Military Aviation Museum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
US Air Force hangar and main building at the Military Aviation Museum

Coordinates: 36°40′44″N 76°01′41″W / 36.6788°N 76.0281°W / 36.6788; -76.0281

Military Aviation Museum
Established 2005
Location Virginia Beach Airport, Virginia Beach, Virginia
1341 Princess Anne Road
Type Aviation museum
Collection size Over 65 vintage airplanes
Director Mike Potter [1]
Website http://www.militaryaviationmuseum.org/

The Military Aviation Museum in Virginia Beach, Virginia, is home to one of the world's largest collections of warbirds in flying condition. It includes examples from Germany, France, Italy, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States, from both World War I and World War II, although the complete collection ranges from the 1910s to the early 1950s.

Its mission is to "preserve, restore and fly these historic aircraft and to allow a new generation to experience and learn from what [their forebears] might have endured ... in the skies so very far from home." [2]

Unlike most other collections, which are displayed in a static museum environment, almost all of the historic aircraft at the Museum have been restored to flying condition. In twice-yearly major airshows (one in the spring for World War II planes, and one in the fall for WWI), as well as other special events, the aircraft fly again for the public to view and experience.

The collection also includes a large reference library, along with artifacts and materials to illustrate the historic context of the aircraft in the collection. [3]

History[edit]

The Museum was founded by Gerald "Jerry" Yagen in 2005, and the museum's hangars were opened to the public in 2008. He had been collecting and restoring warbirds since the mid-1990s, starting with the Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawk, so the creation of a museum to share the collection with the public was the logical next step. [4]

Difficultes in 2013[edit]

In June 2013 it was reported that the museum and its collection of planes was to be sold off, due to some financial difficulties which Mr. Yagen's business was then experiencing; he was selling his vocational schools business, and no longer had the resources to finance the Museum.[5]

An article in the The Virginian-Pilot reported that Mr. Yagen had said "I'm subsidizing it heavily every year and my business no longer allows me to do that financially, and therefore I don't have a solution for it".[6]

However, the announced sale of the museum and aircraft was premature; it was announced only a week later that "the museum won't close soon, some of the facility's planes ... may have to go to keep the operation aloft" and "'we are still open for business and business is normal'".[7]

Several aircraft were indeed sold at that point (see below), but both Mr. Yagen's businesses, and the Museum, are now operating normally.[8] Since the sales in 2013, additional aircraft (including a projected replacement de Havilland Dragon Rapide) have been acquired and are under restoration to fly.

Facilities[edit]

The Museum is housed at its own small private grass airfield, the Virginia Beach Airport, in the Pungo area of Virginia Beach, Virginia.

The complex includes two display hangars (one on each side of the main museum building) in one group of buildings, and in another group, a replica World War I-era wooden hangar, a maintenance hangar (entirely new, but an exact replica of a 1937 Works Progress Administration design), a restored authentic pre-WW II Luftwaffe metal hangar, and a set of three identical storage hangars painted to resemble British World War II hangars. [9] [10] [11]

Restored original Luftwaffe hangar

The Luftwaffe hangar was built in 1934 at Cottbus Air Base; after the base was closed during the re-unification of Germany, the Museum obtained the hangar in 2004. It was dismantled and shipped to Virginia Beach and construction started in 2010 and finished in fall of 2012 at the Museum where it now houses the Museum's Luftwaffe aircraft. [12] [13] [14]

Also underway is a control tower, a re-erection of a genuine ex-8th AAF World War II tower from RAF Goxhill. A two-story brick and concrete structure, built to Air Ministry drawing 518/40, it was completely disassembled, labeled and shipped to Virginia. It is currently being assembled at the Museum's airfield where it will be used as an operational tower. In the UK, some similar towers are now historically protected; when rebuilt, this will be the only such original control tower in the US. [15] [16]

The complex also includes a large orange and white checked water tower, which is visible from a considerable distance and provides a useful landmark for both ground and air travelers.

At the entrance to museum there is also a large dinosaur park. It is free to walk around in.

Restorations and Reproductions[edit]

Some of the aircraft obtained in an un-restored state are handled at the Museum's related repair facility, the Fighter Factory (below); others are restored elsewhere, by contractors with specialized capabilities, including:

The Museum is also connected to the Aviation Institute of Maintenance, which is currently building a small fleet of various World War I replicas, as an exercise for the students, to add to the Museum's collection. The current batch includes a Morane Saulnier AI,[17] a Nieuport 11, a Nieuport 17, a Nieuport 24, a Sopwith Pup, a Sopwith Camel, a Sopwith 1½ Strutter, and a deHavilland D.H.2.[18][19]

The Fighter Factory[edit]

Fighter Factory facility in the maintenance hangar at the Military Aviation Museum

Associated with the Museum is an aircraft restoration and maintenance organization, called The Fighter Factory, started in 1996 to restore the collection's first aircraft (the P-40E). [4]

It was originally located at Norfolk Airport, and later moved to premises at the Suffolk Municipal Airport in Suffolk, Virginia. It currently operates two facilities: the one in Suffolk, and a new facility (in the purpose-built hangar) at the Museum. [14] [20]

Visitors to the Museum can take a guided tour of the Fighter Factory hangar (during weekdays) at the Museum, and view the team of maintenance technicians performing tasks such as regular maintenance and minor restoration work on the aircraft of the collection.

