Milan–Malpensa Airport

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Milan–Malpensa Airport
Aeroporto di Milano-Malpensa
"Città di Milano"
Malpensa Airport aerial view.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator SEA Aeroporti di Milano
Serves Milan
Location Ferno, Italy
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 1,000 ft / 304.8 m
Coordinates 45°37′48″N 008°43′23″E / 45.63000°N 8.72306°E / 45.63000; 8.72306Coordinates: 45°37′48″N 008°43′23″E / 45.63000°N 8.72306°E / 45.63000; 8.72306
Website milanomalpensa.eu
Map
MXP is located in Northern Italy
MXP
MXP
Location within Northern Italy
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,920 12,861 Asphalt
17R/35L 3,920 12,861 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 19,320,546
Passenger change 15-16 Increase 4.5%
Aircraft movements 166,842
Movements change 15-16 Increase 4%
Source: ASSAEROPORTI[2]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[3]

Milan–Malpensa Airport (IATA: MXPICAO: LIMC), formerly City of Busto Arsizio Airport,[4][5] is the largest international airport for the Milan metropolitan area in northern Italy. It serves 15 million inhabitants in Lombardy, Piedmont and Liguria. The airport is located 49 kilometres (30 mi) northwest[6] of central Milan, next to the Ticino river (dividing Lombardy and Piedmont). The airport has two terminals and two runways as well as a dedicated cargo terminal.

In 2016, Malpensa Airport handled 19,320,546 passengers[3] and was the 29th busiest airport in Europe in terms of passengers. Until 2008, Malpensa Airport was a major hub for flag carrier Alitalia. Malpensa Airport remains the second busiest Italian airport for international passenger traffic (after Rome Fiumicino Airport), and first busiest for freight and cargo. It handles over 500,000 tons of international freight annually.

The first industrial airport was opened in 1909 near the Cascina Malpensa, an old farm, by Giovanni Agusta and Gianni Caproni to test their aircraft prototypes. This airport was then opened for civil operation in 1948 during the war reconstruction period, in order to serve the northern area of Milan.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The site of today's Malpensa Airport has seen aviation activities for more than 100 years. The first began on 27 May 1910, when the Caproni brothers flew their "flying machine", the Cal biplane. In the years that followed, many aircraft prototypes took off from the same site; eventually, it was decided to upgrade the farming patch to a more formal airfield. Both Gianni Caproni and Giovanni Agusta established factories on the new site; the airfield soon developed into the largest aircraft production centre in Italy.

During the 1920s and 1930s, the airfield hosted two squadrons of the Regia Aeronautica Italiana (Italian Air Force). In September 1943, Malpensa airfield was taken over by Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe when northern Italy was invaded by Adolf Hitler. Soon after their arrival, the Germans laid the airfield's first concrete runway.

After the cessation of hostilities during the Second World War, manufacturers and politicians of the Milan and Varese regions, led by banker Benigno Ajroldi of Banca Alto Milanese, restored the airfield. They aimed to making it an industrial fulcrum for post-war recovery of Italy. The main runway, heavily damaged by German troops as they retreated from northern Italy, was rebuilt and extended to 1,800 metres. A small wooden terminal was constructed to protect goods and passengers from all weather conditions.

After World War II[edit]

Malpensa Airport officially commenced commercial operations on 21 November 1948 as Aeroporto Città di Busto Arsizio, although the Belgian national flag-carrier Sabena had started flying to Brussels from here a year earlier. On 2 February 1950 Trans World Airlines (TWA) became the first company to fly long-haul flights from Malpensa, using Lockheed Constellations on their services to New York Idlewild Airport.

A change of ownership occurred in 1952 when the Municipality of Milan took control of the airport's operator, the Società Aeroporto di Busto Arsizio. The operator's name was subsequently changed to Società Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA (SEA). After assuming full control, SEA decided to develop Malpensa as an international and intercontinental gateway, whereas Milan's other airport, Linate Airport, would be tasked with handling domestic services only.

