Military Technical Institute Belgrade
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|Industry||Aerospace and defense|
|Founded||November 3, 1948|
Upgrades of weapons and military systems
Number of employees
|Parent||Ministry of Defence (Serbia)|
Military Technical Institute Belgrade (Serbian: VTI - Vojnotehnički Institut Beograd (VTI)) is a major Serbian aircraft and weapons designer, headquartered in Belgrade, Serbia and governed by the Serbian Ministry of Defence. VTI is a top-level military scientific research institution in Serbia, dealing with research and development (R&D) of new weaponry and military equipment as well as with upgrade of the inventory for all three services of the Army: Land Forces, Air Force and River flotilla.
- 1 Institute history
- 2 Today
- 3 Weapons developed or upgraded fully or partially by VTI (and the assimilated institutes)
- 3.1 Aircraft
- 3.2 UAV
- 3.3 Tanks and armored vehicles
- 3.4 MLRS and artillery
- 3.5 Reconnaissance vehicles
- 3.6 Engineering vehicles
- 3.7 Anti tank weapons and systems
- 3.8 Anti aircraft weapons
- 3.9 Mortars and Mine layers
- 3.10 Military trucks
- 3.11 Turrets, cupolas and RCWS
- 3.12 Unguided missiles, projectiles
- 3.13 Guided missiles
- 3.14 Rifles,guns,sub-machine guns and snipers
- 3.15 Radars
- 3.16 Electronics, optoelectronic stations, fuzes, homing heads, sensors, etc
- 3.17 Upgrades modernization and modifications
- 4 Specialized laboratories
- 5 Fairs and scientific-technical gatherings
- 6 Subdivisions
- 7 Documentary and publishing activity
- 8 Gallery
- 9 References
After the World War II, Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia had a need to independently develop military technology and reduce dependence from foreign supply with given political situation of that time and future political course. By a decision of the Secretary of Defense and a proclamation by the President of FPRY Josip Broz Tito, VTI was founded in 1948 as the Military technical institute of the Land Forces ((Serbian: VTIkov - Vojnotehnički Institut kopnene vojske)) in Belgrade. In 1973 VTI was integrated with several smaller military research and development institutes. In 1992 it assimilated the dissolved Aeronautical Technical Institute in Žarkovo, and minor parts (located in Serbia) of the Nautical institute (Serbian: Brodarski institut) from Zagreb, supposedly as an effort to reduce developing cost and maintenance. Since 1992 the Institute has changed name several times, reflecting the political changes in the country, starting with Technical institute of the Military of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Vojnotehnički institut Vojske Jugoslavije). Currently used name is Military technical institute Belgrade (Serbian: VTI - Vojnotehnički Institut Beograd). Neither the translation of the name to other languages nor the corresponding acronym have ever been unambiguously defined; both VTI and MTI have been used in English-language documents, against the widely accepted practice not to translate such acronymes.
Institute has 22 laboratories, and it is situated on 212 acres(86 hectare), with 177.000 square meters laboratories and office space, mostly in Bele Vode (sub-neighborhood of Žarkovo), on the premises of the former Aeronautical Technical Institute.
The Institute obtained the certificates of compliance to the SRPS ISO 9001 and SRPS ISO/IEC 17025 standards.
Weapons developed or upgraded fully or partially by VTI (and the assimilated institutes)
VTI (with assimilated predecessor institutes) developed more than 1300 military systems and weapons. However, not all of them entered use in the Yugoslav (later Serbian) Army. LThe list includes weapons and systems of other companies in which VTI was partly involved in some stage of developing and those systems are given with references. Institute was in charge for domestically produced weapons systems under licence and modification and modernization of such weapons with introducing new technologies and making new materials and tools for production. There are several new weapons developed from licences products that surpass originals in performance. Examples of licences used for domestic new weapons is a licence for tank T-72.
S-49, Soko J-20 Kraguj, Soko G-2 Galeb, Soko J-21 Jastreb, Soko J-22 Orao, Soko G-4 Super Galeb, UTVA 75, (all developed by the Aeronautical Technical Institute), Galeb G-4MD, Kobac, Lasta 95, HN-45M Gama, HN-45M Gama 2
Tanks and armored vehicles
MLRS and artillery
BOV M11, Kurjak
VIU-55 Munja, M-84AI
Anti tank weapons and systems
Anti aircraft weapons
Sava M-90, SPAT 30/2, BOV-3, BOV-30, Strela 2M2J Sava, STERLA-10M, Antitank weapon of short range 120 mm RBR, M91
Mortars and Mine layers
120 MM М95 LONG RANGE MORTAR, MOS
Turrets, cupolas and RCWS
Family of turrets M91, M86, M86/06, M10 RCWS, 12,7mm RCWS, M20 RCWS
Unguided missiles, projectiles
M-77, Plamen A, Plamen D, 105mm HE ER-BB M02, 105 mm HE ER, 125mm APFSDS–T M88, 155mm HEERFB–BB M03
Grom A, Grom B, LVBF-250
Rifles,guns,sub-machine guns and snipers
Zastava M21, M97 and M97K Submachine Gun
Electronics, optoelectronic stations, fuzes, homing heads, sensors, etc
MIP 11, TV Homing Heads for Guided missiles, Laser Homing Heads for Guided missiles, System for acoustic source localization - HEMERA, inertial guidance systems for missiles, Explosive reactive armour M99, Battery command and control system for Nora B-52, M07G Mortar ballistic computer, Tank engine protection from wrong start-up, system for automatic control and jamming of mobile telephony, Radio jammers against remotely controlled improvised explosive devices, Software packages for command and control of air defense assets from the command and control centers, MOMS surveillance-sighting system 
Upgrades modernization and modifications
Neva-M1T, SA-341, Upgraded Howitzer 105 mm M56/33, Upgraded Howitzer 105mm M101/33, Programs for modernization of the T-55 family of tanks,including their Chinese derivates, as well as of the T-72 family of tanks, Upgraded BTR-50
List of laboratories:
• Laboratory for Aerodynamics• Laboratory for Spatial Forms and Lengths Measuring • Laboratory for Experimental Modal Analysis, Vibration and Balancing Analysis • Laboratory for Experimental Strength • Laboratory for Experimental Ballistics • Laboratory for Testing of Solid Propellant Rocket Motors • Laboratory for Power-Generating Materials • Laboratory for Servo-Systems • Laboratory for HIL Simulation and Telemetry • Laboratory for Electro-Inertial Sensors • Laboratory for NBC Protection • Laboratory for Electromagnetic Compatibility • Radio-Relay Systems and Multiplex EquipmentLaboratory • Laboratory for Micrography • Laboratory for Optoelectronics • Laboratory for Guidance and Control • Laboratory for Electric Power Devices
Fairs and scientific-technical gatherings
Institute exhibited in Partner Serbia armaments fairs, participated in IDEX UAE fair under SDPR and organized OTEX scientific-technical gathering.
- Overhaul direction
Documentary and publishing activity
Making of technical documentation, films and books represents an important part of VTI as publisher, it represents institute output and quantifier of more than sixty years involvement in R&D missions. The Institute possesses technical documentation for over 1300 items of weaponry and defense equipment developed trough institute history that are introduced in service in the armed forces. This documentation being intellectual property of MoD, it has an outstanding value and use for future projects.
- Video about different systems in developing phases including cabin for Novi Avion and testing of weapons systems by Technical Testing Center all developed by VTI - Military Technical Institute Belgrade
- "MLRS Nimr"
- "EDT CEO statement"
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-9ubouHzkc - testing of Bumble Bee in wind tunnel of MTI