This article is a summary of the closing milestones of the S&P 500 Index, a United States stock market index. Since opening at 16.66 on January 3, 1950, the S&P 500 has substantially increased despite several periods of decline.
Standard & Poor's, initially known as the Standard Statistics Company, created its first stock market index in 1923. It consisted of 233 different stocks and was computed on a weekly basis. Three years later, it developed a 90 component composite price index that was computed on a daily basis; that was expanded over the years. On March 4, 1957, the Standard & Poor's 500 (.INX) (.SPX) was introduced.
June 4, 1968: S&P 500 closes above 100 for the first time.
October 19, 1987: S&P 500 registers its largest daily percentage loss, falling 20.47 percent. The one-day crash, known as "Black Monday," was blamed on program trading and those using a hedging strategy known as portfolio insurance. Despite the losses, the S&P 500 still closed positive for the year.
March 24, 1995: The S&P 500 index closes above 500 for the first time. In exactly five years time, the S&P 500 tripled its value, and reached its peak prior to the dot-com bubble.
February 2, 1998: S&P 500 closes above 1,000 for the first time.
March 15, 1999: The S&P 500 closed above 1,300 for the first time. On the next day, the more commonly followed Dow Jones Industrial Average traded above 10,000 points for the first time.
March 24, 2000: The S&P 500 index reaches an all-time intraday high of 1,552.87 during the dot-com bubble.
October 9, 2007: Index closes at a record high of 1,565.15, the highest close prior to the 2008 financial crisis.
October 11, 2007: S&P 500 hits an intraday record high of 1,576.09.
October 13, 2008: S&P 500 marks its best daily percentage gain, rising 11.58 percent. It also registers its largest single-day point increase of 104.13 points.
December 31, 2008: For the year, S&P 500 falls 38.49 percent, its worst yearly percentage loss. In September 2008, Lehman Brothers collapsed as the financial crisis spread.
March 28, 2013: S&P 500 ends at 1,569.19, surpassing its previous record closing high set in 2007.
April 10, 2013: S&P 500 hits new all-time intraday record high at 1,589.07, surpassing the previous record of 1,576.09 set during trading on October 11, 2007.
May 3, 2013: S&P 500 closes above 1,600 for the first time, finishing at 1,614.42 after a much better-than-expected April U.S. non-farm payrolls report. The index also hit an all-time intraday high of 1,618.46.
August 1, 2013: S&P 500 closes above 1,700 for the first time, finishing at 1,706.87, as well as reaching an all-time intraday high of 1,707.85.
November 22, 2013: S&P 500 closes above 1,800 for the first time, finishing at 1,804.76 points.
May 23, 2014: S&P 500 closes above 1,900 for the first time, finishing at 1,900.53 points.
August 26, 2014: S&P 500 closes above 2,000 for the first time, finishing at 2,000.02 points.
February 17, 2015: S&P 500 closes above 2,100 for the first time, finishing at 2,100.34 points.
November 22, 2016: S&P 500 closes above 2,200 for the first time, finishing at 2,202.94 points.
February 9, 2017: S&P 500 closes above 2,300 for the first time, finishing at 2,307.87 points.
May 15, 2017: S&P 500 closes above 2,400 for the first time, finishing at 2,402.32 points.
The following is a list of the milestone closing levels of the S&P 500. 1-point increments are used up to the 20-point level; 2 to 50; 5 to 100; 10 to 500; 20 to 1,000; 50 to 3,000; and 100-point increments thereafter. Additional milestones may be used if necessary.
1This was the S&P 500's very first close on January 3, 1950. 2This was the S&P 500's close at the peak on February 9, 1966. 3This was the S&P 500's close at the peak on January 11, 1973 before the 1973–74 stock market crash. 4This was the S&P 500's close at the peak on November 28, 1980. 5This was the S&P 500's close at the peak on August 25, 1987 before the Black Monday stock market crash. 6This was the S&P 500's close at the peak on March 24, 2000 before the dot-com crash. 7This was the S&P 500's close at the peak on October 9, 2007 before the 2008 financial crisis. 8This was the S&P 500's close at the peak on May 21, 2015 before the 2015-16 stock market selloff. 9The S&P first crossed 2,300 during the day on January 26, 2017 before falling below the level at closing. After that, the S&P retreated away from the 2,300-pt milestone for a possible selloff in the next month. It took two weeks for the S&P to finally close above 2,300. 10The S&P first crossed 2,400 during the day on March 1, 2017 before falling below the level at closing. After that, the S&P retreated away from the 2,400-pt milestone and then closed within 1 point of the milestone on May 5, 2017. Then on May 8, 2017, the S&P traded above 2,400 intraday then closed below that milestone again and did it the third time the very next day. However, it took until May 15, 2017 for the S&P to finally close above 2,400.