|Role||Multirole fighter, air superiority fighter|
|Primary users||Russian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
|Number built||3 known completed by June 2010|
|Developed from||Mikoyan MiG-29M|
The Mikoyan MiG-35 (Russian: Микоян МиГ-35, NATO reporting name: Fulcrum-F) is a Russian fighter aircraft that is a further development of the MiG-29M/M2 and MiG-29K/KUB fighters. It is classified as a 4++ generation jet fighter by Mikoyan. The first prototype was a modification of the aircraft that previously served as a MiG-29M2 model demonstrator. In 2009, ten prototypes had been built for field trials.
The MiG Corporation first officially presented the MiG-35 internationally during the Aero India 2007 air show. The MiG-35 was officially unveiled when the Russian Minister of Defence, Sergey Ivanov, visited the Lukhovitsky Machine Building Plant "MAPO-MIG". The single seat version is designated MiG-35 and the two-seat version is MiG-35D. The fighter has vastly improved avionics and weapon systems, notably the new AESA radar and the uniquely designed Optical Locator System (OLS), relieves the aircraft from relying on ground-controlled interception (GCI) systems and enables it to conduct independent multi-role missions.
Origins and Unveiling at Aero India
There were references in the late-1980s to a very different design also identified as "MiG-35". This design was a single-engined combat aircraft for air-to-air and secondary air-to-ground roles. According to unidentified Indian sources, the aircraft was evaluated by Indian pilots in the Soviet Union and was probably suggested as an alternative for the Indian LCA being developed at that time.
Russia unveiled the MiG-35 at the Aero India 2007 air show in Bangalore, amid Moscow's keenness to sell these planes to India. The MiG-35 was a contender with the Eurofighter Typhoon, F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, Dassault Rafale, JAS 39 Gripen, and F-16 Falcon in the Indian MRCA competition for 126 multirole combat aircraft to be procured by the Indian Air Force. The MiG-35 was ousted from the contest in April 2011.
Production and upgrades
The MiG-35/MiG-35D exhibits advancements on MiG-29K/KUB and MiG-29M/M2 fighters in combat efficiency enhancement, universality and operational characteristics improvement. The main features of the new design are the fifth-generation information-sighting systems, compatibility with Russian and foreign weapons applications and an integrated variety of defensive systems to increase combat survivability. The new overall design overtakes the design concepts of the baseline model and enables the new aircraft to conduct full-scale multi-role missions as their western counterparts.
New avionics are intended to help the MiG-35 gain air superiority as well as to perform all-weather precision ground strikes, aerial reconnaissance with opto-electronic and radar equipment and to conduct complex joint missions.
Other technological improvements were also introduced to enhance the aircraft's ability to conduct independent operations. For example, an airborne oxygen generation plant was added. RAC MiG and the Italian company GEM-Elettronica signed a Memorandum of Understanding to provide the MIG-35 with a new multifunction self-protection jammer.
By April 2010, pictures and additional information surfaced of two new MiG-35 demonstrators, the single-seat MiG-35 "961", and the two-seat MiG-35D "967". According to Russian media, they first flew in Autumn 2009, and subsequently took part in MMRCA trials in India in October 2009. Both have a very high commonality with the previous MiG-29K/KUB airframes, an immediate visible difference being the braking parachute installed in place of the hook, present on the naval aircraft. Subsequently, MiG-35D "967" appears to have been equipped with a similar AESA radar as fitted to the older MiG-35 demonstrator "154", identifiable by the dark grey short nose radome. Two MiG-35 fighter jets will be given to the Russian Air Force for flight tests in November 2016 in order to confirm the technical characteristics. This was stated by general designer of the United Aircraft Corporation Sergei Korotkov to Interfax on September 6.
The final configuration of the MiG-35's onboard equipment has been left open intentionally using the MIL-STD-1553 bus. The main advantage of an open architecture configuration for its avionics is that future customers will have options to choose from components and systems made by French, Israeli, Russian and United States companies. The Ramenskoye Design Company will act as systems integrator.
The RD-33MK "Morskaya Osa" (Russian: Морская Оса, literally: "Sea Wasp" or Chironex fleckeri) was installed by the new modification. It is the latest version of the RD-33 and was intended to power the MiG-29K and MiG-29KUB. It has 7% more power compared to the baseline model due to the use of modern materials in the cooled blades, providing a higher thrust of 9,000 kgf. In response to earlier criticism, the new engines are smokeless and include systems that reduce infrared and optical visibility. The engines may be fitted with vectored-thrust nozzles, which would result in an increase in combat efficiency by 12% to 15%.
The RD-33OVT engine variant comes with thrust vectoring nozzles, and can direct thrust in two directions or planes. As of 2012, the only in-service, in-production fighter jet using this technology is the Su-35. Other current thrust-vectoring aircraft, such as the Su-30MKI and the F-22, have nozzles that each vector in one plane.
New modifications include the newly rolled-out Phazotron Zhuk-AE active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar. The Phazotron Zhuk-AE AESA radar offers a wider range of operating frequencies, providing more resistance to electronic countermeasures (ECM), more detection range, more air and ground targets detected, tracked and able to be engaged simultaneously. The radar is thought to have a detection range of 160 km (86 nmi) for air targets and 300 km (160 nmi) for ships.
