Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State

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State Police of Rio de Janeiro
Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Abbreviation PMERJ
Blazon of the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State
Distintivo PMERJ.jpg
Old badge of the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State
Motto To serve and protect
Servir e proteger
Agency overview
Formed May 13, 1809
Employees 52,000 (2014)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Brazil State RiodeJaneiro.svg
Map of police jurisdiction.
Size 43.696,054 km² (16,871.1 sp mi)
Population 16,010,429 (2009)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters City of Rio de Janeiro
Official website
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State (Portuguese: Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) (PMERJ) like other military polices in Brazil is a reserve and ancillary force of the Brazilian Army, and part of the System of Public Security and Brazilian Social Protection.[1] Its members are called "State Military" person.[2]

The primary mission of PMERJ is ostensibly preventive policing for the maintenance of public order in the State of Rio de Janeiro.

Under the United Nations, in cooperation with the Brazilian Army, the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State has served in Angola, Mozambique, East-Timor, Sudan, and Haiti.


The first militarized police in Portugal (when Brazil was still a colony) was the Royal Police Guard of Lisbon (Portuguese: Guarda Real de Polícia de Lisboa), established in 1801,[3] which followed the model of the National Gendarmerie (French: Gendarmerie Nationale) of France, created in 1791.

When the Portuguese Royal Family was transferred to Brazil, the Royal Police Guard of Lisbon remained in Portugal, and another equivalent guard was created in Rio de Janeiro under the name of Military Division of the Royal Guard Police of Rio de Janeiro, in 1809.[4]

With the abdication of Emperor Pedro I in 1831, the Regency held reformulations on the Brazilian Armed Forces. The Royal Guard Police of Rio de Janeiro became extinct,[5] and was replaced by the Municipal Guard Corps of Volunteers,[6] a type of security force similar to the National Guard. The same law allowed each Province to establish its own Guard of Volunteers.

In 1834, Pedro I died in Portugal and this reduced the fear in Brazil of a reunification of the kingdoms. The Guard of Volunteers were then transformed into Province Police Corps, with professional troops.[7] The Police Corps were created with the same structure as the Army, and to serve as reserve troops when necessary, under provinces presidents' control. In 1835, the president of Rio de Janeiro province created the "Rio de Janeiro Province Police Corp" (Guarda Policial da Província do Rio de Janeiro).

With the Proclamation of the Republic, Brazil adopted a constitution based on the United States, where the states have a large autonomy. The Corps of Police began to be administered by the states and became smaller regional armies, with infantry, cavalry, artillery, and later, even with air forces. This dangerous situation to the national security remained until the rise of Getúlio Vargas dictatorial government in 1930s, when he abolished states autonomy, and the Brazilian army began its control over states military polices and firefighters corps.


The PMERJ is operationally organized into Intermediary Commands or Policing Area Command (Portuguese: Comandos Intermediários/Comandos de Policiamento de Área), Military Police Battalions, companies, and platoons; and administratively, in departments.

Police officers in the favela of Rocinha.

The battalions are based in major urban centers, and their companies and platoons are distributed according to population density in cities.
The Military Police of Rio de Janeiro is present in all cities of the State.

Commands and Battalions of Military Police[edit]

These are the Policing Area Commands and their respective battalions. Cities and neighborhoods indicate the location of their headquarters.

