Armed Forces of Equatorial Guinea

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Armed Forces of Equatorial Guinea
Fuerzas Armadas de Guinea Ecuatorial
Coat of arms of Equatorial Guinea.svg
Coat of arms of Equatorial Guinea
Service branches

Army of Equatorial Guinea

Navy of Equatorial Guinea

Air Force of Equatorial Guinea
Leadership
President of Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Minister of Defence General Antonio Mba Nguema
Manpower
Conscription 18 years of age, 2 years selective compulsory service
Available for
military service
136,725 males, age 16–49,
138,018 females, age 16–49
Fit for
military service
105,468 males, age 16–49,
107,919 females, age 16–49
Reaching military
age annually
6,983 males,
6,726 females
Active personnel 2,400
Expenditures
Percent of GDP 0.1% (2006 est.)
Industry
Foreign suppliers United States
Russia
Belgium
Related articles
Ranks Military ranks of Equatorial Guinea

The Armed Forces of Equatorial Guinea (in Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Guinea Ecuatorial) consists of approximately 2,500 service members. The army has almost 1,400 soldiers, the police 400 paramilitary men, the navy 200 service members, and the air force about 120 members. There is also a Gendarmerie, but the number of members is unknown. The Gendarmerie is a new branch of the service in which training and education is being supported by the French Military Cooperation in Equatorial Guinea.[1] Military appointments are all reviewed by President Teodoro Obiang, and few of the native militiamen come from outside of Obiang's Mongomo-based Esangui clan. Obiang was a general when he overthrew his uncle, Francisco Macías Nguema.

Overall the military is poorly trained and equipped. It has mostly small arms, RPGs, and mortars. Almost none of its Soviet-style light-armored vehicles or trucks are operational.

The Armed Forces were reorganized in 1979. In 1988, the United States donated a 68-foot patrol boat to the Equatoguinean navy to patrol its exclusive economic zone. The U.S. patrol boat Isla de Bioko is no longer operational.[2] U.S. military-to-military engagement has been dormant since 1997 (the year of the last Joint Combined Exchange Training exercise). Between 1984 and 1992, service members went regularly to the United States on the International Military Education Training program, after which funding for this program for Equatorial Guinea ceased. The government spent 6.5% of its annual budget on defense in 2000 and 4.5% of its budget on defense in 2001. It recently acquired some Chinese artillery pieces, some Ukrainian patrol boats, and some Ukrainian helicopter gunships. The number of paved airports in Equatorial Guinea can be counted on one hand, and as such the number of airplanes operated by the air force is small. The Equatoguineans rely on foreigners to operate and maintain this equipment as they are not sufficiently trained to do so. Cooper and Weinert 2010 says that all aircraft are based on the military side of Malabo International Airport.[3]

In 2002, a report said "The oil companies do not view Equatorial Guinea's military – a product of decades of brutal dictatorial rule – with much confidence. The army is believed to have only about 1,320 men under arms, the navy 120, and the air force 100. Seven of the army's nine generals are relatives of the president; the other two are from his tribe. There is no clear command structure, the level of discipline is low, and professionalism and training are almost non-existent, according to locals and foreign oil workers. Even the presidential guard – an indication of the lack of trust in the country's forces – is composed of 350 Moroccan troops."[4] One general may be General Agustin Ndong Ona, reported in 2004.

In July 2010, after the visit of Brazilian president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the sale of a Barroso-class corvette to be constructed in Brazil was announced.[5]

On 6 November 2016 the Zimbabwe Defence Forces deployed a training contingent to the Equatorial Guinea to train the country's military officers on operational and logistic matters following an urgent request by the West African country. The security personnel contingent, is composed of members of the Zimbabwe National Army and Air Force of Zimbabwe.

Equipment[edit]

Armor[edit]

Name Origin Type In service Notes
Armored fighting vehicle
T-55 Soviet Union Main Battle Tank 3[6]
BMP-1 Soviet Union Infantry Fighting Vehicle 20[6]
BTR-152 Soviet Union APC 10[6]
BRDM-2 Soviet Union APC 6[6]
An RPG-7 Rocket-propelled grenade launcher

Small arms[edit]

Name Origin Type Notes
AKM Soviet Union Assault Rifle
FN FAL Belgium Assault Rifle
RPD Soviet Union Machine Gun
RPG-7 Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade

Aircraft[edit]

The Air Force of Equatorial Guinea consists of seven fixed wing aircraft and nine helicopters providing ground support, transport, SAR, and training.

Current inventory[edit]

An Antonov An-72P on lift off
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
Sukhoi Su-25 Russia attack 4[7]
Maritime Patrol
CASA C-295 Spain patrol 1 on order[7]
Transport
Antonov An-72 Ukraine heavy transport 1[7]
CASA C-295 Spain transport 1 on order[7]
Helicopters
Kamov Ka-27 Russia utility Ka-29 1[7]
Mil Mi-26 Russia utility / transport 1[7]
Mil Mi-24 Russia attack Mi-35 7[7]
Trainer Aircraft
Aero L-39 Czech Republic jet trainer 2[7]

Navy[edit]

As piracy and robbery at sea is a significant threat in the Gulf of Guinea, the country is investing heavily in its navy to protect its oil installations from these and other security challenges. In 2010 a Brazilian corvette was purchased, and renamed the 'Bata'. On 24 June 2014 the Frigate Wele Nzas was commissioned and became the flagship for the Navy of Equatorial Guinea.

Vessel Origin Type In service Notes
Wele Nzas (F073) Bulgaria Frigate 1[8] modified locally
PV-50 Ukraine patrol vessel 2[8]
Isla de Corisco Israel patrol boat 1[8] Shaldag-class
Isla de Annobon Israel patrol boat 1[8] Shaldag-class
Saar-4 Israel patrol boat 21[9]
Salamandra China landing ship 1[9]
Daphne Denmark patrol boat 1[9] Flyvefisken-class

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Equatorial Guinea". Flightglobal Insight. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  2. ^ U.S. Department of State, Equatorial Guinea Background Note 01/02
  3. ^ Cooper and Weinert 2010, p142
  4. ^ Sunday Dare, The Curious Bonds of Oil Diplomacy, Center for Public Integrity, November 6, 2002
  5. ^ Felipe Salles. "Lula anuncia venda de navio da classe Barroso para Guiné Equatorial". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d Military Balance 2017
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "World Air Forces 2018". Flightglobal Insight. 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d "Equatorial Guinea commissions new frigate". Flightglobal Insight. 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  9. ^ a b c "Peace Research Institute". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Cooper, Tom & Weinert, Peter (2010). African MiGs: Volume I: Angola to Ivory Coast. Harpia Publishing LLC. ISBN 978-0-9825539-5-4.
  • Jeremy Binnie, 'Boom Time - Equatorial Guinea,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 30 May 2012.