Airplane Rides[edit]

The museum also offers guest to have the chance to go up in one of their airplanes. Currently you can book an airplane ride in the Waco YMF-5 or the museum's Stearman N2S-3. Both of the aircraft are open cockpit biplanes.

Aircraft on display[edit]

Post-WWII aircraft[edit]

American
  • Beechcraft T-34A Mentor - The Museum's instance, serial number G-778, was produced in 1956, and apparently passed out of military service in 1966. Over the years it has been upgraded to the T-34B configuration, with a new engine; it was acquired by the Museum in August 2000.[21][22]
  • Douglas AD-4 Skyraider - The Museum's aircraft (BuNo. 123827) was built in 1949, and saw three tours in Korea with several different squadrons. After spending 10 years as a static display in Atlanta, in 1966 it was purchased and restored to flying condition; the Museum acquired it in 2000.[23][24]
  • North American T-28D Trojan - The Museum's, serial number 49-1634, was built in 1949, and rebuilt into a D model, with the underwing hardpoints, in 1951. Transferred to the Zaire Air Force in 1971, it saw service with them until 1997, and came to the Museum in August 2000.[25][26]
British
Russian
  • Lavochkin La-9 Fritz - The museum's example, c/n 828, is the only known flyable survivor (of 6 airframes worldwide). It apparently saw service in Korea with the Chinese Air Force, and was retired to a display role; starting in 1986, a decade of discussions eventually bore fruit and brought it to the West. After another decade of restoration, it finally flew again in 2010.[28][29]
  • Yakovlev Yak-55 (Currently not on display)- The Museum's was purchased in February 2001 from the factory, where it had been built in 1990; the plane had been kept at the factory, for use in their flying club and by employees.[30][citation needed]

Italian

  • Fiat G.46-3B - It was delivered to the Italian Air Force in 1950 and released in July 1961. It was later exported into the United States on June 15, 1972. The plane was purchased in the Spring of 2015.[31]

World War II aircraft[edit]