Between 1958 and 1962 a new terminal arrived at Malpensa and the airport's two parallel runways were extended to 3,915 m (12,844 ft), becoming the longest in Europe at that time. By the early 1960s, however, major European carriers such as British Airways, Air France, Lufthansa and Alitalia had moved the majority of their services to Linate Airport, which was just 11 km east of Milan's city centre, making it much easier for passengers to reach central Milan. This left Malpensa with just a handful of intercontinental links, charter flights and cargo operations. Malpensa suffered a decline in commercial traffic, with passenger numbers dropping from 525,000 in 1960 to just 331,000 by 1965. It was destined to play second fiddle to Linate Airport for another 20 years.

Expansion and development (1995-1998)[edit]

By the mid-1980s Linate Airport was handling seven million passengers per year and, with only a short single runway and limited parking slots, had reached its saturation point. With no available land nearby for expansion, an alternative solution was sought: Societa Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA (SEA) quickly found that developing Malpensa was the only practical alternative.

By the end of 1985, a law had been passed by the Italian Parliament that paved the way for the reorganisation of the Milan airport system. Malpensa was designated as the centre for all services covering northern Italy, while Linate Airport was downgraded to a domestic and short-haul facility. "Malpensa 2000", as the plan was called, included the construction of a new terminal as well as the development of fast, efficient connections to Milan's city centre. The European Union recognised this project as one of the 14 "Essential to the Development of the Union" and provided €200 million to help finance the work. Construction started in November 1990; Malpensa airport was re-opened eight years later.

A brief life as Alitalia's main hub (1998-2008)[edit]

During the night of 24/25 October 1998 Alitalia moved the majority of its fleet from Rome Fiumicino Airport – where it had been flying from for over 50 years – to Malpensa Airport. The airport started a new lease of life as the Italian flag-carrier's main hub. Alitalia added up to 488 movements and 42,000 passengers a day at the facility which, by the end of 1998, had handled 5.92 million passengers (an increase of more than two million over the previous year's figure).

In 1999 it recorded a spectacular leap to 16.97 million and, by 2007, passenger numbers had reached 23.9 million. Efficient rail links from two different stations in Milan (Centrale and Cadorna stations) ensured easy access by railway, whereas the nearby A8 motorway had an extra lane added in each direction to help speed up traffic into and out of the city centre.

Before 2001, ground handling services at Malpensa were shared by the SEA (airport's operator) and Trans-World Airlines. Since then, the contracting process has gradually been deregulated. In 2000, airport security services at Malpensa were transferred from the Polizia di Stato (State Police) to SEA's internal division, SEA Airport Security. Up to 2002, SEA was assisted by IVRI in providing security services, but the contract was not renewed after its expiry. Nevertheless, SEA Airport Security is supervised by the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police), Guardia di Finanza (Italian Military Customs Police) and Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile (Italy's Civil Aviation Authority), whereas the Carabinieri (Italian Military Police) supervises ramp entrance.[citation needed]

Ramp services are provided by SEA Handling, ATA and, more recently, Aviapartner. SEA Handling provided 80% of the ramp services at Malpensa Airport due to its major customer, Alitalia. In May 2006, however, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority took off the limitation of two ramp handlers.

In 2008, a new development plan was launched by Societa Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA (SEA), valued at €1.4 billion, to include a third pier for Terminal 1 and the construction of a third runway. In a surprise move, however, Alitalia announced its decision to revert its main hub back to Rome Fiumicino Airport due to 'high operating costs' at Malpensa Airport. Alitalia did not pull out of Malpensa altogether, and continues to fly several domestic and European services from Milan and two intercontinental flights (to New York City and Tokyo). However Malpensa lost around 20% of its daily movements, a decrease from 700 to 550, which resulted in only 19.2 million passengers passing through in 2008. The airport continued to suffer during 2009, when the international financial crisis and higher fuel prices caused a reduction to only 17.6 million passengers that year.

Recent expansion: 2010s[edit]

Responding to Alitalia's pullout, the operator SEA launched an all-out publicity programme and aggressively marketed Malpensa Airport around the world. This campaign was successful: from 2008 to 2011, a total of 34 new passenger and cargo routes were added to Malpensa's network.

Lufthansa announced plans in 2008 to create its first hub outside Germany and its fourth European hub at Malpensa.[7] In October 2008, Lufthansa set up its Italian division, Lufthansa Italia. Operations commenced on 2 February 2009, but ceased on 30 October 2011 as Lufthansa abandoned plans to create a hub at Malpensa.

