Mikhail Nikolayev

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Mikhail Nikolayev
1st President of Sakha (Yakutia)
In office
20 December 1991 – 21 January 2002
Vice PresidentVyacheslav Shtyrov (1991–97)
Spartak Borisov (1997–2002)
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byVyacheslav Shtyrov
Personal details
Born (1937-11-13) 13 November 1937 (age 84)
Oktyomtsy, Ordzhonikidze District, Yakut ASSR, RSFSR, USSR
Political partyCPSU (before 1991)

Mikhail Yefimovich Nikolayev (Russian: Михаил Ефимович Николаев; born 1937) is the first president of the Sakha Republic, serving from 1991 to January 2002. He was succeeded by Vyacheslav Shtyrov. He graduated from the Omsk State Veterinary Institute in 1961.[1]


Mikhail Nikolaev was born on November 13, 1937 in Oktyomtsy of the Ordzhonikidze district (modern Khangalassky District) of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. His parents were Yefim Fyodorovich Nikolayev and Maria Mikhaylovna Nikolayeva (maiden name — Kozlova).

He began his career in 1961 after graduating from Omsk State Veterinary Institute as a veterinarian in the Zhigansky district. Then he switched to the Komsomol work: first secretary of Zhigansky district Komsomol committee, head of the department of the Komsomol authority of the Yakutsk regional Komsomol committee, first secretary of the Yakutsk city committee of the Komsomol.

Member of the CPSU from 1963 until its ban in August 1991.

From 1969 to 1971 he studied at the Higher Party School at the Central Committee of the CPSU.

From 1975 to 1979 - Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of YASSR.

From 1979 to 1985 - Minister of Agriculture of the Republic. This was the period when the republic came to the forefront in the Russian Federation in the production of agricultural products, and new and bold endeavours were undertaken in the meadow, seed production and other areas.

From 1985 to 1989 - Secretary of the Yakut Regional Committee of the CPSU, oversaw the issues of the agro-industrial complex.

Nikolayev (2nd from right) with Vladimir Putin during the latter's visit to the Sakha Republic

In December 1989, he was elected Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the YASSR.

In April 1990 he was elected Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic. Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic IX – XI convocations and people's deputy of Yakutia of the XII convocation.

December 20, 1991, was elected the first President of Yakutia, receiving 76.7% of the vote. On January 16, 1992, M.E. Nikolayev simultaneously headed the government of the republic. On December 27, 1991, the Yakut-Sakha Soviet Socialist Republic was renamed the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

In 1996, re-elected for a second term, gaining 58.96% of the vote.

Member of the Federation Council of the first and second convocations. On January 28, 2002, he was appointed representative in the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation from the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Elected Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council. In February 2007, the President of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), V.A. Shtyrov, re-appointed M.E. Nikolayev as a representative of the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) to the Council of Federation. Member of the Committee of the Council of the Federation on Social Policy, member of the Commission of the Council of the Federation to monitor the activities of the Council of Federation

In December 2011, he was elected to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the VI convocation from United Russia. Member of the State Duma Committee on Regional Policy and the Problems of the North and the Far East.

By decision of the Head of the Republic Egor Borisov dated October 31, Mikhail Nikolaev was appointed as a State Counselor of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in connection with the expiration of the powers of the deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.

He is also the head of a number of public organizations. President of the International Public Movement "Eastern Dimension", President of the National Public Committee "Russian Family".


Mikhail Nikolaev is married to Dora Nikitichna Nikolaeva (maiden name - Sukharinova). They have 3 children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren.



  1. ^ "Михаил Ефимович НИКОЛАЕВ", Члены Совета Федерации Федерального Собрания РФ, Government of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), archived from the original on 11 November 2007, retrieved 2010-02-18
  2. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 9 января 2008 года № 14
Preceded by
Office created
President of the Sakha Republic
Succeeded by