American
  • Bell P-63 Kingcobra (static display) - The Museum's P-63A-10-BE (s/n 42-70609) is one of a group which were engaged against Japanese forces at the end of World War II in Far Eastern Russian territory; several were found there after 60 years of open storage. Although the Museum has located the rare Allison engine for this aircraft, no restoration is currently planned, as it has significant internal corrosion and would need to be completely rebuilt.[32]
US Navy hangar, location of the Catalina, along with other US Navy planes
  • PBY-5A Catalina - The Museum's PBY-5, Bureau Number 48294, was built in 1943, and served in a variety of locations around the Atlantic during World War II and with the Coast Guard after the war. Leaving government service in 1956, it then had a long and colorful civilian career, including stints as a fuel tanker in Alaska, and was eventually seized by the US Government for drug smuggling. It was purchased by the Museum in England in 2001.[33][34]
  • Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawk - This particular aircraft, serial number 41-35918, was built in 1941 and sent to the UK as a Lend-Lease item; it was passed along to the Russians in April, 1942, and lost in action while protecting Murmansk. It stayed on the tundra where it had landed for almost 50 years, and was recovered in 1992; acquired by the Museum's founder in 1996, it finally flew again in 2003.[4][35][36]
  • Douglas A-26B Invader (under restoration) - The Museum's was built in 1945, but not much is known about the military history of this plane. After being stored in Texas for a number of years, it was purchased in 1996, and trucked to the Fighter Factory for total restoration.[37]
  • Fairchild PT-19A-FA - The Museum's, serial number 42-83643 (T43-7230), was ordered in 1942, built in Hagerstown, Maryland in 1943, and delivered to the Air Force on February 23, 1944. It had a very short military life, being listed as "disposed as surplus" on September 7, 1944. Little is known of its life after that; it was purchased from a company in Texas in November, 2013.
  • Grumman FM-2 Wildcat - The Museum's example, an FM-2 variant built under license by GM (based on Grumman's XF4F-8 prototype), was produced in 1944. It saw service in the Philippines, and in July, 1945 was transferred to a small training field in Pungo (not the same location as the Virginia Beach Airport, though); it entered private hands in 1952, and came to the Museum in 2010. It is thought to be the most original F4F in existence.[38][39][40]
  • Grumman TBM-3E Avenger - GM's Eastern Aircraft Division became a second source for the Avenger, eventually building over 7,500, around three-quarters of the total production of this type; the Museum's, BuNo. 53454, came from this source in 1945. Although sent to the Philippines, it does not appear to have seen active service; before being surplused in 1956, it accumulated only 1,227 hours. It then saw duty as a fire "bomber" in Idaho; restoration commenced in 1998, and it was acquired by the Museum in 2001.[41][42][43]
  • Naval Aircraft Factory N3N - The N3N open-cockpit tandem primary trainer was the last biplane in US military service; this example is BuNo. 2892, aircraft registration N120BH, built in 1941, and sold off to civilian use in October, 1943. Having not flown since the 1950s, it was acquired by the Museum in 2007, part of a group of N3N's found in a barn, and restoration was completed in 2011.[44][45][46][47]
  • B-25J Mitchell - The Museum's, B-25J-25/27-NC serial number 44-30129 "Wild Cargo", was built in late 1944; surplused in 1958, it passed through several hands (once for as little as $500), before ending its flying in 1963 after a dual engine and landing gear failure. Bought by the Museum in 1997, after a complete restoration it finally flew again in November, 2005.[48][49]
  • North American P-51D Mustang - The premier American ground-based fighter of World War II; this example, serial number 44-72483 was built in 1945, and sent to the UK to join the Eighth Air Force. In 1947 it went to the Swedish Air Force, and then through several others until entering private ownership in 1972, being acquired by the Museum in 2004.[4][50][51]
  • North American P-64 - This example is a replica, built from an SNJ-4, and finished in 2001; after a complex history including a spell at the Tulsa Air and Space Museum and a forced landing due to a failed engine, it was acquired by the Museum in 2014.[52]
  • North American SNJ-2 (Currently not on display) - A early variant of the basic North American NA-16 advanced trainer, first flown in 1935.[53]
  • North American AT-6 Texan - The museum's was built in 1958 and departed the military record in 1963.[54]
  • Piper NE-1 Glimpy - It was designed in World War II to be dropped from a blimp to take photos and to do other tasks.[54]
  • Stinson L-5 Sentinel - This small high-wing utility aircraft, capable of short unimproved airstrip operations, was the second most common light observation aircraft of the war, after the Piper L-4 Cub. Capable of taking off in as little as 50 feet when using full flaps, they could operate out of almost any small field.[55]
  • Vought FG-1D Corsair - A F4U-1D (Corsair Mk IV) produced by Goodyear in May 1945, the museum's Corsair, BuNo. 92508, apparently spent much of its military career in storage; it is one the lowest time Corsairs known. After 13 years with the military, it passed into private ownership, coming to the Museum in 1999.[4][56][57]
Axis
  • CASA 352L (Junkers Ju 52) - The Museum's is a post-war example built by CASA under license at their plant in Getafe, Spain, under their type designation CASA 352L. Once thought to be serial number 67 (built in May 1950), matching data plates in the cabin and on the outside of the fuselage revealed it to actually be serial number 77, built in January 1949. Assigned identification number T2B 176 by Spanish Air Force, they surplused it in November, 1976, when it was sold to the legendary Confederate Air Force. Grounded for 8 years in 1990 by engine problems, it was converted to P&W Wasp engines, and acquired by the Museum in 2010.[58][59][60]
British
Mosquito KA114 taxiing after landing during an airshow at the Museum
  • de Havilland Mosquito - The Museum's example, a Canadian-built FB Mk 26, serial number KA114, was constructed in early 1945, never left Canada and was surplussed in April 1948. The farmer who bought it took it to his farm in Alberta, where it sat outside in a field until August 1978. After passing unrestored through another warbird collection, restoration (including building of new fuselage and wings, as the existing ones were too deteriorated) began in January 2005 in New Zealand, continuing through until 2012. Its first post-restoration flight was on September 27 of that year.[61][62][63][64]
  • Hawker Hurricane Mk XIIB - This example (serial # 5667, construction # 56022) was built in Canada in 1943, never left Canada during the war, and was surplused in October, 1946. It was recovered from a farm in Saskatchewan in 1965; after a long restoration, it finally flew again in May, 1994, and came to the museum in 2001, in almost completely original condition.[65][66][67]
  • Supermarine Mk IXE Spitfire - The Museum's, serial number MJ730, was produced in December, 1943, and went on to serve in North Africa, Italy, Corsica, Greece, and Yugoslavia. Post-war it wound up in Israel, where it eventually became a dilapidated playground attraction in an Israeli kibbutz, from where it was rescued in 1978. Restoration was finally completed in 1988, and the Museum acquired it in 1999.[68][69][70]
German
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 - Back by popular demand, the Museum has added another Fw 190 after selling a previous A-8 in 2013. In December 2014, the Museum acquired this plane as a Flugwerks Kit with a serial number of 990005.[71]
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 "Blue 4" (to be restored) - The Museum's example, "Blue 4", serial number 732183, built in July–August 1944, was lost on February 9, 1945, defending against an Allied raid in Norway. It was recently recovered from where it had crashed.[72]
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190-D9 - The Museum's, serial number 210079, is a recent replica from a German company, Flugwerk, built under sub-contract by Aerostar SA of Bacau, Romania; it was purchased by the Museum in 2012.[73]
  • Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun - The museum's was built in 1945. It was purchased in August 2004 from Albany, New York.[74][75][76]
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 - The Museum's was assembled from five wrecks which were recovered from Russia over a period of three years before 2011; a substantial portion of the plane was part of a Bf-109 built in 1939 as an E-3 variant, serial number 2023, and later converted to a E-7 with a long-range tank, which was shot down near Murmansk in May, 1942. It was restored to a G-4 variant. It is painted for Klaus Quaet-Faslem from JG 3.[77][78]
  • Messerschmitt Me 208 - The Museum's was built in 1946 under license from the Messerschmitt Aircraft Company as a Nord 1101. The Nord 1101s were used as communications aircraft through the 1970s. The museum acquired the aircraft in August 2004. It is painted as "Yellow 14" from JG 53 "Ace of Spades".[74][76][79]
  • Messerschmitt Me 262 (Currently located in Suffolk)- The Museum's is a recently built replica, produced by the Me 262 Project, Me 262 A/B-1c serial number 501243. It was completed in 2011, and is powered by General Electric CJ610 engines (the civilian variant of the General Electric J85).[80][81]
Russian
  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 - The Museum's aircraft was the first MiG-3 to fly in 60 years, in a public display at the Moscow Air Show, after which it was brought to the Museum.[82][83]
  • Polikarpov Po-2 Mule - The Museum's example, discovered in a forest outside Vladivostok and restored in Russia, is one of few remaining examples of the most-produced military aircraft in history; over 40,000 were produced during its long production run, 1928-1953.[84][85]
  • Polikarpov I-153 - The Museum's example was built in 1938, serial number 6316; it was found in a swamp outside of Murmansk, and was restored in Russia in 1998; the Museum acquired it in December, 2002.[86][87]
  • Polikarpov I-16 Rata - The Museum's was built in late 1939, and assigned identity number White #28; it was recovered in the early 1990s from a crash site in Karelia near the Finnish border.[88][89]
  • Yakovlev Yak-3M - The one in the Museum is actually a replica, using an Allison engine, built in 1991 at the Yakovlev factory using original parts and dies.[90][91]