The low-cost carrier EasyJet has made Malpensa its most important base after London Gatwick, with 21 of its Airbus A319s based here. The airline currently flies services from Malpensa to 67 destinations in Italy and across Europe.[8] Competitor Ryanair confirmed plans to open an operating base at Malpensa from December 2015, initially with one aircraft.[9]

In 2014 a contract was awarded for extension of the railway line from Terminal 1 to Terminal 2. The line was opened in December 2016.[10] The new Malpensa Terminal 2 railway station is within 200 m north of the T2 arrivals hall, that is accessed by an outdoor covered walkway.[11]

Terminals[edit]

EasyJet Airbus A319 landing at Malpensa with the Alps visible in the background

Malpensa Airport has two passenger terminals and they are connected by airport shuttle buses.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1, which opened in 1998, is the newer,[12] larger and more prominent terminal. The terminal is divided into three sections and handles most passengers on scheduled as well as charter flights:

  • Terminal 1A handles domestic and intra-Schengen flights.
  • Terminal 1B handles non-Schengen and some intercontinental flights.
  • Terminal 1C, opened in January 2013, handles non-Schengen and some intercontinental flights.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is the older terminal.[12] It is currently used exclusively by easyJet. All charter services, which were previously based in this terminal, moved to Terminal 1 upon its opening.

