Miklós Kozma

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Miklós Kozma
Minister of the Interior of Hungary
In office
4 March 1935 – 3 February 1937
Preceded by Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer
Succeeded by Kálmán Darányi
Regent's Commissioner of the Governorate of Subcarpathia
In office
12 September 1940 – 8 December 1941
Preceded by Zsigmond Perényi
Succeeded by Vilmos Pál Tomcsányi
Personal details
Born (1884-09-05)5 September 1884
Nagyvárad, Hungary
Died 8 December 1941(1941-12-08) (aged 57)
Ungvár, Hungary
Political party Party of National Unity, Party of Hungarian Life
Profession politician
The native form of this personal name is vitéz leveldi Kozma Miklós. This article uses Western name order when mentioning individuals.

Vitéz Miklós Kozma de Leveld (5 September 1884 – 8 December 1941) was a Hungarian politician, who served as Interior Minister between 1935 and 1937. He was also Minister of Defence for a short time in the cabinet of Gyula Gömbös. He attended the Ludovika Academy and fought in World War I. He was the supporter of Miklós Horthy from the begins (Counter-government of Szeged). He worked as head of the Magyar Távirati Iroda (MTI) from 1922 until his death. He didn't agree with the Prime Minister Kálmán Darányi's moderate policy, so he resigned the position of the Minister of the Interior.

After the ministership Kozma continued his radical politics, he wanted to attack Carpathian Ruthenia (Kárpátalja), which was part of Czechoslovakia yet, with the Rongyos Gárda, but the government talked him out of this plan. The Rongyos Gárda encountered with the Slovak army so, After they filtered through into the region. After the occupation Miklós Kozma was appointed as governor of Kárpátalja. He played an important role in the starting of the first Jewish deportation in Hungary, beginning with non-Hungarian Jews, including those who had escaped from surrounding countries into Hungary. Many of these deportees were soon victims of the Kamianets-Podilskyi Massacre.


Political offices
Preceded by
Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer
Minister of the Interior
Succeeded by
Kálmán Darányi
Preceded by
Gyula Gömbös
Minister of Defence

Succeeded by
József Somkuthy
Preceded by
Zsigmond Perényi
Regent's Commissioner of Subcarpathia
Succeeded by
Vilmos Pál Tomcsányi