Inter-War aircraft[edit]

American
  • P-26D Peashooter - The Museum's P-26 (s/n 32-06) is a replica (one of 5 currently in existence, along with 2 originals), built in Bolton, Massachusetts, and completed in 2006; it was acquired by the Museum in 2009. It is not a precise replica, including several minor changes for safety and performance, such as a slightly different wing airfoil shape; hence the 'D' type designation.[92][93][94][95]
  • Stearman N2S-3 - The Museum's was acquired when the founder, Mr. Yagen, was looking for a training aircraft to learn how to handle tail wheel airplanes (the usual configuration for World War II-period aircraft); it was purchased over the phone in the winter of 1997, one of the Museum's first acquisitions. This particular aircraft had recently been restored to its original condition.[4][96]
  • Waco YMF-5 - The museum's example is a replica, built in 1989, after they were returned to production in March 1986, by WACO Classic Aircraft.[97]
British
German
Russian
  • Polikarpov I-15bis - The Museum's example is believed to be the only example remaining; it was found wrecked in Northern Russia, and fully restored and flying again by July, 2001.[108][109]

World War I Aircraft[edit]

Replica World War I hangar at the Museum

(All are replicas except for the Curtiss Jenny)

American
  • Curtiss JN-4D "Jenny" - The Museum's Jenny (s/n 34135) is an original, built by the St. Louis Aircraft Company (of St. Louis, naturally), completed on 8 May 1918, and delivered to the U.S. Army Signal Corps. Some time later, it passed into civilian hands, and then went through numerous owners (including being in storage from 1935-1957, prior to a restoration), finally being acquired by the Museum in 2013. It arrived at the museum in the Spring of 2014.[110][111]
British
French
  • Morane-Saulnier AI - (Under restoration) Replica. Built by the Aviation Institute of Maintenance (Kansas City). It arrived at the museum in October, 2015 and was found that it needed some additional restoration before it will be added to display in the collection. That restoration is currently underway.[120]
  • Nieuport XI - Replica. Arrived at the museum in July 2010[121][122][123]
  • Nieuport 17 - Replica[122]
  • S.P.A.D. S.XIII - Replica- 2004 (Now hanging on the ceiling of the WWI hangar)[124][125][126][127]
German

Pre-World War I Aircraft[edit]

American
French
  • Blériot XI - Replica. This one is a single seat model that is currently not airworthy[144][145]
  • Blériot XI - Replica. The museum also owns a second Blériot XI that is a two-seat model. It also had its first flight September 15, 2016.