The only public transport available are ATM (Transport for Milan) local buses or shuttle buses operated by Terravision, Autostradale and Malpensa Shuttle. Malpensa Airport additionally provides a free shuttle service to connect Terminal 2 to Terminal 1.[13] A new railway station at Terminal 2 was opened in December 2016.[14]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Malpensa:[15]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion, Kalamata, Rhodes
1A
Aer Lingus Dublin 1C
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 1B
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg 1B
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba 1B
Air Canada Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson 1C
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong 1B
Air Europa Madrid
Seasonal charter: Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca[citation needed]
1A
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1A
Air India Delhi 1C
Air Moldova Chișinău 1B
Air Nostrum Seasonal charter: Karpathos, Palma de Mallorca (all begin 21 July 2017)[16] 1B
Air Serbia Belgrade 1B
airBaltic Riga
Seasonal charter: Brindisi (resumes 4 June 2017), Cagliari (begins 11 June 2017), Lamezia Terme, Olbia (begins 3 June 2017)[17]
1A
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kos, Lanzarote, Lourdes, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes, Samos, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki (resumes 11 June 2017)[18] 1A
Albawings Tirana 1B
Alitalia Abu Dhabi, New York–JFK, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal charter: Hamburg, Pointe-à-Pitre, Rome–Fiumicino (resumes 13 May 2017),[19] Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 5 August 2017)[20]
1B
American Airlines Miami, New York–JFK 1C
AtlasGlobal Istanbul-Atatürk 1B
Austrian Airlines Vienna 1A
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 1B
Belavia Minsk 1B
Blu-express
operated by Blue Panorama Airlines
Tirana 1B
Blue Panorama Airlines Cancún, Cayo Largo, Havana, Holguín, Montego Bay
Seasonal: Cayo Coco, La Romana, Mérida, Santa Clara, Varadero
1B
BMI Regional Bristol 1B
British Airways London–Heathrow 1C
Brussels Airlines Brussels 1A
Bulgaria Air Sofia 1B
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 1C
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb 1B
Czech Airlines Prague 1A
Darwin Airline Charter: Geneva [21] 1A
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
1B
Eastern Airways Seasonal charter: Rodez (begins 7 July 2017)[22] 1A
easyJet Amsterdam, Athens (ends 27 October 2017), Barcelona, Bari, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Cagliari, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Granada, Hamburg (ends 28 October 2017), Kraków, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Lille (ends 27 October 2017), Lisbon, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Luxembourg, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakech, Munich, Nantes, Naples, Olbia, Palermo, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino (ends 27 October 2017), Santiago de Compostela, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Toulouse
Seasonal: Alghero, Alicante, Bilbao, Cephalonia, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Malta, Minorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar (begins 27 June 2017),[23] Zakynthos
2
EgyptAir Cairo 1B
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 1B
Ellinair Seasonal: Thessaloniki 1A
Emirates Dubai-International, New York–JFK 1C
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 1B
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 1C
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg 1A
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Stuttgart 1A
Finnair Helsinki 1A
Flybe Birmingham, Cardiff, Hannover, Manchester, Southampton 1B
Flybe
operated by Stobart Air
London-Southend (begins 1 May 2017)[24] 1B
FlyOne Chișinău 1B
HOP! Lyon, Nantes 1A
Iberia Madrid 1A
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík 1A
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini 1B
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1B
KLM Amsterdam 1A
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon 1B
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos 1C
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin 1A
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1A
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Air Dolomiti
Munich 1A
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 1A
Luxair Luxembourg 1A
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1B
Meridiana Accra, Cairo, Dakar, Fortaleza, Fuerteventura, Havana, Lagos, La Romana, Malé, Mauritius, Mombasa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Naples, Nosy Be, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife–South, Zanzibar
Seasonal: Brindisi (resumes 18 June 2017),[25] Cagliari, Ibiza, Lamezia Terme, Lampedusa, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Recife, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos
Seasonal charter: Antigua, Cayo Coco, Fort-de-France, Rostock–Laage[26]
1A, 1B
Middle East Airlines Beirut 1B
Neos Seasonal: Antigua, Boa Vista, Brindisi, Cagliari, Camaguey, Cancún, Catania, Cayo Largo, Colombo, Freeport, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Havana, Heraklion, Holguín, Ibiza, Jinan (begins 19 May 2017),[27] Karpathos, Kos, La Romana, Lamezia Terme, Lampedusa, Lanzarote, Málaga, Malé, Marsa Alam, Mersa Matruh, Mauritius, Minorca, Mombasa, Monastir, Montego Bay, Mykonos, Nanjing (begins 4 May 2017),[28] Nosy Be, Palma de Mallorca, Porto Santo, Rhodes, Sal, Salalah, Samaná, Santa Clara, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shenyang (begins 11 May 2017),[29] Skiathos, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki (begins 5 June 2017),[30] Tianjin (begins 8 May 2017),[31] Varadero, Zanzibar
Seasonal charter: Dubai-Al Maktoum, Luxor, Pointe-à-Pitre, Rostock, Stockholm Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
1A, 1B
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 5 June 2017) 1A
Oman Air Muscat 1B
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore 1B
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 1C
Qatar Airways Doha 1C
Royal Air Maroc Beni Mellal, Casablanca 1B
Ryanair Alicante (begins 30 October 2017),[32] Brussels, Bucharest, Catania, Comiso, Eindhoven (begins 29 October 2017),[32] Gran Canaria, Katowice (begins 29 October 2017),[32] Lamezia Terme (begins 29 October 2017),[32] Liverpool (begins 31 October 2017),[32] London–Stansted, Palermo (begins 29 October 2017),[32] Porto, Seville, Sofia, Valencia (begins 29 October 2017)[32] 1A, 1B
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Seasonal: Medina
1C
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Seasonal: Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
1A
Singapore Airlines Singapore 1C
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Rovaniemi[citation needed] 1A
Sun Express Seasonal: İzmir 1B
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich 1A
TAP Portugal Lisbon 1A
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 1B
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Casablanca 1B
Tunisair Tunis
Seasonal: Djerba, Monastir
1B
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 1C
Twin Jet Marseille, Nice, Toulouse 1A
United Airlines Newark 1B
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil 1B
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Seasonal: Urgench
1B
Vueling Amsterdam, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Paris–Orly
Seasonal: Alicante, Bilbao, Ibiza, Menorca (begins 27 May 2017),[33] Palma de Mallorca (begins 22 July 2017),[34] Valencia
1A
Wizz Air Budapest, Kutaisi, Podgorica, Sibiu 1A, 1B
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík 1A

