Military Technical Institute Belgrade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
IndustryAerospace and defense
Founded3 November 1948; 70 years ago (1948-11-03)
HeadquartersBelgrade, Serbia
ProductsMilitary aircraft
Military Vehicles
Rocket Weapons
Classical Weapons
Upgrades of weapons and military systems
Number of employees
ParentMinistry of Defence (Serbia)

Military Technical Institute Belgrade (Serbian: Vojnotehnički Institut Beograd; abbr. VTI) is a major Serbian aircraft and weapons designer, headquartered in Belgrade, Serbia and governed by the Serbian Ministry of Defence. VTI is a top-level military scientific research institution in Serbia, dealing with research and development (R&D) of new weaponry and military equipment as well as with upgrade of the inventory for all three services of the Army: Land Forces, Air Force and River flotilla.

Institute history[edit]

After the World War II, Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia had a need to independently develop military technology and reduce dependence from foreign supply with given political situation of that time and future political course. By a decision of the Secretary of Defense and a proclamation by the President of FPRY Josip Broz Tito, VTI was founded in 1948 as the Military technical institute of the Land Forces ((Serbian: VTIkov - Vojnotehnički Institut kopnene vojske)) in Belgrade. In 1973 VTI was integrated with several smaller military research and development institutes. In 1992 it assimilated the dissolved Aeronautical Technical Institute in Žarkovo, and minor parts (located in Serbia) of the Nautical institute (Serbian: Brodarski institut) from Zagreb, supposedly as an effort to reduce developing cost and maintenance. Since 1992 the Institute has changed name several times, reflecting the political changes in the country, starting with Technical institute of the Military of Yugoslavia ({{lang-sr|Vojnotehnički institut Vojske Jugoslavije}|script=Latn}). Currently used name is Military technical institute Belgrade (Serbian: VTI - Vojnotehnički Institut Beograd). Neither the translation of the name to other languages nor the corresponding acronym have ever been unambiguously defined; both VTI and MTI have been used in English-language documents, against the widely accepted practice not to translate such acronymes.


Institute has 22 laboratories, and it is situated on 212 acres(86 hectare), with 177.000 square meters laboratories and office space, mostly in Bele Vode (sub-neighborhood of Žarkovo), on the premises of the former Aeronautical Technical Institute.

The Institute obtained the certificates of compliance to the SRPS ISO 9001 and SRPS ISO/IEC 17025 standards.

Weapons developed or upgraded fully or partially by VTI (and the assimilated institutes)[edit]

The institute cooperates with Serbian Army, Technical Testing Center and Yugoimport SDPR in designing and testing new weapons systems.

VTI (with assimilated predecessor institutes) developed more than 1300 military systems and weapons. However, not all of them entered use in the Yugoslav (later Serbian) Army. LThe list includes weapons and systems of other companies in which VTI was partly involved in some stage of developing and those systems are given with references. Institute was in charge for domestically produced weapons systems under licence and modification and modernization of such weapons with introducing new technologies and making new materials and tools for production. There are several new weapons developed from licences products that surpass originals in performance. Examples of licences used for domestic new weapons is a licence for tank T-72.

Military aircraft[edit]

S-49, Soko J-20 Kraguj, Soko G-2 Galeb, Soko J-21 Jastreb, Soko J-22 Orao, Soko G-4 Super Galeb, UTVA 75, (all developed by the Aeronautical Technical Institute), Galeb G-4MD, Kobac, Lasta 95, HN-45M Gama, HN-45M Gama 2

Unmanned aerial vehicle[edit]

Vrabac Mini UAV, Pegaz 011, IBL-2000

Vrabac Mini UAV


Unarmed and armed robots. Unmanned ground vehicle Miloš - armed version introduced in Serbian army during 2017.[1]

Robot unarmed
Robot armed

Tanks and armored vehicles[edit]

M-84, M-84A, M-84AB, M-84ABN, M-84ABK, M-84AS, BVP M-80, M-80A, M-80A1, M-80A KC, M-80A KB, M-80A Sn, M-80AK/M-98A, OT M-60


Field artillery[edit]

Gun-howitzer M84 NORA, M-56 Howitzer

Self-propelled artillery[edit]

Nora B-52, Sora 122mm [2]

Multiple rocket launcher[edit]

LRSVM Morava,[3] M-87 Orkan, M-96 Orkan 2, M-77 Oganj, M-63 Plamen, Nimr 107mm MLRS,[4][5]


