pilot. Since 1925 started working as a test pilot testing the aeroplanes designed by Andrei Tupolev and Nikolai Polikarpov. Later became chief-pilot of the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute.[2] On 25 April 1927 made the first Soviet parachute jump out of a Polikarpov I-1 under testing that had entered an unrecoverable spin.[3]

In June-September 1925 flew the Polikarpov R-1 in the long-haul group flight of nine aeroplanes on the route Moscow-Beijing-Tokyo. On 30 August 1926 started and completed in 3 days a 7,150 kilometers (4,440 mi) European promotional flight in a Tupolev ANT-3 on the route Moscow-Königsberg-Berlin-Paris-Rome-Vienna-Prague-Warsaw-Moscow.

On 12–14 July 1937 together with A. B. Yumashev and S. A. Danilin established a new non-stop flight distance record of 10,148 kilometers (6,306 mi) from Moscow to San Jacinto, US, via the North Pole in a Tupolev ANT-25.[4]

Became the first director of the Flight Research Institute, a flight research and testing centre in Zhukovsky. The name of M. M. Gromov was awarded to the institute in 1991 to celebrate 50th anniversary of the institute.

In late 1940th initiated the establishment of the Fedotov Test Pilot School.[5]



In philately[edit]

In phaleristics[edit]

The Gromov Medal was established in March 2011 by the Gromov Flight Research Institute as a highest corporate award in memory of the founder of the institute. [6]


  1. ^ "Громов Михаил Михайлович". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2018-02-17. 
  2. ^ Громов, Михаил (1986). Через всю жизнь [Through the Whole Life] (in Russian). Москва: Молодая гвардия. p. 190. 
  3. ^ Gunston, Bill (1995). The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-85532-405-9. , pp. 286-287.
  4. ^ Gromov, M. M. (1939). Across the North pole to America. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House. p. 38. 
  5. ^ Знаменская, Наталья, ed. (2002). ШЛИ со временем [ShLI in Time] (in Russian) (2 ed.). Жуковский: ООО "Редакция газеты "Жуковские вести". p. 400. 
  6. ^ "Establishing the Gromov Medal". www.lii.ru (in Russian). Gromov Flight Research Institute. 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 

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