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AeroLogic Hong Kong, Leipzig/Halle
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Maastricht/Aachen, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Asiana Cargo London–Stansted, Seoul–Incheon, Vienna
Atlas Air Amsterdam, San Juan
Cargolux Campinas, Chicago, London–Stansted, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Maastricht/Aachen, New York–JFK, Taipei–Taoyuan
Cargolux Italia Almaty, Baku, Curitiba–Afonso Pena, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dubai–International, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Mexico City, New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Zhengzhou
Cathay Pacific Delhi, Hong Kong, London–Heathrow, Manchester, Mumbai
DHL Aviation London–Heathrow, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Madrid
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Bucharest, London–Heathrow, Leipzig/Halle, East Midlands
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo, Ostend[35]
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa[36]
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Bogotá, Moscow—Domodedovo, San Juan
FedEx Express Ancona, Dubai, Guangzhou, Memphis, Munich, Newark, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Shanghai–Pudong, Venice
Korean Air Cargo Navoi, Seoul–Incheon, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Vienna, Zaragoza
Lufthansa Cargo Cairo, Frankfurt
Nippon Cargo Airlines Amsterdam, Hahn, Tokyo–Narita
Qatar Airways Cargo Chicago–O'Hare,[37] Doha, London–Stansted, Tripoli
Royal Air Maroc Brussels, Casablanca
Saudia Cargo Brussels, Damman, Jeddah, Riyadh
Silk Way Airlines Baku[38]
Swiftair East Midlands[39]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Algiers, Istanbul–Atatürk[40]

