Milan Metro Line 5

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Garibaldi FS station
LocaleMilan, Italy
Connecting lines
TypeRapid transit
SystemMilan Metro
Operator(s)Azienda Trasporti Milanesi
Rolling stockAnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro
Daily ridership130,000 (October 2015)[1]
Ridership37 million (2022)[2]
Opened10 February 2013[3]
Line length12.9 km (8.0 mi)[4][5]
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC third rail
Operating speed30 km/h (19 mph) (average)
80 km/h (50 mph) (maximum)
Route map

Line 5 is an underground rapid transit line in Milan, Italy, part of the Milan Metro. The line, also known as M5 or the Lilac Line (Linea Lilla in Italian), is 12.8-kilometre (8.0 mi) long and goes through the city from the north to the north-west.[4] It opened in stages between 2013 and 2015.[3][6][5][7]

The line operates using AnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro vehicles.[8][9]


The line is fully underground, with a total length of 12.8 kilometres (8.0 mi) and serving 19 stations. It runs from Bignami to the north of the city to San Siro Stadio to the south-west in less than 26 minutes.[10]

Station name Transfer Opening
Bignami 10 February 2013
Ca’ Granda
Isola 1 March 2014
Garibaldi FS

Monumentale 11 October 2015[11]
Cenisio 20 June 2015[12]
Gerusalemme 26 September 2015[11]
Domodossola 29 April 2015
Tre Torri 14 November 2015
Portello 6 June 2015[12]
Lotto 29 April 2015
San Siro Ippodromo
San Siro Stadio




The line is equipped with a third-rail power supply at a voltage of 750 V in direct current. It is the first line in Milan with a fully automatic management and driving system, as well as the first to have platform screen doors. The entire line is controlled and managed by a single control centre, located at the depot at the Bignami terminus. The line is connected to the rest of the network by a track between Isola and Garibaldi FS stations, which allows trains to reach the M2 line and then the Precotto depot on the M1 line, the closest one that is able to carry out repairs.

The platforms and trains are 50 meters (164 ft 1 in) long, compared to 110 of the other three lines of the Milan Metro. However, thanks to very high frequencies the passenger capacity is high at 24,000 passengers per hour.[13] Although the complete automation allows a maximum frequency of one train every 90 seconds (75 in some cases), the current maximum frequency is 150 seconds due to the limited number of trains available.


The company responsible for construction works and operation is Metro 5 S.p.A., a consortium of:[14]

Metro 5 covered 40% of global construction costs[further explanation needed], and will operate the line for 27 years from the opening.[14]

Rolling stock[edit]

AnsaldoBreda driverless train in service in Milan.

The line uses 21 four-car articulated driverless trains from AnsaldoBreda[15] (now Hitachi Rail Italy), part of the AnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro system.

Classified Series 5500, they were designed by Giugiaro, and are about 50 meters (164 ft 1 in) long,[16] 2.65 meters (8 ft 8 in) wide, with seating for 96 and a maximum capacity 536 passengers.[17]

The systems are controlled by a fully automated computer system, located at the control and maintenance center.

Future extensions[edit]

A northern extension from Bignami to Monza has been approved. It will consist of 11 new stations and the opening is foreseen in 2027.[18]

Station name Transfer Grade
Testi-Gorky Underground
Monza Fs
Trento e Trieste
Villa Reale-Parco di Monza
Ospedale San Gerardo
Polo istituzionale

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Delrio sulla M5: "Esempio virtuoso di infrastruttura"". Milano Today. 26 October 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Tpl Milano, la metro 5 ha ricavi per 85 milioni. Passeggeri? +45%". AUTOBUS Web - La rivista del trasporto pubblico in Italia (in Italian). 17 April 2023. Retrieved 4 July 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Milano Metro's first driverless line inaugurated". Railway Gazette International. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Sostenibilità" [Sustainability] (in Italian). Metro 5 SpA. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  5. ^ a b Sadler, Katie (1 May 2015). "Milan Metro Line 5 extension begins driverless operation". Eurotransport. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Milano extends driverless Line M5". Railway Gazette International. 7 March 2014. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  7. ^ Chiandoni, Marco (1 May 2015). "Milan Line 5 extension opens". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  8. ^ "Milan Metro". Railway Age. March 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  9. ^ "500 million euro Italian metro deal". International Railway Journal. April 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  10. ^ "Connessione in corso: stiamo mettendo Milano in linea con il futuro". Metro5 S.p.A. Archived from the original on 1 January 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
  11. ^ a b "Milan to open Monumentale metro station with a party". Wanted in Milan. 9 October 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Two new M5 stations to open shortly". Wanted in Milan. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  13. ^ "Metro 5 – La linea lilla che collegherà Garibaldi a Monza". Metropolitana Milanese. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  14. ^ a b "Azienda" [Company] (in Italian). Metro 5 SpA. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Milano metro M5 extension contract signed". Railway Gazette International. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  16. ^ "Milan Line 5 The purple line connecting Garibaldi and Monza". Metropolitana Milanese S.p.A. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  17. ^ "Metro Milano Linea 5 Driverless". AnsaldoBreda. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  18. ^ "Cinisello, approvata collocazione della fermata della M5 in via Lincoln". 11 June 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2021."Stazione e duomo, nuove fermate per la linea 5 del metrò a Monza". 19 October 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2021.

External links[edit]