Hellenic Armed Forces

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Hellenic Armed Forces
Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις
Coat of arms of Greece military variant.svg
Founded1828
Current form1975
Service branchesHellenic Army Hellenic Army

Hellenic Navy Hellenic Navy

Hellenic Air Force Hellenic Air Force
HeadquartersAthens, Greece
Leadership
Commander-in-ChiefProkopis Pavlopoulos
Minister of National DefenseEvangelos Apostolakis
Chief of the General StaffTBD
Manpower
Military age18 years of age
ConscriptionYes
Available for
military service
2,535,174 males, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3]),
2,517,273 females, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3])
Fit for
military service
2,084,469 males, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3]),
2,065,956 females, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3])
Reaching military
age annually
53,858 males (2008 est.[3]),
50,488 females (2008 est.[3])
Active personnelNominal strength: 134,000[1]
Actual strength: 113,517 (2014)[2]
  • Military: 113,517
  • Civilian: 7,357
Expenditures
Budget€4.001 billion (2014)[4]
Percent of GDP2.23% (2014)
Industry
Domestic suppliersELBO, EAS (EBO, Pyrkal), Miltech, KEA, EAB, Theon, Sunlight, IDE, Elfon, HDVS, Elmon, Apella, Metka, VEMEKEP, BOSA, SIELMAN, Akmon, ISI, Valpak, Thales, Prisma, SSMART, TELETEL, Intracom, Barracuda, Motomarine, Elefsis Shipyards, Neorion, GAL, Axon, Spider, Vipon, TEMMA, Grantex, Kampakas, Kouimtzis Group, Hellenic Shipyards Co., Kioleides, EODH, BSK Defense, OMI Ordtech, HAT
Foreign suppliers Brazil
 Bulgaria
 Canada
 France
 Germany
 Italy
 Israel
 Poland
 Russia
 United Kingdom
 United States
Related articles
HistoryMilitary history of Greece
RanksGreek military ranks

The Hellenic Armed Forces (Greek: Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις, Ellinikés Énoples Dynámis) are combined military forces of Greece. They consist of the Hellenic National Defense General Staff, the Hellenic Army, the Hellenic Navy, and the Hellenic Air Force.

The civilian authority for the Greek military is the Ministry of National Defense.

History[edit]

Conscription, budget, military personnel, international operations[edit]

Greece currently has universal compulsory military service for males, under which all men above 18 years of age serve for 9 months. Women may serve in the Greek military, but cannot be conscripted. According to NATO, in 2008, Greece spent 2.3 per cent of GDP on its military — around €6.9 billion (US$9.3 billion). Greece was in 2008 the largest importer of conventional weapons in Europe and its military spending was the highest in the European Union relative to GDP.[needs update]

As of 2018 the expenditures for fiscal year 2017 were estimated at €4,330 million in constant 2010 prices or €4,213 millions in current prices or 2,38% GDP (+0,01 change since 2016). For the fiscal year 2018, the expenditures were estimated at €4,330 million in constant 2010 prices or €4,111 millions in current prices, or 2,27% GDP (-2,88% change since 2017).

As of 2018 Military personnel was estimated at around 106.000 for the year 2017 and 105.000 for the year 2018. [5]

Greece is an EU and NATO member country and participates in peacekeeping operations such as ISAF in Afghanistan, EUFOR in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Chad, and KFOR in Kosovo.

Component forces and their organization[edit]

Hellenic National Defense General Staff[edit]

The Hellenic National Defense General Staff, carries out the operational command of the Joint Headquarters and the units that come under them, as well as the rest forces, when it comes to the issues of operation plans implementation and the Crises management System implementation, conduction of operations outside the national territory and participation of the Armed Forces in the confrontation of special situations during peacetime.[6]

Hellenic Army[edit]

The basic components of the Hellenic Army are Arms and Corps, the first responsible for combat missions and the latter for logistical support. It is organized in Commands, formations, and units with the basic being brigade, division and corps. Its main mission is to guarantee the territorial integrity and independence of the state.[6]

Hellenic Navy[edit]

Hellenic Navy possesses a powerful fleet, consisted of strike units (Frigates, Gunboats, Submarines and Fast Attack Guided Missile Vessels) and support vessels in order to conduct naval operations that ensure the protection of Hellenic territories.[6]

Hellenic Air Force[edit]

Hellenic Air Force incorporates a modern air fleet (for combat, transportation and training), the congruent structure, as well as a modern system of air control, which cooperates with a widespread net of anti aircraft defence. The structure of its forces includes the General Staff of Air Force, the Hellenic Tactical Air Force, the Air Support Command, the Air Training Command and a number of units and services.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-08-20. Retrieved 2015-08-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Defence Data Portal". eda.europa.eu. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  3. ^ CIA World Factbook, [1]
  4. ^ "Defence Data Portal". www.eda.europa.eu. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  5. ^ https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_2018_07/20180709_180710-pr2018-91-en.pdf
  6. ^ a b c d http://www.mod.mil.gr/Pages/MainAnalysisPage2.asp?HyperLinkID=2&MainLinkID=25

External links[edit]