Mildenhall, Church of St Mary
Mildenhall shown within Suffolk
|Population||10,315  (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||75 mi (121 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||BURY ST. EDMUNDS|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
|UK Parliament||West Suffolk|
Mildenhall is a small market town and civil parish in Suffolk, England. It is part of the non-metropolitan district of Forest Heath and has a population of 9,906 people. The town is near the A11 and is located 60 km (37 mi) north-west of county town, Ipswich. The large Royal Air Force base, RAF Mildenhall as well as RAF Lakenheath, are located north of the town. The former is used by the United States Air Force, as the headquarters of its 100th Air Refueling Wing and 352nd Special Operations Group.
Mildenhall centres on a market place with a 16th-century hexagonal market cross and town pump. The town's market is held here on every Friday and originated as a weekly chartered market in, it is believed, the 15th century. In 1934, Mildenhall was the start point of the MacRobertson Air Race to Melbourne, in Australia.
Mildenhall is mentioned in passing in the Pink Floyd song 'Let There Be More Light' on the 1968 album A Saucerful of Secrets as a speculated location for first contact between humanity and extraterrestrial life:
- Then at last, the mighty ship
- Descending on a point of flame
- Made contact with the human race at Mildenhall
The town has a bus station which was completed in 2005. Regular bus services run to the neighbouring towns of Brandon, Bury St. Edmunds, Newmarket and Thetford. National Express operate daily coach services to Norwich, London (Victoria Coach Station), Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted Airports. Mildenhall railway station was the terminus of the Cambridge to Mildenhall railway until its closure in 1962.
Sport & leisure
There is a leisure centre on Bury Road which is about 5–10 minutes away from the town square.
Mildenhall is perhaps most famous for the discovery in 1942 of the Mildenhall Treasure. Now at the British Museum, the treasure is a hoard of Roman silver objects buried in the 4th century. In 1946 the discovery was made public and the treasure acquired by the British Museum; Roald Dahl wrote an article about the find which was published firstly in the Saturday Evening Post, and later as "The Mildenhall Treasure" (a short story) in his short story collection The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More. The Mildenhall Museum in the centre of the town contains displays of local history and wildlife, the history of the RAF base, and information on the Mildenhall Treasure. Entrance is free, opening times vary throughout the year. The region between Devil's Dyke and the line between Littleport and Shippea Hill shows a remarkable amount of archaeological findings of the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age.
- "Neighbourhood Statistics - Parish Headcounts". Retrieved 2008-05-13.
- Ordnance Survey (2006). OS Explorer Map 226 - Ely & Newmarket. ISBN 0-319-21857-0.
- "Born abroad: USA". BBC News. 2005-09-07. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- "The Mildenhall Treasure". Mildenhall Museum. Archived from the original on May 2, 2006. Retrieved May 4, 2006.
- Dahl, Roald (1995). The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More (5th ed.). London: Penguin Group. p. 215. ISBN 0-14-037348-9.
- "The Mildenhall Museum". Mildenhall and District Museum. Mildenhall Museum. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Hall, David (1994). Fenland survey : an essay in landscape and persistence / David Hall and John Coles. London; English Heritage. ISBN 1-85074-477-7., pp. 81-88.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Mildenhall.|