Cameroonian Armed Forces

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Cameroon Armed Forces
Forces armées camerounaises (FAC)
Flag of Cameroon.svg
Flag of Cameroon
Founded1960
Service branches
HeadquartersYaoundé
Leadership
Commander-in-ChiefPaul Biya
Deputy Commander-in-ChiefPhilémon Yang
Minister of DefenseJoseph Beti Assomo [fr]
Chief of the Defence StaffRené Claude Meka [fr]
Manpower
Active personnel14,200[1]
Expenditures
BudgetUS$347 million[2]
Percent of GDP1.6[2]
Related articles
HistoryCameroonian Independence War
Central African Republic Civil War
Boko Haram insurgency
Anglophone Crisis
RanksMilitary ranks of Cameroon

The Cameroonian Armed Forces (French: Forces armées camerounaises (FAC)) is the official national military of the Republic of Cameroon. The armed forces number 14,200 personnel in ground, air, and naval forces. There are approximately 12,500 troops in the army across three military regions. Approximately 1,300 troops are part of the Cameroonian Navy, which is headquartered at Douala. Under 400 troops are part of the Air Force. There is an additional 9,000 paramilitary troops that serve as a gendarmerie (policing force) or reconnaissance role.[1]

The Cameroonian armed forces have bases spread all over Cameroon, including in Ngaoundéré. Air Force bases are located in Garoua, Yaoundé, Douala and Bamenda.[3][citation needed]

It generally has been an apolitical force where civilian control of the military predominates.[citation needed] Traditional dependence on the French defense capability, although reduced, continues to be the case as French military advisers remain closely involved in preparing the Cameroonian forces for deployment to the contested Bakassi Peninsula.

"China has an ongoing military-military relationship with Cameroon, which includes training for Cameroonian military students each year in China, technical advisors to assist in repairing Cameroonian military vehicles and naval vessels, and Chinese military sales."[4]

Army[edit]

With 12,500 troops the Army remains the most important component in terms of numbers.[5] The Army is under the responsibility of the Chief of Staff, Major-General Nkoa Atenga, whose staff is in Yaoundé.

Currently the organization dates from 2001 with a distribution in several types of units: combat units, response units (unités d'intervention), unités de soutien et d'appui, and finally special reserve units as part of 3 joint military régions (interarmées) and the 10 military land sectors.[6]

Army units have been trained and equipped to fight in the swampy coastal terrain facing the Bakassi peninsula. Although prepared for an armed conflict with Nigeria in recent years, the Cameroon Army does not have operational experience against other forces, therefore, it is not possible to assess its ability to respond to changing threats and opposing tactics.

Combat units of the army include:[7]

  • The Headquarters Brigade, located in Yaoundé. This brigade is responsible for protecting the capital and supporting the institutions. The President of the Republic has to allow any of its deployments.
  • Three command and support battalions;
  • The Rapid Response Battalion (by their French acronym, the BIR), (which currently has no general staff) and is made up of three rapid response battalions, stationed in Douala, Tiko and Koutaba. These three battalions are respectively the Special Amphibious Battalion (Bataillon Spécial Amphibie; BSA), the Bataillon des Troupes Aéroportées (BTAP), and the Armored Reconnaissance Battalion (Bataillon Blindé de Reconnaissance; BBR) equipped with Type 07P infantry fighting vehicle and PTL-02-type tank destroyer bought recently from China. The BSA is inspired by the French Special Forces. This brigade is a tactical battle unit under the authority of the Chief of Staff of the armed forces. For this to be engaged, the President’s agreement is necessary. Amongst its three battalions, only the BTAP is operational;
  • Five motorised infantry brigades, supposed to be stationed in one military sector but which can then be engaged without any regard to the territorial division of the country. These brigades currently do not have a general staff. In theory, they consist of 11 motorised infantry battalions; 5 support battalions and 3 backing battalions; however, the motorised battalions are in reality not operational due to a lack of staff, equipment and vehicles.

Army Equipment[edit]

Note that this list shows acquired Equipment and not the equipment that are currently in service. some of listed equipment are out of service.

Origin Type Acquired Notes
Ratel IFV  South Africa Infantry Fighting Vehicle 12[8]
Panhard AML-90  France Armoured Car 31[8] 31 AML-90 Delivered via Bosnian Army in 2002[8]
M8 Greyhound  United States Armored car 10[8] Delivered from France
M5 Half-track  United States Armoured personnel carrier 5[8]
M3 Half-track  United States Armoured personnel carrier 3[8]
Véhicule Blindé Léger  France Armoured Scout Car 5[8]
VLRA TPK-BL  France Armoured personnel carrier 30[8]
ACMAT APC  France Armoured personnel carrier 15[8]
Thunder Mk-1  Israel Armoured personnel carrier 18[8]
RAM-2000  Israel Armoured personnel carrier 5[8]
Ferret armoured car  United Kingdom Armoured Car 8[8] Probably out of service
Cadillac Gage Commando  United States Armoured Car 51[8] Including 20mm Autocannon and 81mm Mortar Carrier versions
Cougar (vehicle)  United States Infantry mobility vehicle 6[8]
130 mm towed field gun M1954 (M-46)  Egypt
 Romania
Field gun 22[8]
M101 howitzer  United States Howitzer 16[8]
M116 howitzer  United States Howitzer 5[9]
Soltam M-71  Israel Howitzer 18[8]
BM-21 Grad  Romania Multiple rocket launcher 20[8] 20 Delivered from Romania in 1995
Mortier 120mm Rayé Tracté Modèle F1  France Mortar 16[8]
Cardom  Israel Self-propelled mortar 8[8]
BGM-71 TOW  United States Anti-tank missile 24[9] 250 Missiles and 24 launchers delivered in 1990[8]
MILAN  France Anti-tank missile 6[8] 6 launchers and 60 missiles delivered in 1982
HOT (missile)  France Anti-tank missile 40 40 missiles delivered for SA-342L Helicopters[8]
M40 recoilless rifle  United States Recoilless rifle 40 M40A2 Version in service[9]
M20 recoilless rifle  United States Recoilless rifle 13 Type 56 Version in use[9]
Exocet  France Anti-ship missile 15[8]
Watchman  United Kingdom Air search radar 1 1 radar delivered from UK in 1984[8]
ZPU-2  Soviet Union Anti-aircraft gun 16[9]
Type 63 anti-aircraft gun  People's Republic of China Anti-aircraft gun 18[9] Used on ground mount
37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 (61-K)  People's Republic of China Anti-aircraft gun 18[9]
Oerlikon GDF   Switzerland Anti-aircraft gun 21[9]