German Prototypes[edit]

The museum houses a collection of WWII German Prototypes or X-Planes (All Static Displays). These aircraft are replicas but some of them have been built containing original parts.[146] The Germans built a lot of Prototypes during but mostly at the end of the war as last resort efforts.

  • Blohm & Voss "Mistletoe" - One of the last efforts of the Germans to regain air control. It was designed in the winter of 1944/45. This replica was constructed by Holgar Bull in Germany. It arrived at the museum in April 2015 [147]
  • Fliegende Panzerfaust - Designed to be towed by a Messerschmidt Bf109, it was designed to ram into enemy aircraft. This replica was constructed by Holgar Bull in Germany. It arrived at the museum in April 2015.[148]
  • BMW TLJ-2- Strahljäger Projekt II- Only a prototype, but during the second war BMW developed designs that included jet engines developed by BMW. This replica was constructed by Holgar Bull in Germany. It arrived at the museum in April 2015.[148]
  • Lippisch P.13a - A German prototype.
  • Messerschmitt Me 328- A German prototype.[149]
  • Arado E.580- A German prototype.
  • Hütter Hü 136- A German prototype. It was delivered to the museum in October 2016.

Artifacts[edit]

  • Hispano-Suiza 8C - A Spanish-designed engine commonly referred-to as "the Rolls-Royce Merlin of the First World War" out of respect for its technological advancement, superior performance and overall importance, it so greatly exceeded (by a factor of ten times) French testing standards of the period that they had no choice but to allow its adoption. The "Hisso" powered almost every high-performance allied fighter plane of the First World War - including all French Spads. Certain variants (including one that equipped the Spad VII) allowed weapons as large and powerful as 37mm cannon to be fired through their propeller hubs, thus side-stepping any need to synchronize their firing with the propeller's movement. The engine itself consisted of an ultra-lightweight aluminum monobloque with steel-sleeved cylinders, enabling it the strongest power-to-weight ratio of any engine built during the First World War.
  • Laister-Kauffman TG-4A - A tandem 2-seat sailplane produced in the U.S. during World War II for training cargo glider pilots; it was a conventional sailplane design with a steel tube fuselage and wooden wings and tail, skinned all over in fabric.[150]
  • Grunau Baby II - An advanced glider widely used in the 1930s to train pilots for what was to become the Luftwaffe (German military aviation being prohibited at that point by the Treaty of Versailles). The Museums' (werknummer 030340) was built in 1942, and acquired by the Museum in the spring of 2014; it is under restoration by a group of volunteers.[151]
  • Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 - An unmanned flying bomb, the first jet-powered aircraft in history to be used as an offensive weapon. The Museum's was found in a tunnel in Poland after German reunification in 1989; it is fully functional, and is the only one known which retains its radio homing device.[152]
  • Thompson Mk V Refueller - Created specifically as specialized vehicles for refueling aircraft, this example was built in 1938 by Thompson Brothers Ltd of Bilston, Staffordshire, England and was actually used at the famous RAF North Weald airfield during the Battle of Britain.[153][154]
  • Hucks starter - The first mechanical aid to starting aircraft engines, they were based on Ford Model Ts, and later on Model TT trucks. This one is based on a 1918 Model TT, using a period-correct Muncie auxiliary transmission.[154][155]
  • Packard Merlin engine - American-produced copy of the famous Rolls-Royce Merlin, the engine that equipped almost every high-performance allied (liquid-cooled-engined) fighter, bomber and fighter-bomber of the war. Packard-built Merlins powered the North American P-51 Mustang.
  • Flak 37 88mm gun - Without a doubt the most deadly and effective combined anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapon of World War II. Employed in the anti-tank role for the first time by Erwin Rommel during his thrust across France in May of '40, it became a primary means through which he was able to hold numerically-superior allied tank forces in-check through years of fighting in North Africa. Able to throw a shell to a ceiling in excess of 30,000 feet, it also accounted for the bulk of accurate flak encountered by allied bomber forces during their raids into Germany in '43 and '44.
  • AEC Routemaster 1962 British double-decker bus[156][157]
  • Messerschmitt KR200 three-wheel microcar[91]
  • OQ-19D Target Drone
  • Enigma Machine- The museum has an Enigma Machine that would have been used by the Germans for communication.

