Mikhailo Lomonosov (satellite)

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Mikhailo Lomonosov
Maquete satellite MVL-300 (Mikhailo Lomonosov) DSC 0071.JPG
Mission type Astronomy
Operator MSU
COSPAR ID 2016-026A
SATCAT no. 41464
Mission duration Planned: 3 years[1]
Spacecraft properties
Manufacturer VNIIEM
Launch mass 620 kg (1,370 lb)[1]
Payload mass 170 kg (370 lb)[1]
Power ~300 W[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 28 April 2016, 02:01 UTC
Rocket Soyuz-2.1a/Volga
Launch site Vostochny Site 1S
Contractor Roscosmos
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Sun-synchronous
Semi-major axis 6,856 kilometers (4,260 mi)[2]
Perigee 478.2 km (297.1 mi)[2]
Apogee 492.9 km (306.3 mi)[2]
Inclination 97.3 degrees[2]
Period 94.2 minutes[2]
Instruments

Mikhailo Lomonosov (or MVL-300) is an astronomical satellite of MSU named after Mikhail Lomonosov.[3]

Mission[edit]

The objective of the mission is the observation of gamma-ray bursts, high-energy cosmic rays and transient phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere.[3]

Launch[edit]

The mission launch was initially planned for 2011 when 300 years since the birthday of Mikhail Lomonosov was celebrated.[4] After several postponements the mission was finally launched on 28 April 2016 from Vostochny Cosmodrome by the Soyuz 2.1a launch vehicle.[5]

Scientific payload[edit]

The spacecraft is equipped with seven scientific instruments:[6][7]

  • Tracking Ultraviolet Set Up system (TUS) was designed to measure fluorescence light radiated by EAS (Extensive Air Showers) of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) in the Earth atmosphere as well as for transients’ studies within UV-range;
  • Block for X-ray and gamma-radiation detection (BDRG) is intended for detecting and monitoring gamma-ray bursts and for producing a trigger signal for ShOK cameras (see below);
  • UFFO consists of X-ray and 10 cm UV telescopes intended for studying gamma-ray bursts;
  • Optic cameras of super-wide field of vision (ShOK) is a pair of wide-field optical cameras, which main purpose is a prompt detection of the optical radiation of gamma-ray bursts after receiving trigger signals from BDRG;
  • Dosimeter of Electrons, PROtons and Neutrons (DEPRON) measures absorbed doses and spectra of electrons, protons, neutrons and heavy nuclei;
  • Electron Loss and Fields Investigator for Lomonosov (ELFIN-L) comprises the Energetic Particle Detector for Electrons (EPDE), Energetic Proton Detector for Ions (EPDI) and Flux Gate Magnetometer (FGM). Its main purposes is to study energetic particles in the Earth magnetosphere;
  • IMISS-1 is a device intended to test microelectromechanical inertial modules;

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Космический аппарат "Ломоносов"" (in Russian). Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e "MVL 300 Satellite details 2016-026A NORAD 41464". N2YO. 4 May 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Soyuz prepared for first flight from Siberian cosmodrome". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Садовничий: спутник «Михайло Ломоносов» будет запущен в 2011 году". Ria Novosti (in Russian). 26 January 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Первый пуск с Восточного прошёл успешно!" (in Russian). Roscosmos. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  6. ^ "MVL-300 (Mikhailo Lomonosov)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Космический аппарат Ломомносов". VNIIEM. Retrieved 5 February 2017.

External links[edit]