Military meteorology

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Military weather specialist in US

Military meteorology is meteorology applied to military purposes, by armed forces or other agencies. It is one of the most common fields of employment for meteorologists.

World War II brought great advances in meteorology as large-scale military land, sea, and air campaigns were highly dependent on weather, particularly forecasts provided by the Royal Navy, Met Office and USAAF for the Normandy landing and strategic bombing.

University meteorology departments grew rapidly as the military services sent cadets to be trained as weather officers. Wartime technological developments such as radar also proved to be valuable meteorological observing systems. More recently, the use of satellites in space has contributed extensively to military meteorology.

Military meteorologists currently operate with a wide variety of military units, from aircraft carriers to special forces.

Military meteorology in the United States[edit]

United States Navy/Marine Corps[edit]

U.S. Navy Aerographer's Mate Rating insignia
U.S. Navy Flight Meteorologist insignia

Chain of command[edit]


Enlisted meteorology and oceanography forecasters are called aerographer's mates.


Naval meteorology and oceanography officers are restricted line officers in the Information Dominance Corps.[1]

Notable military meteorologists[edit]

See also[edit]

U.S. Air Force Basic Meteorologist badge

Further reading[edit]

  • John F. Fuller (1974), Weather and War, Military Airlift Command, U.S. Air Force
  • Thomas Haldane, War History of the Australian Meteorological Service in the Royal Australian Air Force April 1941 to July 1946, accessed at Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, University of Melbourne August 2, 2006
  • Timothy C. Spangler, The COMET program: A decade of professional development for our civilian and military weather services, abstract of paper at 13th Symposium on Education, 2004, American Meteorological Society, accessed August 2, 2006
  • Overview of U.S. military satellite systems for meteorology
  • Col. Tamzy J. House et al. (1996) Weather as a Force Multiplier:Owning the Weather in 2025, accessed August 2, 2006
  • Historical bibliography at
  • Army Regulation 115–10 Weather Support for the U.S. Army (PDF). Washington, DC: Departments of the Army, and the Air Force. 6 January 2010.

External links[edit]