Deaccessioned planes[edit]

When the Museum's founder ran into financial difficulties in the summer of 2013, a number of the planes at the Museum were deaccessioned:

World War II
  • B-17 - The Museum's, serial number 44-8543, was built in 1944 by the Vega Aircraft Corporation in Burbank; it apparently never went overseas, apparently being used for testing and training. Originally it was equipped as a 'pathfinder', with the top secret BTO (Bombing Through Overcast) radar in place of the usual belly ball turret. After a long career with the government, it was sold in 1959, and was used in a number of commercial roles. Eventually, a collector purchased it in 1979, and restored it to its military configuration; it was acquired by the Museum in 2010.[158][159][160][161]
  • North American SNJ-4 - The Museum's SNJ-4 was delivered to the Navy in January 1943, and had a somewhat unusual life: it was assigned to Dutch Harbor in the Aleutian Islands for operational use. It was surplused in 1946, and then went to the South African Air Force, who used it until 1995; in 1996 it returned to the US.[4][22][162]
  • Ryan PT-22 - A military version of the Ryan ST, it served the Army Air Corps as a primary trainer, the first monoplane in this role (all prior primary trainers having been biplanes).[163]
  • Fieseler Fi-156 Storch - The Museum's example was produced at the Morane-Saulnier plant in Puteaux, France, where Storch production was moved so the Fiesler works could concentrate on Fw 190 production. Apparently started during the German occupation, but completed post-war in 1947, on order for the French military (under the name Morane-Saulnier MS-500 Criquet), with dual serial numbers 2631 (German) and 751 (French), it was surplused from them in 1966, and acquired by the Museum in 2001.[164][165][166]
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8/M - This particular example was a recent replica from a German company, Flugwerk, serial number 550476, built under sub-contracted by Aerostar SA of Bacau, Romania. It was purchased by the Museum in 2005, but so heavily modified (cooling, oil system) to make its Dongan HS7 engine run reliably that it has been renamed a "Fw 190 A-8/M", from its original "Fw 190 A-8/N" designation; it finally arrived at the Museum in March, 2011. [167][168][169][170]
Inter-War
World War I

Departed loan aircraft[edit]

The Museum occasionally has aircraft which have been loaned to it; this section lists those which have since departed the Museum.

