|Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota|
July 1, 1985 – September 8, 1985
|Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota|
|Preceded by||Edward Devitt|
|Succeeded by||Donald D. Alsop|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota|
April 28, 1966 – July 1, 1985
|Appointed by||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Preceded by||Dennis F. Donovan|
|Succeeded by||David S. Doty|
|22nd Attorney General of Minnesota|
January 3, 1955 – May 4, 1960
|Preceded by||Joseph A. A. Burnquist|
|Succeeded by||Walter Mondale|
Miles Welton Lord
November 6, 1919
Dean Lake, Minnesota
|Died||December 10, 2016 (aged 97)|
Eden Prairie, Minnesota
|Education||University of Minnesota (B.A.)|
University of Minnesota Law School (LL.B.)
Miles Welton Lord (November 6, 1919 – December 10, 2016) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota.
Education and career
Born November 6, 1919, in Dean Lake, Minnesota, Lord served in the United States Army Air Corps from 1944 to 1945. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1946 from the University of Minnesota and a Bachelor of Laws in 1948 from the University of Minnesota Law School. He entered private practice in Minneapolis, Minnesota from 1948 to 1951. He served as an Assistant United States Attorney for the District of Minnesota from 1951 to 1952, returning to private practice from 1952 to 1954. He served as Attorney General of Minnesota from 1955 to 1960, returning to private practice from 1960 to 1961. He was the United States Attorney for the District of Minnesota from 1961 to 1966. While in private practice, Lord founded Lord & Associates Law Office, which is still operated by his descendants.
Federal judicial service
Lord was nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson on February 10, 1966, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota vacated by Judge Dennis F. Donovan. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 28, 1966, and received his commission on April 28, 1966. He served as Chief Judge from 1981 to 1985. He assumed senior status on July 1, 1985. His service terminated on September 8, 1985, due to his retirement.
Lord was called an activist judge. His critics accuse him of using the law as a means to make corporations pay for the damages caused, both directly or indirectly, to people and to the environment.
In his first landmark and historic decision in 1973, when the Reserve Mining Company's processing plant at Silver Bay, Minnesota was dumping 47 tons of waste rock into Lake Superior every minute, Lord ultimately forced Reserve to stop dumping the pollutants, taconite tailings. In the Reserve Mining decision, Lord said, "This court cannot honor profit over human life." Later, he pursued the A. H. Robins Company for malpractice in issuing the Dalkon Shield intrauterine device, which was on sale from 1970 to 1974 and caused at least 18 deaths and thousands of injuries (350,000 women have claimed injury). It was chronicled in the book, Lord's Justice, by Robert Wagman and Sheldon Engelmayer.
The trial was for the injured, as he felt the deaths were too hard to "pinpoint the responsibility".
The whole cost-benefit analysis is warped. They say, well you can kill so many people if the benefits are great enough. Then they can take the benefits and circulate them through the given industry, they circulate them through the oil company, through the gasoline station, through the garage, the hardware store, the drugstore, the shoemaker, the grocery store, and if they don't have enough statistics there they just circulate them through a bunch of other businesses. Once they put a price on human life, all is lost. Life is sacred. Life is priceless.
Lord's rebuke to the corporate heads held them personally accountable. To settle seven lawsuits, he made Robins' top three executive sign a $4.6 million settlement agreement and personally held them liable. The company ended up paying more than $220 million in compensation and $13 million in punitive damages to thousands of plaintiffs. In 1980 in the case of Shyamala Rajender versus the University of Minnesota, Lord ordered the university to desist from discrimination against women.
Because of Lord's decisions in the Robbins case, a judicial review panel met to determine if there were errors on his professional and judicial conduct. Lord was cleared of wrongdoing and went on to serve another year until his retirement.
Post judicial service, family, and death
After his retirement from the federal bench, Lord returned to the private practice of law with Lord & Associates Law Office. He lived in Chanhassen, Minnesota. His son Jim Lord served in the Minnesota Senate and as Minnesota State Treasurer and died on June 6, 2008. His eldest daughter, Priscilla Lord, ran against satirist Al Franken in the Democratic Party primary in 2008 for the Senate seat held by Norm Coleman. Miles Lord, Jr. (Mick) served as a top assistant to State Auditor Robert W. Mattson Jr. and later managed the business affairs of the Miles Lord & Associates law office prior to his death on April 12, 2012. Miles' youngest daughter, Virginia, is a lawyer and real estate agent for Coldwell Banker Burnet in Wayzata, Minnesota. Lord died on December 10, 2016 in Eden Prairie, Minnesota.
- Engelmayer, Sheldon D. (September 22, 1985). Lord's Justice : One Judge's War Against the Infamous Dalkon Shield (New York Times Review). New York: Doubleday Publishing. ISBN 0385230516. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- Mintz, Morton (1985). At Any Cost: Corporate Greed, Women, And The Dalkon Shield. New York: Pantheon.
- Abstract: Morton Mintz (January 15, 1986). "A Crime Against Women: A.H. Robins and the Dalkon Shield". Multimedia Monitor. 7 (1). – Includes full text of presiding judge Miles Lord's statement to Clairbone Robins, et al., at bottom.
- Reviewed and summarised by: Tamar Lewin (January 12, 1986). "What Standards For Corporate Crime?". New York Times.
- Miles Welton Lord at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Miles Lord Attorney (Law Offices of Lord & Associates) webpage, accessed June 11, 2013.
- Radio, Minnesota Public. "MPR: Miles Lord remains an activist". news.minnesota.publicradio.org.
- "Judge Miles Lord: Still mining the case" Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
- "POLLUTION: The Classic Case". 6 May 1974 – via content.time.com.
- "The Case Against Corporate Crime". multinationalmonitor.org.
- Engelmayer, Sheldon; Wagman, Robert (1985). Lord's justice (1st ed.). Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press/Doubleday. ISBN 978-0385230513.
- Serrill, Michael S. (23 July 1984). "Law: A Panel Tries to Judge a Judge" – via content.time.com.
- ""AROUND THE NATION; Panel Dismisses Action Against Federal Judge", December 27, 1984".
- Staff, MPR News. "Judge Miles Lord remembered as the 'people's judge'".
Joseph A. A. Burnquist
| Minnesota Attorney General
Dennis F. Donovan
| Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota
David S. Doty
| Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota
Donald D. Alsop