In May 2013, it was reported that Russia plans to order 37 aircraft. On 17 August 2013, the Russian Defense Ministry reported that the purchase worth 37 billion rubles ($1.1 billion) will be delayed until 2016. The delay was caused by state arms spending cuts. In August 2015, Colonel General Viktor Bondarev, commander of Russia’s Air and Space Forces stated that MiG-35 development is to be completed in 2017; entry into service is to follow in 2018.
In April 2014, it was reported that Egypt plans to order 24 MiG-35 fighters as part of an arms deal. MiG head Sergei Korotkov said at the 2015 Aero India exposition they will provide the fighters if Egypt orders them and are ready to negotiate. In April 2015, Egypt signed a contract, worth up to $2 billion, for 50 MiG-35 fighters. Egyptian MiG-35s are to be equipped with high precision targeting pods. Russia already received pre-payment from Egypt, and the first two aircraft will be delivered by the end of 2016.
- MiG-35: Single-seat variant.
- MiG-35D: Two-seat variant.
- The MiG-35 is under development and specification data may change.
- Crew: 1 or 2
- Length: 17.3 m (56 ft 9 in)
- Wingspan: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
- Height: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
- Wing area: 38 m2 (409 ft2)
- Empty weight: 11,000 kg (24,250 lb)
- Loaded weight: 17,500 kg (38,600 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 29,700 kg (65,500 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Klimov RD-33MK afterburning turbofans
- Maximum speed: Mach 2.25 (2,400 km/h, 1,491 mph) at altitude; 1,450 km/h (901 mph) at low-level
- Range: 2,000 km (1,240 mi)
- Combat radius: 1,000 km (620 mi)
- Ferry range: 3,100 km (1,930 mi) with 3 external fuel tanks
- Service ceiling: 17,500 m (57,400 ft)
- Rate of climb: 330 m/s (65,000 ft/min)
- Thrust/weight: 1.03
- Max. maneuvering load factor: 10.0 g
- Guns: 1× 30 mm GSh-30-1 cannon, 150 rounds
- Hardpoints: 9 total (8× under-wing, 1× centre-line) with a capacity of 7,000 kg
- Rockets: S-8, S-13, S-24, S-25L, S-250 unguided and laser-guided rockets
- Phazotron Zhuk AE AESA radar (or other members of the Zhuk radar family)
- NII PP OLS-UEM Optical Location station
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet
- Dassault Rafale
- Eurofighter Typhoon
- General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon (E/F Block 60)
- Shenyang J-11B
- Related lists
- Russia's MiG-35S multirole fighter aircraft could enter service in 2018 - Airrecognition.com, 14 August 2015.
- "Russia's Lethal New MiG-35 to Start Flight Testing This Summer.". The National Interest. 2016-03-21.
- "Pre-Series Production of a Multi-Purpose MiG-35 Fighter.". Sputnik (news agency). 2016-08-19.
- "Russian engineers produce advanced MIG-35 fighter jets.". LiveLeak. 2016-03-17.
- . Take-off magazine, June 2010, p. 64.
- "MiG-35/MiG-35D." RAC MiG Corporation. Retrieved: 8 November 2012. Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
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- Jane's Defence Weekly, 13 August 1988, p. 235.
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- "MiG-35/MiG-35D." Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG. Retrieved: 8 November 2012.
- "Тендер MMRCA" (in Russian). Take-Off, November 2009, pp. 36–37. Retrieved: 13 April 2010.
- "Photo of MiG-35 '967'." Airliners.net. Retrieved: 8 November 2012.
- "Минобороны РФ получит первый образец истребителя МиГ-35 в этом году.". Interfax. 2016-03-30.
- "Истребитель МиГ-35 передадут военным для испытаний в ноябре.". Lenta.ru. 2016-09-06.
- "Account Suspended." Aviapedia.com. Retrieved: 13 November 2011. Archived 8 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Aviapedia » Klimov fighter engines video. RD-33
- "New MiG-35 OLS." Aviapedia. Retrieved: 8 November 2012. Archived 9 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "MiG-35 Multi-Role Combat Aircraft". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
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- "MiG-35." airforce-technology.com. Retrieved: 8 November 2012.[unreliable source?]
- "РСК "МиГ" в июне подпишет контакт с Минобороны на поставку МиГ-35". РИА Новости. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Russian Defense Ministry Delays Deal on MiG-35 Jets." - Rian.ru, 17 August 2013
- News Desk. "Egypt interested in buying 24 MiG-35s from Russia". defense-update.com. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Russia said set to sell its top fighter jets to Egypt". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Russia Ready to Supply MiG-35 Jets to Egypt - Manufacturer
- "Мы обезопасились от катастрофических последствий". migavia.ru (in Russian).
- "Корпорация "МиГ" поставит два истребителя МиГ-29М/М2 в Северную Африку" (in Russian).
- "Системы наведения на цель ракет с МиГ-35 поставят в Египет в 2016 году". Novosti.com (in Russian).
- "Системы наведения на цель ракет с МиГ-35 поставят в Египет в 2016 году". Novosti.com (in Russian).
- MiG-29M2 product page. RAC MiG
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- "Zhuk AE." Defense-update.com. Retrieved: 8 November 2012.
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