Hwachae

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Hwachae
Omija punch 07.jpg
Omija-hwachae (magnolia berry punch)
Type Punch
Place of origin Korea
Associated national cuisine Korean cuisine
Similar dishes Sudan
Cookbook: Hwachae  Media: Hwachae
Korean name
Hangul 화채
Hanja 花菜
Revised Romanization hwachae
McCune–Reischauer hwach'ae
IPA [hwa.tɕʰɛ]

Hwachae (화채; 花菜) is a general term for traditional Korean punches, made with various fruits or edible flower petals. The fruits and flowers are soaked in honied water or honied magnolia berry juice.[1][2][3] In modern South Korea, carbonated drinks and/or fruit juices are also commonly added to hwachae.[4][5] Hwachae is often garnished with pine nuts before it is served.

Types[edit]

It is said that there are around thirty types of traditional hwachae.[2]

Fruit[edit]

Bae-hwachae (pear punch)
Milgam-hwachae (citrus punch)
Subak-hwachae (watermelon punch)
  • Aengdu-hwachae (앵두화채; "cherry punch") – made with Korean cherries and honied water.[6] It is associated with Dano, the fifth day of the fifth lunar month.
  • Bae-hwachae (배화채; "pear punch") – made with flower-shaped pieces of Korean pear and honied magnolia berry juice.[6]
  • Boksunga-hwachae (복숭아화채; "peach punch") – made with peach preserved in honey and sugared water.[1]
  • Chamoe-hwachae (참외화채; "melon punch") – made with Korean melon slices, cherries, celery slices, and honied magnolia berry juice.
  • Cheondoboksunga-hwachae (천도복숭아화채; "nectarine punch") – made with nectarine preserved in honey and sugared water.
  • Milgam-hwachae (밀감화채; "citrus punch") – also called gyul-hwachae (귤화채); made with citrus fruit—usually summer orange— pieces, in the fruit's juice mixed with lemon juice, sugar, and water.[6] It is a local specialty of Jeju Island, where summer oranges and most other citrus fruits are cultivated.[7]
  • Mogwa-hwachae (모과화채; "quince punch") – made with Chinese quince slices preserved with hardy mandarin slices in sugar and honied water, consumed after 20 days.
  • Omija-hwachae (오미자화채; "magnolia berry punch") – made with honied magnolia berry juice and decorative slices of Korean pear.
  • Podo-hwachae (포도화채; "grape punch") – made with peeled grape boiled in sugared water, cherries, and honied water.
  • Sagwa-hwachae (사과화채; "apple punch") – made with flower-shaped pieces of apple and honied magnolia berry juice.
  • Sansa-hwachae (산사화채; "hawthorn punch") – made with jellied mountain hawthorn, called sansa-pyeon, sliced and floated in honied water.
  • Santtalgi-hwachae (산딸기화채; "raspberry punch") – made with Korean raspberries and honied water. It is associated with Yudu, the fifteenth day of the sixth lunar month.
  • Subak-hwachae (수박화채; "watermelon punch") – made with scooped or sliced watermelon pieces, bits of other fruits, ice cubes, and honied watermelon juice. It is a popular summertime refreshment.[5][8]
  • Ttalgi-hwachae (딸기화채; "strawberry punch") – made with strawberries.[1]
  • Yuja-hwachae (유자화채; "yuja punch") – made with yuja and Korean pear, both thinly julienned, and pomegranate and honied water.[1]

Flower[edit]

Flower petals are coated with mung bean starch and blanched, cooled in ice water, and drained before being put in hwachae.[1] Flower hwachae is usually topped with pine nuts.

  • Jangmi-hwachae (장미화채; "rose punch") – made with rose petals and honied magnolia berry juice.[1]
  • Jindallae-hwachae (진달래화채; "rhododendron punch") – made with Korean rhododendron petals and honied magnolia berry juice.[6] It is associated with Samjinnal, the third day of the third lunar month.[2]
  • Songhwa-hwachae (송화화채; "pine pollen punch") – also called songhwa-su (송화수) or songhwa-milsu (송화밀수); made with dried pollen of Korean red pine and honied water.[6] It is a local specialty of Gangwon Province.
  • Sunchae-hwachae (순채화채; "water-shield punch") – made with water-shield leaves and honied water or honied magnolia berry juice.

Noodle[edit]

  • Changmyeon (창면; "noodle punch") – cool dessert for summer, consisting of noodles made with mung bean starch and omija juice.[2]
  • Hwamyeon (화면; "flower noodle punch") – cool noodle soup almost similar to changmyeon except the addition of edible flower petals.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Kind of Eumcheongryu: Hwachae (Honeyed juice mixed with fruits)". Food in Korea. Korea Agro-Fisheries Trade Corporation. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 21 May 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c d Yoon, Sook-ja (Summer 2005). "Hwachae: Refreshing Beverages to Beat the Summer Heat" (PDF). Koreana (19). pp. 76–79. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Jung, Alex (13 July 2017). "Best Korean drinks -- from banana milk to hangover juice". CNN Travel. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  4. ^ Goh, Kenneth (20 December 2015). "Toast the festive season: Five cocktail recipes". The Straits Times. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Ro, Hyo-sun (18 July 2014). "Hwachae (Korean traditional fruit punch)". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Hwachae" 화채. Doopedia (in Korean). Doosan Corporation. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  7. ^ Kim, Dakota (4 August 2015). "5 Cooling Korean Punches to Soothe Your Heat Stroke". Paste. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  8. ^ Lee, Christine (20 July 2017). "Beat the summer heat with a Korean-styled watermelon punch — subak hwachae". The Daily Californian. Retrieved 4 August 2017.