Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union

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Great Purge Stalin Voroshilov Kaganovich Zhdanov Molotov.jpg

The Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union (Russian: Военная коллегия Верховного суда СССР) was created in 1924 by the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union as a court for the higher military and political personnel of the Red Army and Fleet.[1] In addition it was an immediate supervisor of military tribunals and the supreme authority of military appeals.

During 1926–1948 the Chairman of the Collegium was Vasili Ulrikh.[2]

The role of the Military Collegium drastically changed after June 1934, when it was assigned the duty to consider cases that fell under Article 58, counter-revolutionary activity.

During the Great Purge of 1937–1938 the Military Collegium tried relatively prominent figures, usually based on the lists approved personally by Joseph Stalin[3], the majority of Article 58 cases having been processed extrajudicially by NKVD Troikas. In particular, the Military Collegium conducted the major Soviet show trials.[4]

The Collegium was also involved in subsequent trials of Polish General Leopold Okulicki, the last commander of the Polish Home Army, and Jan Jankowski, Polish government delegate.[5]

Chairmen[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Terrill, Richard J. (2013). World Criminal Justice Systems: A Comparative Survey. ISBN 9781455725892.
  2. ^ "Moscow Trials 1936, August 23 (Evening session)".
  3. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/238397883_Mass_terror_and_the_court_The_Military_Collegium_of_the_USSR
  4. ^ Erickson, John (2013-07-04). The Soviet High Command: A Military-political History, 1918-1941: A Military Political History, 1918-1941. ISBN 9781136339523.
  5. ^ "General Leopold Okulicki (From the left) and Jan Stanisław Jankowski heard before the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the U.S.S.R".