  • Aichi D3A "Val" - The Museum's is a replica (very few Vals survived the war), based on a Vultee BT-13A airframe, constructed as one of a batch of 9 for the movie Tora! Tora! Tora!.[177]
  • Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a - Notably, the first fighter airplane of the First World War built to be repaired - instead of destroyed - when damaged. The SE-5a was produced in large numbers and was considered by its pilots to be one of the war's best overall fighter planes - easy to handle on take-off and landing, with a very high speed, good maneuverability and fair firepower - one vickers machinegun firing through the propeller arc and a second (lewis) mounted above the top wing.[178]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2015, Vol. 8 No. 1, pg. 2
  2. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 3
  3. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2010, Vol. 3 No. 1, pg.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Prop Noise", Fall 2008, Vol. 1 No. 1, pg. 3
  5. ^ http://www.warbirdsnews.com/warbird-news/first-confirmed-warbird-sales-jerry-yagen-military-aviation-museum.html
  6. ^ 'Va. Beach museum owner selling plane collection', June 24, 2013; Retrieved: 19 May 2014
  7. ^ 'Va. Beach aviation museum owner: We're fine for now', June 30, 2013; Retrieved: 19 May 2014
  8. ^ 'Jerry Yagen: The mystery man and his flying machines', January 20, 2014; Retrieved: 19 May 2014
  9. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2009, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 1-3
  10. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2010, Vol. 3 No. 1, pp. 2-3
  11. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2011, Vol. 4 No. 1, pg. 6
  12. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 10
  13. ^ Warbirds 2013, p. 43
  14. ^ a b "Prop Noise", Winter 2009, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 3-4
  15. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2009, Vol. 2 No. 1, pg. 4
  16. ^ Warbirds 2013, p. 49
  17. ^ Logan Howk (2015-07-13), 1917 Morane-Saulnier AI- AIM KC, retrieved 2017-02-01 
  18. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 33
  19. ^ "Change of Plans - Aviation Institute of Maintenance". Aviation Institute of Maintenance. 2012-06-24. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  20. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2010, Vol. 3 No. 1, pg. 2
  21. ^ Beechcraft T34B Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  22. ^ a b Warbirds 2012, p. 15
  23. ^ AD-4 Skyraider Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  24. ^ a b Warbirds 2012, p. 39
  25. ^ North American T-28D "Trojan" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  26. ^ a b Warbirds 2012, p. 16
  27. ^ de Havilland DHC-1 "Chipmunk" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  28. ^ Lavochkin La-9 Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  29. ^ Warbirds 2011, p. 34
  30. ^ Yak-55 Retrieved: 8 September 2012
  31. ^ Warbirds 2015, p. 50
  32. ^ Bell P-63 "Kingcobra" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  33. ^ PBY-5A "Catalina" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  34. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 18
  35. ^ Curtiss P-40E Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  36. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 12
  37. ^ A26-Invader Retrieved: 23 June 2012
  38. ^ FM-2 Wildcat Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  39. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 35
  40. ^ "Prop Noise", Spring 2009, Vol. 2 No. 2, pp. 1-2
  41. ^ TBM-3E "Avenger" Retrieved: 23 June 2012
  42. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 13
  43. ^ "Prop Noise", Spring 2009, Vol. 2 No. 2, pg. 4
  44. ^ N.A.F. N3N-3 "Canary" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  45. ^ 1941 Naval Aircraft Factory N3N Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  46. ^ "Prop Noise", Summer 2011, Vol. 4 No. 3, pg. 5
  47. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2012 2011, Vol. 5 No. 1, pg. 3
  48. ^ B-25J Mitchell Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  49. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 32
  50. ^ P-51 Mustang Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  51. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 30
  52. ^ Warbirds 2014, p. 20
  53. ^ North American SNJ-2 Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  54. ^ a b Warbirds 2016, p. 20
  55. ^ Stinson L5-E "Sentinel" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  56. ^ FG-1D "Corsair" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  57. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 17
  58. ^ Junkers Ju 52 "Tante Ju" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  59. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 41
  60. ^ "Prop Noise", Fall 2010, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 3-4
  61. ^ Mosquito - Restoration Project Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  62. ^ Avspecs - Aircraft Progress Reports Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  63. ^ Mosquito to Buzz Again Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  64. ^ Stuart Howe, Mosquito: The Survivors, Aston Publications, Bourne End, 1986; pp. 74-75.
  65. ^ Hawker Hurricane Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  66. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 38
  67. ^ Hawker Hurricane Registry Retrieved 30 May 2014
  68. ^ Supermarine Spitfire Archived 2016-03-24 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  69. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 7
  70. ^ Morgan and Shacklady, Spitfire: The History, Key Publishing, Stamford, 1987; pg. 348 indicates that all MJ series machines were LF IX's
  71. ^ Warbirds 2015, p. 38
  72. ^ Warbirds 2014, p. 19
  73. ^ Warbirds 2013, p. 19
  74. ^ a b Warbirds 2012, p. 27
  75. ^ Messerschmitt Bf 108 "Taifun" Retrieved: 8 September 2012
  76. ^ a b Warbirds 2015, p. 41
  77. ^ Messerschmitt Bf 109 Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  78. ^ Messerschmitt Bf 109 - Restoration Project Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  79. ^ Messerschmitt Me208 Aircraft Retrieved: 8 September 2012
  80. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 9
  81. ^ Me 262 Project Aircraft Profiles Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  82. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 26
  83. ^ MiG-3 Aircraft Retrieved: 8 September 2012
  84. ^ Polikarpov Po-2 "Mule" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  85. ^ Warbirds 2013, p. 47
  86. ^ Polikarpov I-153 "Chaika" Retrieved: 8 September 2012
  87. ^ Polikarpov I-153 "Chaika" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  88. ^ Polikarpov I-16 "Rata" Retrieved: 8 September 2012