Mortar 120mm M95 Long Range, Mortar 60mm M70, Light mortar 120mm M75, Mortar 82mm M69A

Reconnaissance vehicles[edit]

BOV M11, Kurjak

Engineering vehicles[edit]

VIU-55 Munja, M-84AI

Anti-tank warfare[edit]

Bumbar,[6] M79 Osa, Zolja, M-80A LT, POLO M-83, Malyutka-2T M90 Stršljen

Anti aircraft weapons[edit]

Sava M-90, SPAT 30/2, BOV-3, BOV-30, Strela 2M2J Sava, STERLA-10M

Mines and Mine layers[edit]

Self-Propelled Minelayer MOS, TMA – 4, TMRP – 6

Military trucks[edit]

FAP 1118, FAP 2026, FAP 2228, FAP 2832, FAP 3240. Zastava NTV

Turrets, cupolas and RCWS[edit]

Family of turrets M91, M86, M86/06, M10 RCWS, 12,7mm RCWS, M20 RCWS


Unguided missiles[edit]

M-77, Plamen A, Plamen D,

Air-to-surface missile[edit]

Grom A, Grom B, LVBF-250

Surface to surface missiles[edit]


Projectiles and large calibers ammunition[edit]

105mm HE ER-BB M02, 105 mm HE ER, 125mm APFSDS–T M88, 155mm HEERFB–BB M03

Rifles,guns,sub-machine guns and snipers[edit]

Zastava M21, M97 and M97K Submachine Gun


Radar PR15, Zirafa Radar M-85, L and S radars over 300 km range [7][8][9]

Electronics, optoelectronic stations, fuzes, homing heads, sensors, etc[edit]

MIP 11,[10] TV Homing Heads for Guided missiles, Laser Homing Heads for Guided missiles, System for acoustic source localization - HEMERA,[11] inertial guidance systems for missiles, Explosive reactive armour M99, Battery command and control system for Nora B-52, M07G Mortar ballistic computer, Tank engine protection from wrong start-up, system for automatic control and jamming of mobile telephony, Radio jammers against remotely controlled improvised explosive devices, Software packages for command and control of air defense assets from the command and control centers, MOMS surveillance-sighting system [7]

Upgrades modernization and modifications[edit]

Neva-M1T, SA-341, Upgraded Howitzer 105 mm M56/33, Upgraded Howitzer 105mm M101/33, Programs for modernization of the T-55 family of tanks,including their Chinese derivates, as well as of the T-72 family of tanks, Upgraded BTR-50

Specialized laboratories[edit]

List of laboratories:

• Laboratory for Aerodynamics• Laboratory for Spatial Forms and Lengths Measuring • Laboratory for Experimental Modal Analysis, Vibration and Balancing Analysis • Laboratory for Experimental Strength • Laboratory for Experimental Ballistics • Laboratory for Testing of Solid Propellant Rocket Motors • Laboratory for Power-Generating Materials • Laboratory for Servo-Systems • Laboratory for HIL Simulation and Telemetry • Laboratory for Electro-Inertial Sensors • Laboratory for NBC Protection • Laboratory for Electromagnetic Compatibility • Radio-Relay Systems and Multiplex EquipmentLaboratory • Laboratory for Micrography • Laboratory for Optoelectronics • Laboratory for Guidance and Control • Laboratory for Electric Power Devices

Fairs and scientific-technical gatherings[edit]

Institute exhibited in Partner Serbia armaments fairs, participated in IDEX UAE fair under SDPR and organized OTEX scientific-technical gathering.


Documentary and publishing activity[edit]

Making of technical documentation, films and books represents an important part of VTI as publisher, it represents institute output and quantifier of more than sixty years involvement in R&D missions. The Institute possesses technical documentation for over 1300 items of weaponry and defense equipment developed through institute history that are introduced in service in the armed forces. This documentation being intellectual property of MoD, it has an outstanding value and use for future projects.


Robot Milos in action - story about development and use, presented by official Serbia RTS state defense TV channel "Dozvolite" - Little Milos - robot

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Robot "miloš" srpski vojnik budućnosti (FOTO)". Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Mounir Kaddouri (28 October 2012). "NIMR 107mm Multi Rocket Launcher System". Retrieved 16 July 2018 – via YouTube.
  5. ^ Haider, Haseeb. "First MLRS unit delivered". Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  6. ^ - testing of Bumble Bee in wind tunnel of MTI
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Partner 2015: Program modernizacije radara Instituta "Mihajlo Pupin" - Tango Six". 29 July 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  10. ^
  11. ^

External links[edit]