Military march (Bruckner)

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Military march
by Anton Bruckner
20110716 Otto von Habsburg funeral procession 2108.jpg
Military band in Austria
Key E-flat major
Catalogue WAB 116
Composed 12 August 1865 (1865-08-12): Linz
Dedication Militär-Kapelle der Jäger-Truppe
Published 1922
Recorded 1976
Instrumental Military band

The Marsch in E-flat major, WAB 116, is a military march composed by Anton Bruckner in 1865.

History[edit]

Bruckner composed this for him unique work on 12 August 1865 during his stay in Linz, at the time when he was composing his first symphony,[1]

He composed this occasional work for the Militär-Kapelle der Jäger-Truppe (Military band of the hunting troop) in Linz, as a gesture of appreciation for its participation in performances of two of his works, the festive cantata Preiset den Herrn and Germanenzug.[2] However, it is not known whether it ever was performed by this military band. In the Bruckner-Handbuch is only noted that the march was presumably performed in Linz in 1865.[1]

Bruckner's manuscript is stored in the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek. It was first edited in Band III/2, pp. 226–233 of the Göllerich/Auer biography.[1] The work is put in Band XII/8 of the Gesamtausgabe.[3]

Music[edit]

The work, a march of 32-bar and a trio of 32 bars too, is scored in E-flat major for military band (piccolo, 5 clarinets, 2 flugelhorns, 7 trumpets, 3 horns, 2 trombones, 3 euphoniums, 2 tubas, drums and bass drum).[4]

Apollo-Marsch[edit]

Another military march, the Apollo-Marsch, was for many years attributed to Bruckner and put as WAB 115 by Grasberger. This march was even performed on 14 September 1924, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Bruckner's birth.[5]

It is now definite that the Apollo-Marsch was composed in 1857 as Mazzuchelli-Marsch for the Austria-Hungary Infantry-regiment No. 10 by Béla Kéler, another Kitzler's student,[6] while Bruckner copied the instrumentation and form exactly, but not the music, for his own Marsch in E-flat major.[1][5]

The Apollo-Marsch is put in an addendum to Band XII/8 of the Gesamtausgabe.[3]

Discography[edit]

There are as yet 3 recordings of Bruckner's Military march:

  • Désiré Dondeyne, La Musique des Gardiens de la Paix de la Préfecture de Police de Paris, Marches militaires allemandes. Anthologie de la Musique d'Harmonie – LP:Societé d'études et de Réalisations Publicitaires (SERP) MC 7.033, 1976. A digitalization of the march can be heard on John Berky's website.[7]
  • Ryusuke Numajiri, Osaka Municipal Symphonic Band, Harmoniemusik of the Great Composers – CD: Exton OVCL-00113, 2002
  • Clark Rundell, Royal Northern College of Music Wind Orchestra, Experiments on a March – CD: Chandos CHAN 10367, 2005

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • August Göllerich, Anton Bruckner. Ein Lebens- und Schaffens-Bild, c. 1922 – posthumous edited by Max Auer by G. Bosse, Regensburg, 1932
  • Uwe Harten, Anton Bruckner. Ein Handbuch, Residenz Verlag, Salzburg, 1996. ISBN 3-7017-1030-9.
  • Anton Bruckner – Sämtliche Werke, Band XII/8: Marsch in Es-Dur für Blasorchester (1865), Musikwissenschaftlicher Verlag der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft, Rüdiger Bornhöft (Editor), Vienna, 1996
  • Cornelis van Zwol, Anton Bruckner 1824–1896 – Leven en werken, uitg. Thoth, Bussum, Netherlands, 2012. ISBN 978-90-6868-590-9
  • Crawford Howie, Anton Bruckner - A documentary biography, online revised edition

External links[edit]

Another performance by the Tokyo Wind Sinfonica can be heard on YouTube: Marsch in Es-Dur (WAB 116), January 2015