  89. ^ Polikarpov I-16 "Rata" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  90. ^ Yakovlev Yak-3M "Max" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  91. ^ a b Warbirds 2012, p. 42
  92. ^ P-26 Peashooter Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  93. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 33
  94. ^ "Prop Noise", Fall 2009, Vol. 2 No. 4, pg. 3
  95. ^ "Prop Noise", Fall 2011, Vol. 4 No. 4, pg. 5
  96. ^ Stearman N2S-3 Kaydet Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  97. ^ Waco YMF-5 Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  98. ^ Warbirds 2015, p. 9
  99. ^ de Haviland DH 82 "Tiger Moth" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  100. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 8
  101. ^ Bücker Bü - 133C "Jungmeister" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  102. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 14
  103. ^ Focke Wulf FW-44J Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  104. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 11
  105. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2012, Vol. 5 No. 1, pg. 5
  106. ^ "Prop Noise", Summer 2011, Vol. 4 No. 3, pg. 2
  107. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 28
  108. ^ Polikarpov I-15bis Retrieved: 8 September 2012
  109. ^ Polikarpov I-15bis Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  110. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 40
  111. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2014, Vol. 7 No. 1, pg. 7
  112. ^ a b Avro 504K Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  113. ^ a b "Prop Noise", Winter 2010, Vol. 3 No. 1, pg. 4
  114. ^ a b Biplanes 2012, pg. 5
  115. ^ "The Fighter Factory". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2017-05-30. 
  116. ^ Biplanes 2014, p. 9
  117. ^ Sopwith Strutter% Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  118. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 9
  119. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 7
  120. ^ "Student-Built WWI Aircraft Arrives at Fighter Factory - Aviation Institute of Maintenance". Aviation Institute of Maintenance. 2015-10-19. Retrieved 2017-05-30. 
  121. ^ Nieuport 11 - Replica Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  122. ^ a b Biplanes 2012, pg. 10
  123. ^ Biplanes 2014, p. 11
  124. ^ S.P.A.D. S.XIII Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  125. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 29
  126. ^ "Prop Noise", Summer 2010, Vol. 3 No. 3, pg. 5
  127. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 12
  128. ^ Albatros D.Va Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  129. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 20
  130. ^ a b c d Fokker Dr.I - Replicas Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  131. ^ a b c d "Prop Noise", Summer 2010, Vol. 3 No. 3, pg. 4
  132. ^ a b c d Biplanes 2012, pp. 16-17
  133. ^ Biplanes 2014, p. 16
  134. ^ a b Fokker D.VII - Replicas Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  135. ^ a b "Prop Noise", Fall 2010, Vol. 3 No. 4, pg. 3
  136. ^ a b Biplanes 2012, pg. 25
  137. ^ Fokker D.VIII Retrieved: 29 May 2014
  138. ^ Biplanes 2012, p. 6
  139. ^ Halberstadt CL.IV - Replica Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  140. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 27
  141. ^ a b Biplanes 2012, pg. 4
  142. ^ "Prop Noise", Spring 2014, Vol. 8 No. 1, pg. 5
  143. ^ Wright Brothers Model EX - replica Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  144. ^ Bleriot XI Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  145. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 3
  146. ^ Warbirds. pp. 44–45. 
  147. ^ Warbirds 2015, p. 44
  148. ^ a b Warbirds 2015, p. 45
  149. ^ "Military Aviation Museum Acquires Messerschmitt Me 328". Aerodynamic Media, LLC - Aviation News and Resources. 2015-06-25. Retrieved 2016-11-20. 
  150. ^ Laister-Kauffman TG-4A Retrieved: 31 May 2012
  151. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2014, Vol. 7 No. 1, pg. 4
  152. ^ Fieseler V-1 Flying Bomb Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  153. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 43
  154. ^ a b "Prop Noise", Summer 2012, Vol. 5 No. 3, pg. 5
  155. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 8
  156. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 37
  157. ^ "Prop Noise", Summer 2009, Vol. 2 No. 3, pg. 6
  158. ^ B-17 "Chuckie" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  159. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 19
  160. ^ "Prop Noise", Fall 2010, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 1-2
  161. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2011, Vol. 4 No. 1, pp. 5-6
  162. ^ North American SNJ-4 Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  163. ^ Ryan PT-22 "Recruit" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  164. ^ Fiesler Fi-156 "Storch" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  165. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 40
  166. ^ "Prop Noisea", Spring 2010, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 5-6
  167. ^ Focke Wulf FW-190 Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  168. ^ Focke Wulf Fw190 Series A Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  169. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 36
  170. ^ "Prop Noise", Spring 2011, Vol. 4 No. 2, pg. 2
  171. ^ DH 89 "Dragon Rapide" Archived 2012-07-30 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  172. ^ Warbirds 2012, p. 6
  173. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2009, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 2-3
  174. ^ "Prop Noise", Winter 2010, Vol. 3 No. 1, pp. 5-6
  175. ^ Hawker Fury Mk 1 Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  176. ^ "Prop Noise", Fall 2009, Vol. 2 No. 4, p. 6
  177. ^ Aichi D3A "Val" Retrieved: 30 May 2012
  178. ^ Biplanes 2012, pg. 13

Bibliography[edit]

*"Warbirds Over The Beach 2015"; Official Program Guide, May 15–17, 2015; Military Aviation Museum; Pungo, Virginia
  • "Warbirds Over The Beach 2014"; Official Program Guide, May 16–18, 2014; Military Aviation Museum; Pungo, Virginia
  • "Warbirds Over The Beach 2013"; Official Program Guide, May 17–19, 2013; Military Aviation Museum; Pungo, Virginia
  • "Warbirds Over The Beach 2012"; Official Program Guide, May 18–20, 2012; Military Aviation Museum; Pungo, Virginia
  • "Warbirds Over The Beach 2011"; Official Program Guide, May 20–22, 2011; Military Aviation Museum; Pungo, Virginia
  • "Biplanes and Triplanes"; Official Program Guide, September 21–23, 2012; Military Aviation Museum; Pungo, Virginia

External links[edit]