Mikhail Prokhorov 2012 presidential campaign

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mikhail Prokhorov 2012 presidential campaign
Prokhorov logo.png
Campaigned for2012 Russian presidential election
CandidateMikhail Prokhorov
businessman and former leader of Right Cause
AffiliationIndependent
Key peopleAnton Krasovsky (campaign manager)[1]
Prokhorov campaigning
A campaign supporter

The Mikhail Prokhorov 2012 presidential campaign was the 2012 campaign of businessman Mikhail Prokhorov for the Russian presidency.

Prokhorov campaigned as an independent politician.

Campaign[edit]

In December 2011, after the legislative elections, Prokhorov announced that he would contest the 2012 presidential election against Vladimir Putin as an independent.[2][3] He called it at the time "probably[4] the most important decision of my life".[2] According to Communist leader Gennady Zyuganov and opposition leader Boris Nemtsov, both believed the move as inspired by the Kremlin itself. According to Mr Nemtsov, Prokhrov's candidacy is an attempt, "to preserve Putin's regime".[5] He collected 2 million signatures needed to allow him to run for the presidency.[6]

In 4 March 2012 presidential polling, Prokhorov gained 7.94% of the vote.[7][8] According to a poll by VTSIOM only 8% of the Russian electorate was familiar with his candidacy.[7]

Mikhail Prokhorov conducted a tour around the country, meeting with his supporters in various cities. He was the only candidate to do so except for Putin, who visited Russia's regions as a part of his Prime Minister of Russia duties.[citation needed]

During his campaign, Prokhorov largely refrained from speaking negatively about his opponents.[9] Prokhorov stated that he would not base his campaign on criticism of Putin. "Criticism must make up no more than 10% ... I would like to focus on the things I would do," he said.[10]

Officially, Phrokhorov was the second best-funded campaign of the election, with a campaign fund of 400 million rubles (only 11 million rubles shy of Putin), of which he spent more than 319 million.[11]

Campaign promises and views[edit]

Prokhorov positioned himself as a liberal reformist.[12]

While running for president in 2012, he made a number of promises if he was to be elected. For domestic policy, Prokhorov promised to build more roads and railroad tracks, and increase the Russian standard of living to the point of it being higher than in the United States.[13]

As for foreign policy, his view was that Russia should create a closer partnership for trade with the European Union and a closer partnership with the Central Asian zone.[13] He sought greater integration with Europe.[1] Undesirable countries in his opinion are the "non-democratic" or human-rights- abusing regimes, of which he named Iran and Syria as the primary ones.[13]

If elected, Prokhorov promised to reinstate elections for Russia's governorships.[14]

Prokhorov promised to pardon Mikhail Khodorkovsky.[9][14]

Prokhorov promised to reverse the recent constitutional amendment that had lengthened presidential terms from four years to six.[14]

Prokhorov stated that it was his belief that the Prime Minister and parliament needed to be a strong counterweight to the presidency.[9] He stated that he would select Alexei Kudrin to serve as his prime minister.[14]

Prokhorov promised to dismantle state control of the media and prohibit all forms of censorship and state control of major television and radio stations.[14] This included selling-off state owned television assets.[9]

Prokhorov would require the government's top 200 officials to sell off their business assets.[9] Speaking of his own business interests he stated, “When I become president, I will sell all my assets and I will pay all the taxes, and I will give more than a half to charity.”[9]

Prokhorov promised to dismantle large energy monopolies, including dismantling Gazprom.[14] He also stated that he favored better relations with the European Union.[14]

He planned to, whether or not he won the presidency, lead a liberal free-market oriented party following the presidential election.[9] In June 2012 he became the leader of the Civic Platform Party.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Schuster, Simon (3 February 2012). "Is Putin's Fake Rival the Real Deal?". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b Morcroft, Greg, "NBA team owner Prokhorov to run against Putin", MarketWatch citing Bloomberg, 12 December 2011.
  3. ^ Loiko, Sergei L. (12 December 2011). "Russian tycoon Mikhail Prokhorov says he'll take on Vladimir Putin". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  4. ^ Barry, Ellen, and David M. Herszenhorn, "Billionaire and Ex-Minister to Oppose Putin in Russian Presidential Election" (limited no-charge access), The New York Times, December 12, 2011. The Times quote also said "serious" instead of "important", v. the MarketWatch quote of the same date. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  5. ^ "BBC News - Profile: Mikhail Prokhorov, Russian billionaire". BBC News. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  6. ^ Soldak, Katya. "Russian Billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov: From Oligarch To President?". Forbes. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  7. ^ a b Prokhorov still considered oligarch, not politician, Russia Today (23 March 2012)
  8. ^ Results of the presidential elections in Russia 2012, sobesednik.ru.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Englund, Will (3 February 2012). "Mikhail Prokhorov, a low-key billionaire, takes to Russian stump". Washington Post. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Russia billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov to challenge Putin". BBC News. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  11. ^ Путин лидирует по расходам на предвыборную кампанию, пишет РГ
  12. ^ Gutterman, Steve (6 March 2012). "Russian vote thrusts tycoon Prokhorov into spotlight". Reuters. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b c ПРОХОРОВ vs ЖИРИНОВСКИЙ и ПУГАЧЕВА / ДЕБАТЫ 28.02.12. YouTube. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "Prokhorov Says He's No 'Kremlin Stooge,' Lays Out Campaign Platform". www.rferl. RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. January 20, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  15. ^ "Вести.Ru: Прохоров объявил о создании новой партии". vesti.ru. Retrieved 22 March 2015.