Police cruisers in Copacabana beach.
  • 1st Policing Area Command – city of Rio de Janeiro
    • 1st Battalion – Estácio
    • 2nd Battalion – Botafogo
    • 3rd Battalion – Méier
    • 4th Battalion – São Cristovão
    • 5th Battalion – Saúde
    • 6th Battalion – Tijuca
    • 13th Battalion – Downtown
    • 16th Battalion – Olaria
    • 17th Battalion – Ilha do Governador
    • 19th Battalion – Copacabana
    • 22nd Battalion – Maré
    • 23rd Battalion – Leblon
    • 1st Independent Company (Governor's Palace Guard) – Laranjeiras
  • 2nd Policing Area Command – city of Rio de Janeiro
    • 9th Battalion – Rocha Miranda
    • 14th Battalion – Bangu
    • 18th Battalion – Jacarepaguá
    • 27th Battalion – Santa Cruz
    • 31st Battalion – Barra da Tijuca
    • 40th Battalion – Campo Grande
    • 41st Battalion – Irajá
  • 4th Policing Area Command – city of Niterói
Composition of a unit of the Polícia Pacificadora (UPP), here on the occasion of the ceremony for the change of command of the units.
Group of police (PMERJ) conducting patrols during an event on the Copacabana beach.
Riot control police units in action, 2014.

Special Units[edit]

Administrative Commands[edit]

  • Department of Education:
  • Department of Logistic Support.
  • Department of Personnel.
  • Department of Finance.
  • Department of Intelligence.
  • Department of Social Assistance (welfare).
  • Social Communication Center
  • Communications and Informatic Center.
  • Department of Health:
    • Military Police Central Hospital, Rio de Janeiro city;
    • Military Police Hospital, in Niteroi;
      • 4 Clinics;
    • Veterinary Center;
    • Dentistry Center;
    • Reahabilitation Center (Physical therapy).


Equipment Type Origin Notes Photo
FN FAL Rifle  Belgium Standard Century Arms FN FAL.jpg
ParaFAL Rifle  Belgium/ Brazil Standard Un FN FAL version Para.jpg
Heckler & Koch PSG1 Sniper Rifle  Germany special operations H&K PSG-1 Sniper Rifle.jpg
M16A2 Rifle  USA special operations M16A1 brimob.jpg
IMBEL MD2 Rifle  Brazil special operations Imbel md2.jpg
M4 Carbine  USA Standard CQBR-alone.jpg
AR15 Carbine  USA Standard AR-15 Sporter SP1 Carbine.JPG
Taurus CT-30 Carbine  Brazil Standard
Remington Model 1100 Shotgun  USA riot control Remington 1100 Tactical 8 Rounds.jpg
Mossberg 500 shotgun  USA riot control PEO Mossberg 590A1.jpg
MP5 submachine  Germany special operations MP5.jpg
Imbel MT-12 submachine  Brazil Standard Beretta M12.jpg
TAURUS FAMAE in .40 submachine  Chile/ Brazil Standard DCB Shooting FAMAE.jpg
Taurus PT-100 Pistol  Brazil Standard TaurusPT92.jpg
Taurus PT 24/7 Pistol  Brazil Standard Taurus-PT24-p1030114.jpg
Taurus Model 605 Revolver  Brazil Standard Taurus 605 Blue.jpg
Taser Pistol Non-lethal weapon  Brazil Standard M26 Taser.jpg
Smoke grenade Non-lethal weapon  Brazil riot control and special operations SmokeGrenade1.JPG
Riot gun Non-lethal weapon  Brazil riot control and special operations Choque lançando bomba de gas.jpg

Vehicles inventory[edit]