Statistics[edit]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes to/from Milan Malpensa (2016)[41]
Rank Rank
var.
(prev. year)
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Increase 1 Italy Catania, Sicily Increase 491.998 Albastar, easyJet, Meridiana, Mistral Air, Neos Air, Ryanair
2 Decrease 1 Italy Naples, Campania Decrease 349,972 easyJet, Meridiana
3 Increase 1 Italy Palermo, Sicily Increase 315,987 Albastar, easyJet
4 Decrease 1 Italy Rome, Lazio Decrease 291.701 Alitalia, easyJet
5 Steady Italy Olbia, Sardinia Increase 279,453 easyJet, Meridiana, Neos Air
6 Steady Italy Lamezia Terme, Calabria Increase 263,135 Albastar, easyJet, Neos Air
7 Steady Italy Bari, Apulia Increase 195,638 easyJet
8 Increase 1 Italy Brindisi, Apulia Increase 153,083 AirBaltic, easyJet, Neos Air
9 Decrease1 Italy Cagliari, Sardinia Increase 136,324 easyJet, Meridiana, Neos Air
10 Increase1 Italy Comiso, Sicily Increase 125,552 Ryanair
11 Decrease1 Italy Alghero, Sardinia Decrease < 100.000 Easyjet
Busiest European (Schengen) routes to/from Milan Malpensa (2016)[41]
Rank Rank
var.
(prev. year)
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Steady Spain Barcelona, Spain Increase 686,128 easyJet, Vueling
2 Increase 1 Spain Madrid, Spain Increase 601,979 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia
3 Increase 1 United Kingdom London-Gatwick, United Kingdom Increase 554,189 easyJet
4 Decrease 2 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France Decrease 548,130 easyJet
5 Increase 1 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands Increase 463,242 easyJet, Vueling
6 Decrease 1 Germany Munich, Germany Decrease 422,794 Lufthansa, AirDolomiti, Easyjet
7 Steady Portugal Lisbon, Portugal Increase 392,263 easyJet, TAP Portugal
8 Steady Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark Decrease 359,541 easyJet, Scandinavian Airlines
9 Steady Germany Frankfurt am Main, Germany Decrease 316,398 Lufthansa
10 Increase 2 Greece Athens, Greece Increase 280,866 Aegean Airlines, easyJet
11 Steady Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic Increase 279,616 Czech Airlines, easyJet
12 Decrease 2 Belgium Brussels, Belgium Decrease 268,007 Brussels Airlines, easyJet, Ryanair
13 Increase 1 United Kingdom London-Heathrow, United Kingdom Increase 236,057 British Airways
14 Increase 100 United Kingdom London-Stansted, United Kingdom Increase 234,617 Ryanair
15 Increase 2 Spain Ibiza, Spain Increase 213,375 Air Europa, Albastar, easyJet, Meridiana, Neos Air, Vueling
16 Steady Hungary Budapest, Hungary Increase 211,609 Wizzair
17 Decrease 4 Switzerland Zürich, Switzerland Decrease 209,279 Swiss International Air Lines
18 Decrease 3 Austria Vienna, Austria Decrease 205,898 Austrian Airlines
19 Decrease 1 Germany Hamburg, Germany Increase 191,139 easyJet, Germanwings
20 Decrease 2 Germany Berlin-Schönefeld, Germany Decrease 171,059 easyJet
21 Steady Finland Helsinki, Finland Decrease 169,163 Finnair
22 Increase 5 United Kingdom Edinburgh, Scotland Increase 157,874 easyJet
23 Decrease 2 Germany Düsseldof, Germany Decrease 149,381 Germanwings
24 Decrease 1 Spain Málaga, Spain Increase 148,607 easyJet, Neos Air, Vueling
25 Decrease 3 United Kingdom London-Luton, England Increase 144,977 easyJet
26 Decrease 2 Germany Stuttgart Germany Increase 139,663 easyJet, Germanwings
27 Increase 20 United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom Increase 137,046 easyJet, FlyBe
28 Decrease 3 Luxembourg Luxembourg, Luxembourg Increase 129,773 easyJet, Luxair
29 Decrease 3 Poland Warsaw, Poland Increase 121,364 LOT Polish Airlines
30 Increase France Paris-Orly, France Increase 110,493 Vueling
31 Increase Romania Bucharest, Romania Increase 107,690 Ryanair
32 Increase United Kingdom Birmingham, United Kingdom Increase 104,462 FlyBe
33 Increase Spain Palma de Mallorca, Spain Increase 101,886 Air Europa, Albastar, easyJet, Neos Air, Vueling
Busiest non-European (NON Schengen) routes to/from Milan Malpensa (2016)[41]
Rank Rank
var.
(prev. year)
City Passengers Airline(s)
1 Steady United States New York-John F. Kennedy, New York, United States Increase 689,995 Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Emirates
2 Steady United Arab Emirates Dubai-International, United Arab Emirates Increase 587,576 Emirates
3 Increase 1 Russia Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Russia Decrease 343,358 Aeroflot, Alitalia
4 Decrease 1 Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk, Turkey Decrease 342,856 Turkish Airlines
5 Steady Qatar Doha, Qatar Increase 313,465 Qatar Airways
6 Steady United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Increase 260,695 Alitalia, Etihad Airways
7 Steady Israel Tel Aviv, Israel Increase 247,390 easyJet, El Al, Meridiana, Neos Air
8 Increase 2 Albania Tirana, Albania Increase 209,508 Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines
9 Decrease 1 Hong Kong Hong Kong, SAR Decrease 170,536 Cathay Pacific
10 Steady Egypt Cairo, Egypt Decrease 162,857 Egypt Air, Meridiana
11 Steady United States Newark, New Jersey, United States Decrease 151,022 United Airlines
12 Increase 4 Oman Muscat, Oman Increase 137,635 Oman Air
13 Steady Japan Tokyo, Japan Increase 133,125 Alitalia
14 Decrease 1 China Shanghai, China Decrease 129,703 Air China
15 Decrease 7 Morocco Casablanca, Morocco Decrease 127,628 Royal Air Maroc
16 Increase Chile Santiago de Chile, Chile Increase 122,898 LAN Airlines
17 Increase 5 Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine Increase 121,374 UIA
18 Increase 8 Turkey Istanbul, Turkey Increase 108,378 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
19 Decrease 1 United States Miami, Florida, United States Decrease 111,585 American Airlines
20 Increase 1 Singapore Singapore, Singapore Increase 104,799 Singapore Airlines
21 Decrease 2 Tunisia Tunis, Tunisia Decrease 104,343 Tunisair

Movements by country[edit]

Countries with passenger movements
from/to Milan Malpensa Airport (2016)
Rank Country Passengers 2016
1  Italy 2,639,131
2  Spain 2,141,419
3  UK 1,638,130
4  Germany 1,511,275
5  USA 975,206
6  France 888,238
7  UAE 848,271
8  Greece 633,877
9  The Netherlands 463,350
10  Turkey 451,243
11  Portugal 440,516
12  Russia 425,509
13  Denmark 359,541

Transport links[edit]

