The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (March 2013)
World War II brought great advances in meteorology as large-scale military land, sea, and air campaigns were highly dependent on weather, particularly forecasts provided by the Royal Navy, Met Office and USAAF for the Normandy landing and strategic bombing.
University meteorology departments grew rapidly as the military services sent cadets to be trained as weather officers. Wartime technological developments such as radar also proved to be valuable meteorological observing systems. More recently, the use of satellites in space has contributed extensively to military meteorology.
Military meteorologists currently operate with a wide variety of military units, from aircraft carriers to special forces.
Military meteorology in the United States
Chain of command
Enlisted meteorology and oceanography forecasters are called aerographer's mates.
Notable military meteorologists
- Capt Homer A. McCrerey, USNA Class of 1942, fleet meteorologist and oceanographer (FNMOC) (1967–1972)
- Gp Capt James Martin Stagg, military meteorologist for Operation Overlord 1944
- U.S. Air Force Weather Agency
- U.S. Air Force Special Operations Weather Technician
- Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System
- Weather forecasting for Operation Overlord
- John F. Fuller (1974), Weather and War, Military Airlift Command, U.S. Air Force
- Thomas Haldane, War History of the Australian Meteorological Service in the Royal Australian Air Force April 1941 to July 1946, accessed at Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, University of Melbourne August 2, 2006
- Timothy C. Spangler, The COMET program: A decade of professional development for our civilian and military weather services, abstract of paper at 13th Symposium on Education, 2004, American Meteorological Society, accessed August 2, 2006
- Overview of U.S. military satellite systems for meteorology
- Col. Tamzy J. House et al. (1996) Weather as a Force Multiplier:Owning the Weather in 2025, accessed August 2, 2006
- Historical bibliography at ibiblio.org
- Army Regulation 115–10 Weather Support for the U.S. Army (PDF). Washington, DC: Departments of the Army, and the Air Force. 6 January 2010.
- U.S. Navy Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center, public website
- Air Force Weather Agency, public website
- Cold Fronts, a book by and about a Cold War-era Air Force meteorologist