Milad Tower

Coordinates: 35°44′41″N 51°22′31″E / 35.74472°N 51.37528°E / 35.74472; 51.37528
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Milad Tower
برج میلاد
Milad Tower 2023
Location within Tehran (dark blue)
Alternative namesTehran Tower
General information
TypeTelecommunication, commercial, restaurant, observation
LocationTehran, Iran
Coordinates35°44′41″N 51°22′31″E / 35.74472°N 51.37528°E / 35.74472; 51.37528
Construction started1997
Opening7 October 2008
Cost266 billion tomans
OwnerMunicipality of Tehran
ManagementBoland Payeh Co.
Height435 meters
Antenna spire435.0 m (1,427 ft)
Roof315.0 m (1,033 ft)
Top floor312.0 m (1,024 ft)
Technical details
Floor count12
Floor area154,000 m2 (1,660,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect(s)Mohammad Reza Hāfezi
Main contractorBoland Payeh Co.
Official website

The Milad Tower (Persian: برج میلاد, Borj-e Milād) (lit. Birth Tower), also known as the Tehran Tower (برج تهران Borj-e Tehrān),[3] is a multi-purpose tower in Tehran, Iran. It is the sixth-tallest tower[4] and the world's first telecommunication tower in terms of the usage area of the top structure and the tallest tower in Iran and the 24th-tallest freestanding structure in the world.[5] The construction of this tower took about 11 years and 7 months

It is located between Shahrak-e Gharb and the district of Gisha, standing at 435 meters from the base to the tip of the antenna.[6] The head consists of a large pod with 12 floors, the roof of which is at 315 meters.

The tower is a part of the International Trade and Convention Center of Tehran, which also includes a five-star hotel, a convention center, a world trade center and an IT park.[1][2][3][7]



The Milad Tower was part of the Shahestan Pahlavi project, a vast development for a new government and commercial centre for Tehran, that was designed in the 1970s but never materialized, except for the tower. After an international competition, the project was awarded to the Llewely Davies Company, and construction was inaugurated on August 19, 1975, with the Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Mayor of Tehran Dr G. R. Nickpay burying a commemorative gold plaque .[8] There is also another background of building this tower, since the construction of the tower was started after the 1979 revolution. The new government of Iran wanted to create a new symbol for Tehran to replace the Azadi Tower that was a symbol of Pahlavi's reign.


The construction of the tower was commenced in 1997. In 2001, at the suggestion of the Islamic Council of Tehran, on the occasion of the 100th birthday of Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, it was renamed Milad Tower. The construction of this tower lasted for 11 years.  In the first 8 years, only 40% of the tower was completed, but with the acceleration of the project by Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, the mayor of Tehran, the next 60% was built in 30 months. Upon completion of its construction in the mid 2000s, the Milad Tower was considered the fourth-tallest freestanding telecommunication tower in the world.[3] While the tower the construction is finished in 2007, and After 11 years since the beginning of construction, on October 7, 2008, Milad Tower was opened with the slogan "Heaven is near" in the presence of representatives of the Islamic Council, members of the Islamic Council of Tehran and Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, the mayor of Tehran.  This ceremony was covered by more than 250 Iranian and foreign journalists. numerous conflicts on the history of the tower still prevail, partly because sections of the tower were open to visitors once the elevators started operating during construction and the tower was still far from finished.[1][2][3]

The design of the project was headed by Iranian architect Mohammad Reza Hafezi. The general contractor was the company of Boland Payeh, and the main client and investor was the company of Yadman Sazeh, a representative of the Municipality of Tehran.[2]

Structure and features[edit]

An outline of the Milad Tower
The Milad Tower among the world's seven tallest towers

Milad Tower is 435 meters (1,427 ft) tall and is the tallest tower in Iran, and the sixth-tallest telecommunication tower in the world. It consists of five main parts, including the foundation, transition (lobby) structure, shaft, head structure and the antenna mast.

The lobby structure consists of six floors. The first three floors consist of 63 trade units, 11 food courts, a cafeteria, and a commercial products exhibition which is supposed to be about 260 square metres (2,800 sq ft).[3] The first and second underground floors consist of installing sections and a data center. The ground floor is dedicated to the entrance and the gatehouse.

Inside one of the elevators of the Milad Tower

The shaft is a concrete structure about 315 metres (1,033 ft) high from the ground floor. Six elevators in three different sides of the shaft are used to transfer the visitors to the head of the tower at the speed of 7 metres per second (0.0070 km/s), besides an emergency staircase at the fourth side.

The head of the tower is a steel structure weighing about 25,000 tonnes and consisting of 12 floors. The top floors of the tower include a public art gallery, a cafeteria, a revolving restaurant, a VIP restaurant, telecommunication floors, mechanical floors, fire-immune areas built as a refuge zone,[9] a closed observation deck, an open observation deck, and a sky dome.[2]

The four-stage antenna mast is about 120 metres (390 ft) high. The lower floor of the mast is for the adjustment of public users' telecommunication antennas, and the three upper floors are dedicated to the antenna of the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting.[2][3]

The complex also features a parking area of about 27,000 square metres (290,000 sq ft), a large computer and telecommunications unit, a cultural and scientific unit, a commercial transaction center, a temporary showroom for exhibiting products, a specialized library, an exhibition hall, and an administrative unit.

The Milad Tower has an octagonal base, symbolizing traditional Iranian architecture.[2]



See also[edit]

Similar Towers[edit]

The Kuala Lumpur tower in Malaysia

The Kuala Lumpur Tower in Malaysia bears a striking resemblance to the Milad Tower.


  1. ^ a b c "Borj-e Milad, Tehran -". Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Zafarani, H. "Seismic Response Analysis of Milad Tower in Tehran, Iran" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Milad Tower | Buildings". Archived from the original on February 18, 2014. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  4. ^ "Milad Tower, a perfect product for a perfect project". NBN (Nasl Bartar Novin). n.d. Archived from the original on November 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
  5. ^ Andrew Burke, Mark Elliott. Iran (Lonely Planet Country Guide). p. 114. Lonely Planet Publications, 5th Edition, 2008. ISBN 978-1-74104-293-1.
  6. ^ "Iran Opens World's 4th Highest Telecoms Tower". Cellular-News. 2009-09-08. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  7. ^ "Milad Tower". Retrieved 2022-09-12.
  8. ^ Shahestan Pahlavi. Book 1: The Master Plan. Llewely Davies, 1976
  9. ^ "Congress Venue". IUA. 2009-03-13. Retrieved 2009-10-05.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]