|Elevation||461 m (1,512 ft)|
|Area||42.49 km2 (16.41 sq mi)|
|Density||218 / km2 (565 / sq mi)|
|Mayor||Ing. Ivan Radosta|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Milevsko (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmɪlɛfsko]; German: Mühlhausen) is a small town in the Czech Republic. It is situated 25 kilometres north-east of Písek. It has 9,528 inhabitants. There is a big machine factory ZVVZ (Závody na výrobu vzduchotechnických zařízení - The Factory for the Production of Air-technic Equipment).
Archeological excavations in the area have shown that the first people lived in the area in the Paleolithic. Together with other discoveries from the Bronze Age and the period of the Hallstatt Culture they serve as evidence that the place has been inhabited for a long time. During the Migration Period the area was slowly settled by Slavs, who started driving out native inhabitants (the first Slavic excavations date back to the 8th century).
The town was built on the crossroads of two merchants paths in the 12th century. The first written mention about Milevsko is from 1184 and it is about a rich person Jiří z Milevska (Yuri of Milevsko). Three years later a Premonstratensian monastery was built. The following years were the time of prosperity and the monastery was early one of the richest monasteries in the Bohemian Kingdom. Its breakdown is connected with a despoilment by the Hussites, who burnt it out in 1420.
In the 17th and 18th centuries the town was struck by the Black Death.
Until 1918, MÜHLHAUSEN BEI TABOR - MILEVSKO (previously MÜHLHAUSEN) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
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