Model Manufacturer Type Notes Photo
Gol G3 Volkswagen Patrol car Being retired. Patrol rural Brazil Rio de Janeiro Police in North Zone Vista Alegre.JPG
Gol G5 Volkswagen Patrol car Vehicle standard VW Gol NF Trendline front - 2008 Montevideo Motor Show.jpg
Logan Renault Patrol car Vehicle standard Rio de Janeiro - Policia Militar - 01.jpg
Voyage G III Volkswagen Patrol car Vehicle standard PM Substituição na Maré 3.jpg
Blazer Chevrolet Response car Vehicle standard Viatura da CORE - Polícia Civil - Rio de Janeiro.jpg
Duster Renault Response car Vehicle standard PM Substituição na Maré 1.jpg
Hilux SW4 Toyota Motor Response car / Dog unit Car (K9) Special police Toyota Fortuner face.jpg
Frontier D40 Nissan Multi-purpose car Special police/ Highway patrol PM Inicio Substituicao na Mare 2.jpg
S-10 Third generation Chevrolet Response car Vehicle standard PM Substituição na Maré 2 cropped.png
Amarok Volkswagen Multi-purpose car Riot police car Pick up da CORE.jpg
Master Renault Police van Riot police car Rocinha depois de tiroteio 2 cropped.jpg
Daily Iveco Police van Special police Iveco Daily front 20080625.jpg
Ducato Fiat Police van Vehicle standard Fiat Ducato 2.8 JTD.JPG
XT660 Yamaha Motor Company Police motorcycle Standard PM Inicio Substituicao na Mare 1 cropped.jpg
CB600 Honda Police motorcycle Riot police Hornet2008.jpg
Ford Cargo 815 Ford Motor Company Armoured personnel carrier Vehicle war on drugs Blindado-CORE.JPG
VW Cargo 1722 Volkswagen Armoured personnel carrier Vehicle war on drugs Blindados da CORE - Rio de Janeiro.jpg
Maverick Paramount Group Infantry mobility vehicle Special operations Blindado da CORE - Polícia Civil, RJ.JPG
Volkswagen Constellation Volkswagen Police truck Special operations/Water cannon VW Constellation BRA.JPG

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Aircraft Type Versions In service Photo Note
Schweizer 300 Training Schweizer 300 CBi 01 Schweizer269C-G-BWAV.JPG Designated phoenix 6.
Eurocopter AS350 Patrol helicopter AS-350B3 06 (05 active) Operação Rio de Janeiro Esquilo HB-350.jpg Designated phoenix 1,2,3,4,7,8.
Phoenix 3 was shot down by narcotraffickers during gunbattle at the Morro dos Macacos in October 2009.
Bell Huey II Special operations
Armed helicopter
Huey II 01 Águia3.JPG Designated phoenix 5.
Eurocopter EC145 Patrol helicopter
EC145 01 UH-72A at Pentagon in 2011.jpg Designated phoenix 9.
Piper PA-34 Seneca Personal transport PA-34 02 Piper.seneca.pa34.g-elis.bristol.arp.jpg
Beechcraft Baron Personal transport Baron 58 01 Beechcraft Baron 58TC.jpg


Since 1975, the PMERJ use dark grey blue in their uniforms or blue with black trousers. Special units have differenr uniforms for each service.


The PMERJ has the same hierarchical classification[8] of the Brazilian Army, with another type of insignias.[9]

Ranks and insignia[edit]

Title Insignia
Insignia PM O1.PNG
Lieutenant Colonel
Insignia PM O2.PNG
Insignia PM O3.PNG
Insignia PM O4.PNG
First Lieutenant
Insignia PM O5.PNG
Second Lieutenant
Insignia PM O6.PNG
Insignia PM O7.PNG
or Student Officer
(a star for each year)
Alof pmerj.PNG
Insignia PM O8.PNG
First Sergeant
Insignia PM P1.PNG
Second Sergeant
Insignia PM P2.PNG
Third Sergeant
Insignia PM P3.PNG
Insignia PM P5.PNG
Private "A Class"
Insignia PM P6.PNG
Private "B Class"
or Student Private
No insignia

All rank insignia are worn on the epaulettes of the shirt, except for sergeants, corporal and soldiers, which are worn on each sleeve, below the institutional patch (left) and state flag (right).

Campaigns against crime[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Article 144 of Constitution of Brazil.
  2. ^ Article 42 of Constitution of Brazil.
  3. ^ Decree of December 10, 1801.
  4. ^ Decree of May 13, 1809.
  5. ^ Law of July 17, 1831.
  6. ^ Law of October 10, 1931.
  7. ^ Constitutional Reform of 1834, Article 15, § 11.
  8. ^ Ordinance of the Ministry of the Army 340, October 4, 1971.
  9. ^ Decree 3,568, March 02, 2001.

External links[edit]