Cameroonian Air Force[edit]

The air force has bases in Garoua, Koutaba, Yaoundé, Douala and Bamenda. The Cameroonian Air Force was founded in 1960, the year of independence from France. There are under 400 troops in the air force.[1] Cameroon's Air Force has 9 combat-capable aircraft.[1]

Cameroonian Navy[edit]

Cameroonian navy sailors prepare to perform a visit, board, search and seizure drill on 21 November 2006 in Douala during a joint exercise with the US military.

There are about 1,300 troops in the navy including naval infantry.[1]

Around May 1999, Philip Njaru wrote a newspaper article where he alleged ill-treatment of civilians conducted by the 21st Navy Battalion based in Ekondo-Titi. In late May Njaru was approached by the local captain who asked Njaru "to stop writing such articles and to disclose his sources". Refusing to do this, Njaru five days later found his house encircled by armed soldiers, and escaped to Kumba.[10] Here, he was assaulted by police in June 2001, with no particular reason stated.[10] Njaru complained to the local authorities, but later learned that "his complaint had not been received".[10]

Cameroon's Marine Nationale République modernised and increased its capabilities during 2000 with the acquisition of a number of small Rodman patrol craft and the retirement of some small older craft. A number of small patrol boats have been acquired or ordered from France. Latest estimates indicate naval strength consists of two combat patrol vessels, three coastal patrol vessels and approximately 30 smaller inshore and river patrol craft allocated to both the navy and the local gendarmerie. These include two 135 tonne Yunnan-class landing craft, which are able to carry and launch smaller craft for troop insertions. Some effort has been made to assess equipment needs to bring L'Audacieux P103 and Bakassi P104 to an effective combat status. This has resulted in weapons capabilities being reduced in favour of an increase in serviceability and the service is now effectively without missile attack capabilities. Bakassi (a Type P 48S missile patrol craft) completed a major refit at Lorient, France in August 1999. This included removing the Exocet missile system and EW equipment, and fitting a funnel aft of the mainmast to replace the waterline exhausts. New radars were also installed. Bakassi is now armed only with 40 mm cannon. Although the Bizerte (P48 large patrol craft) class L'Audacieux is fitted for SS-12M missiles these are not embarked and its operational status is in some doubt, having not been reported at sea since 1995. The Quartier-Maître Alfred Moto patrol boat was listed as out of service in 1991 but has since been reactivated.

Ships[edit]

List of active ships.[9]

  • 1: DIPIKAR patrol boat (former French navy "Grèbe", upgraded with LYNCEA PATROL CMS) (Gun)
  • 2: FRA P-48 (Gun)
  • 6: Rodman 101/46 (Gun)
  • 1: Quartier class (Gun)
  • 3: Boston Whaler patrol boats
  • 1: Bakassi class patrol boat (P48S type)
  • 1: L’Audacieux class missile FAC (P48 type)
  • 1: Alfred Motto class patrol craft
  • 20: Swiftships type river boats
  • 2: Yunnan landing craft utility
  • 8: Simoneau
  • 2: Aresa 2400 CPV Defender patrol boats [11]
  • 1: Aresa 2300 landing craft
  • 6: Aresa 750 Commandos RIBs
  • 5: 1200 Stealth RIBs
  • 1: 1200 Defcon RIB
  • 2: P108 and P109 patrol boats

Two 32-metre patrol boats are expected to be delivered in February 2014.[11]

Gendarmerie[edit]

The Gendarmerie is a paramilitary force composed of about 9,000 soldiers as of 2016. It performs both law enforcement and national security responsibilities across the country. (See Gendarmerie)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e International Institute for Strategic Studies. (2014). Chapter Ten: Country comparisons - commitments, force levels and economics. The Military Balance, 114(1), 471–492. doi:10.1080/04597222.2014.871887
  2. ^ a b defenceWeb (14 February 2013). "Cameroon". Defence Web. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Cameroonian Armed Forces 2017 Recruitment form is Out - Apply Here - Jobsjit". Jobsjit. 2017-05-09. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  4. ^ WikiLeaks United States diplomatic cables leak; 10YAOUNDE95
  5. ^ "Page d'erreur 404 - France-Diplomatie - Ministère des Affaires étrangères et du Développement international". Diplomatie.gouv.fr. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  6. ^ Source: Revue Frères Armées, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  7. ^ Niagalé Bagayoko, Cameroon's Security Apparatus: Actors and Structures Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine., 21.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i Martin, Guy. "Cameroon - defenceWeb". Defenceweb.co.za. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  10. ^ a b c "Njaru v Cameroon HRC Decision". Scribd.com. 3 April 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
  11. ^ a b Martin, Guy. "Cameroon Navy receives new patrol vessels, landing craft - defenceWeb". Defenceweb.co.za. Retrieved 25 August 2017.

External links[edit]