Military Bishopric of Argentina

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Military Bishopric of Argentina
Obispado Castrense de Argentina
Country Argentina
Metropolitan Immediately subject to the Holy See
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Latin Rite
Established 8 July 1957 (61 years ago)
Cathedral Cathedral of Mary Star of the Sea in Buenos Aires
Patron saint Our Lady of Luján
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Santiago Olivera[1]
Emeritus Bishops Antonio Juan Baseotto, C.Ss.R.

The Military Bishopric of Argentina (Spanish: Obispado Castrense de Argentina) is a military ordinariate (pseudo-diocese) of the Roman Catholic Church for the Argentine (para)military forces.

It is exempt, i.e. immediately subject to the Holy See and its Roman Congregation for Bishops, and usually not combined with another see (unlike some other countries).

Its patron saint is Our Lady of Luján and the Episcopal seat is located at the (also Marian) Cathedral of the Star of the Sea (Catedral Stella Maris) in Buenos Aires, national capital of Argentina.


As per 2014, it provides pastoral care to Roman Catholics serving in the Argentine Armed Forces, paramilitary National Gendarmerie and Naval Prefecture of Argentina in 4 parishes and 237 missions with 195 priests (178 diocesan, 17 religious), 1 deacon, 29 lay religious (17 brothers, 12 sisters) and 8 seminarians.[2]


It was created as Military vicariate of Argentina on 8 July 1957, and elevated to Military ordinariate of Argentina on 21 July 1986.[3] It remains known as Obispado Castrense (Army bishopric), as in several hispanophone countries.

Episcopal Office holders[edit]


  • It once had one Auxiliary Bishop of the Military Vicariate : Victorio Manuel Bonamín, Salesians (S.D.B.) (1960.01.27 – retired 1982.03.30), Titular Bishop of Bita (1960.01.27 – death 1991.11.11) and initially still Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires (Argentina) (1960.01.27 – retired 1975.04.22)

Military Vicars of Argentina[edit]

  • Fermín Emilio Lafitte (appointed 1957 – resigned 1959), while Titular Archbishop of Antiochia in Pisidia (1958.01.20 – 1959.03.25) and Coadjutor Archbishop of Córdoba (Argentina) (1958.01.20 – 1959.03.25), later Metropolitan Archbishop of Buenos Aires (Argentina) (1959.03.25 – death 1959.08.08); previously Bishop of above Córdoba (1927.07.07 – 1934.04.20), promoted Metropolitan Archbishop of Córdoba (1934.04.20 – 1958.01.20)
  • Antonio Caggiano (appointed 14 December 1959 – retired 7 July 1975), while Metropolitan Archbishop of Buenos Aires (1959.08.15 – retired 1975.04.22), President of Episcopal Conference of Argentina (1958–1970), was already created Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna (1946.02.22 – 1979.10.23) while Bishop of Rosario (Argentina) (1934.09.13 – 1959.08.15); died 1979
  • Adolfo Servando Tortolo (appointed 7 July 1975 – retired 30 March 1982), while Metropolitan Archbishop of Paraná (Argentina) (1962.09.06 – 1986.04.01) and President of Episcopal Conference of Argentina (1970–1976); died 1998
  • José Miguel Medina (appointed 30 March 1982 – see below first Military Ordinary 21 July 1986), initially still Bishop of Jujuy (Argentina) (1965.09.08 – 1983.07.07)

Military Ordinaries of Argentina[edit]

See also[edit]


Sources and external links[edit]