Rail[edit]

Malpensa Express at Milano Cadorna station
Connection between the rail station and Terminal 1

Malpensa Express

Malpensa Express trains run from Malpensa Aeroporto T1 railway station, located at Terminal 1, and from Malpensa Areoporto T2 railway station, located at Terminal 2, to Milan Cadorna station in the southwest of central Milan. A train leaves every 30 minutes in each direction. At Milan Cadorna, there are connections with Milan Metro lines M1 and M2, the Milan suburban railway service and other destinations. Journey time is 29 minutes (non-stop) or 34 minutes (stopping). Stopping services call at Busto Arsizio FNM, Saronno Centrale (connections for Varese and Como) and Milan Bovisa (connection with suburban services).[42]

Since 13 December 2010, the Malpensa Express has also run to Milan Central station, connecting there with Milan Metro lines M2 and M3 and various rail services. A train leaves every 30 minutes in each direction (or hourly during early mornings or late evenings). Journey times are 46 minutes (semi-fast) and 53 minutes (stopping). All services call at Milan Porta Garibaldi (connections with Milan Metro lines M2 and M5) and Saronno Centrale, with stopping services also calling at Busto Arsizio FNM station.[43]

From December 2016, Malpensa Express is expected to extend to Terminal 2 when a new railway station opens.[14]

Other train services

Two daily high-speed (Alta Velocità) services connect Malpensa Aeroporto to Florence/Firenze via Milan Central, Bologna Central and Florence Santa Maria Novella stations. One of the high-speed trains continues to Naples/Napoli via Rome Termini.[44] As of October 2012, the service was terminated.

Milan's Suburban Line S10 (Milano Rogoredo–Milano Bovisa) runs to Malpensa Airport/Aeroporto from June 2010 onwards.[45] Trains call at: Ferno, Busto Arsizio, Castellanza, Rescaldina, Saronno Centrale, Milano Bovisa, Milano Lancetti, Milano Porta Garibaldi M2-M5, Milano Repubblica M3, Milano Porta Venezia M1, Milano Dateo and Milano Porta Vittoria. As of October 2012, the service is now terminated.

Future train connections

The Malpensa – Varese – Mendrisio (CH) – Lugano (CH) line is currently under construction and scheduled to be completed in 2016, providing a direct connection between Malpensa Airport/Aeroporto and the south-eastern part of Switzerland. There are plans to connect Gallarate Station and Milan's Centrale Station (FS), which is currently a terminus station with no through tracks, so as to allow more convenient access to high-speed international lines.

Bus[edit]

  • Malpensa Shuttle and Malpensa Bus Express connect the airport to Milan Central station (Trenitalia's National Railway hub) and for Milan's Metro network. The shuttle bus calls at Terminals 1 and 2, Busto Arsizio and Milan Fair (on request). Journey time is 60–70 minutes.
  • From February 2010 onwards, Lufthansa Airport Bus, in partnership with Autostrade SpA, connects Milan Central Station, with Terminal 1 & 2, with stops in Fieramilanocity and Milan Fair – Rho/Pero on request, every 20 minutes. Furthermore, this new service links the Airport with destinations in Lombardy (Varese, Como, Bergamo and Brescia), Piedmont (Turin/Torino, Alessandria and Novara), Liguria (Genoa/Genova) and Switzerland (Bellinzona, Chiasso and Lugano).[46]
  • A free, 24-hour shuttle bus provides access to Terminal 2 from Terminal 1. The bus leaves every 7 minutes. Journey time is 15–20 minutes.
  • Malpensa Airport has a direct coach connection with Milan's Linate Airport.

Road[edit]

Malpensa Airport is accessible by a four-lane motorway to the A8 (connecting Switzerland to Milan) and by a five-lane motorway to the A4 (connecting Turin/Torino, Verona, Venice and Triest/Trieste). Local access to the airport is provided by the State Road SS336 from Gallarate and by the State Road SS336dir from Magenta.

Official taxis in Milan are white and are equipped with taximeter, showing the total price for the journey (the price is for the vehicle, not for people) calculated with official fares approved by local government authorities. The only exception is the journey from city to airport and return.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Milan Malpensa Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Milano Malpensa Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage