Milan Metro Line 1

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Milan Metro Line 1
Milano linea M1.svg
Milano - M1 Rho Fiera.jpg
Overview
Statusoperational
LocaleMilan, Italy
TerminiSesto 1º Maggio
Rho Fiera / Bisceglie
Stations38[1]
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemMilan Metro
Operator(s)Azienda Trasporti Milanesi
Depot(s)Gallaratese, Precotto
Rolling stock63 trains:[2]
UdT (various series)
AnsaldoBreda Meneghino
Daily ridership500,000[3]
History
OpenedNovember 1, 1964 (1964-11-01)
Technical
Line length27 km (17 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationFourth rail 750 V DC/Overhead catenary in overground depots
Route map
Milano mappa M1 2005-12-19.svg
Milan Subway, Line 1
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Metropolitana di Milano Treno.svg Milano S7.svg Milano S8.svg Milano S9.svg Milano S11.svg  White dot.svg  Sesto I Maggio
White dot.svg  Sesto Rondò
White dot.svg  Sesto Marelli
White dot.svg  Villa San Giovanni
White dot.svg  Precotto
White dot.svg  Gorla
White dot.svg  Turro
White dot.svg  Rovereto
White dot.svg  Pasteur
Milano linea M2.svg  White dot.svg  Loreto
White dot.svg  Lima
Milano S1.svg Milano S2.svg Milano S5.svg 
Milano S6.svg Milano S12.svg Milano S13.svg 
White dot.svg  Porta Venezia
White dot.svg  Palestro
White dot.svg  San Babila
Milano linea M3.svg  White dot.svg  Duomo
White dot.svg  Cordusio
White dot.svg  Cairoli
Metropolitana di Milano Treno.svg Milano S3.svg Milano S4.svg Milano linea M2.svg  White dot.svg  Cadorna
White dot.svg  Conciliazione
White dot.svg  Pagano
Buonarroti  White dot.svg White dot.svg  Wagner
Amendola  White dot.svg White dot.svg  De Angeli
Milano linea M5.svg Lotto  White dot.svg White dot.svg  Gambara
QT8  White dot.svg White dot.svg  Bande Nere
Lampugnano  White dot.svg White dot.svg  Primaticcio
Uruguay  White dot.svg White dot.svg  Inganni
Bonola  White dot.svg White dot.svg  Bisceglie
San Leonardo  White dot.svg
Molino Dorino  White dot.svg
Pero  White dot.svg
Metropolitana di Milano Treno.svg Milano S5.svg Milano S6.svg Milano S11.svg RhoFiera White dot.svg

Line 1 (Linea Uno in Italian) is the first underground rapid transit line built in Milan, Italy. It is part of the Milan Metro and it is operated by ATM. Works on the line began in 1957, and the first part was opened on 1 November 1964,[4][5] running from Sesto Marelli to Lotto station. The line is also called Red Line (Linea Rossa in Italian), as it is visually identified by red signs. Due to its premiership, the line gave its red color to the Milan Metro logo.

Route[edit]

The line runs underground from the northern suburb of Sesto San Giovanni to the city centre, then to the western district with two different branches, one northwest to Rho, the other to the west to Bisceglie. It is 27 km (17 mi) long and serves 38 underground stations.[6]

Key points served by the line are Duomo, considered the center of Milan; Castello Sforzesco (with Cairoli station); Cadorna, one of the busiest stations in Milan and in Italy; Corso Buenos Aires (with stations Porta Venezia, Lima and Loreto), an important shopping street; and Rho Fiera, one of the largest fairgrounds in the world.[7]

Station Name Transfer Grade Branch Opening
Sesto I Maggio Milano S7.svg Milano S8.svg Milano S9.svg Milano S11.svg Tren.svg Underground Main route 28 September 1986
Sesto Rondò Underground Main route 28 September 1986
Sesto Marelli Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Villa San Giovanni Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Precotto Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Gorla Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Turro Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Rovereto Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Pasteur Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Loreto Milano linea M2.svg Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Lima Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Porta Venezia Milano S1.svg Milano S2.svg Milano S5.svg Milano S6.svg Milano S12.svg Milano S13.svg Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Palestro Underground Main route 1 November 1964
San Babila Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Duomo Milano linea M3.svg Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Cordusio Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Cairoli Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Cadorna Milano linea M2.svg Milano S3.svg Milano S4.svg Tren.svg Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Conciliazione Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Pagano Underground Main route 1 November 1964
Buonarroti Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 1 November 1964
Amendola Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 1 November 1964
Lotto Milano linea M5.svg Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 1 November 1964
QT8 Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 8 November 1975
Lampugnano Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 12 April 1980
Uruguay Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 12 April 1980
Bonola Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 12 April 1980
San Leonardo Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 12 April 1980
Molino Dorino Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 28 September 1986
Pero Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 19 December 2005
Rho Fieramilano Milano S5.svg Milano S6.svg Milano S11.svg Tren.svg Underground Rho Fieramilano branch 19 December 2005
Wagner Underground Bisceglie branch 2 April 1966
De Angeli Underground Bisceglie branch 2 April 1966
Gambara Underground Bisceglie branch 2 April 1966
Bande Nere Underground Bisceglie branch 18 April 1975
Primaticcio Underground Bisceglie branch 18 April 1975
Inganni Underground Bisceglie branch 18 April 1975
Bisceglie Underground Bisceglie branch 21 March 1992

History[edit]

The mezzanine floor of the Amendola station just before opening in 1964.
The San Babila station's poster during the 1960s.

On 6 April 1952 the city administration asked for a project of a metro system and on 6 October 1955 a new company, Metropolitana Milanese, was created to manage the construction of the new infrastructure.[8] The project was funded with 500 million from the municipality and the rest from a loan. The construction site of the first line was opened in viale Monte Rosa on 4 May 1957.[8] Stations on the new line were designed by Franco Albini-Franca Helg architecture studio. Bob Noorda designed the famous wayfinding and signage system.[8]

At first, stations were designed without the mezzanine floor. However, these were added to the final design to allow street crossing and the use of gates to collect tickets.

The line from Lotto to Sesto Marelli (21 stations) opened on 1 November 1964, after seven years of construction works.[9]

Rolling stock[edit]

There are 4 types of trains running on the line: the original first series trains, revamped original trains, AnsaldoBreda Meneghino trains and the new Leonardo train introduced in 2015. The track gauge is the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge. The entire line is electrified by means of a third or fourth rail at 750 V.[10]

Among the 63 trains running on the line, 20 entered service between 1964 (opening of the line) and 1970. Those trains are planned to be replaced by new Meneghino trains in the next few years. There are 17 Meneghino trains already operational as of March 2012.[2]

Extension[edit]

An extension towards the north from Sesto Primo Maggio to Monza Bettola is currently under construction. It is expected to be completed by 2023.[11] The new section will be 1.9 km (1.2 mi) long with 2 stations (Sesto Restellone and Monza Bettola), entirely underground. The total cost will be €206 million.[12]

Station Name Transfer Grade
Sesto Restellone Underground
Monza Bettola Milano linea M5.svg Underground

An extension of the western branch from Bisceglie towards the city limits has been approved. The new stations will be located at Baggio, via Valsesia and at Quartiere Olmi. The national government will provide €210 million, while the total cost is estimated at €350 million.[13]

Station Name Transfer Grade
Valesia Underground
Baggio Underground
Quartiere Olmi Underground

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Metropolitana Milanese - Milano M1". Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
  2. ^ a b "Metrò rossa a rischio paralisi da cambiare un terzo dei treni". la Repubblica. 8 March 2012. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
  3. ^ "1964-2014, Milano festeggia 50 anni della linea 1 del metrò: "Così siamo diventati europei"". la Repubblica. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  4. ^ "ATM - Storia". Azienda Trasporti Milanesi. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Carta della mobilità 2011" (PDF). Azienda Trasporti Milanesi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Linea M1 di Milano: il nuovo segnalamento entra in attività durante il ponte del 1°novembre". I binari - CityRailways. 31 October 2011. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
  7. ^ "About us". FieraMilano. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "La storia della linea 1". Metropolitana Milanese Spa. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
  9. ^ Milan Opens Its First Metro International Railway Journal February 1965 page 22
  10. ^ "Milan Metro". metrobits.org. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  11. ^ Quattrone, Ilaria (15 January 2021). "Metro M1 fino a Monza, si sblocca il cantiere: ripartono i lavori a Sesto San Giovanni" (in Italian). FanPage.it. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  12. ^ Stella, Armando (14 March 2011). "Metrò per Monza, ad aprile primi cantieri". Corriere della Sera. Archived from the original on 21 June 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  13. ^ Dazzi, Zita (5 November 2019). "Arrivano i fondi per il prolungamento della M1 a Baggio: il governo stanzia 210 milioni". Repubblica. Retrieved 19 December 2019.

References[edit]