Military ranks of the Philippines

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The following list presents the ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, one of Asia's oldest armed services.

Introduction[edit]

The current Philippine military ranks are inspired partially by the very first military insignia used by the military forces during the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and the Philippine–American War, and the insignia used by the Philippine Constabulary raised in 1902 during the final days of the Philippine–American War, which was basically the same style of insignia used by the United States Army at that time. Elements of both the US army ranks and the old Philippine Army appear in the current ranks; this was reflected at the general officers insignia and enlisted ranks that resembled those of the US military (the silver stars used by generals and admirals were used by field grade officers in the First Republic), the field officers [like colonels], whose insignia are suns, use those insignia used by general officers of the Revolutionary Army. Company rank insignia[i.e. captain], consisting of a silver triangle, are a recent creation. Both company grade and field grade officer insignia have the baybayin letter ka ( K) in the middle, another throwback to the days of the war for independence, and even in the medal used by second-level members of the Katipunan during meetings, in which the letter is in the center.

Revolutionary Army ranks[edit]

These rank insignia for the nascent army were created in late 1896, replacing the earlier rank insignia used by the Katipuneros containing the letter K (ka). Ranks were then wore on the sleeves of all uniforms.

Shoulder epaulette insignia was introduced in late 1898, some time after the declaration of Philippine independence. It is strange that the insignia for the rank of Second Lieutenant and Major has three silver and gold stars, respectively, and the number of stars are reduced when promoted.

Officer ranks[edit]

Revolutionary Army ranks Tagalog Name Spanish Name Sleeve insignia Shoulder epaulette insignia
(1899-1901)
Minister Marshal Ministrong Mariskal Ministro Mariscal
PR Ministro Mariscal.svg
General Heneral General
PR General.svg
PR General SE.svg
Lieutenant General Tenyente Heneral Teniente General
PR Teniente General.svg
PR Teniente General SE.svg
Major General Heneral ng Dibisyon General de División
PR Mayor General.svg
PR General de Division SE.svg
Brigadier General Heneral ng Brigada General de Brigada
PR General de Brigada.svg
PR General de Brigada SE.svg
Colonel Koronel Coronel
PR Coronel.svg
PR Coronel SE.svg
Lieutenant Colonel Tenyente Koronel Teniente Coronel
PR Teniente Coronel.svg
PR Teniente Coronel SE.svg
Major Komandante Comandante
PR Mayor.svg
PR Comandante SE.svg
Captain Kapitán Capitán
PR Capitán.svg
PR Capitan SE.svg
Lieutenant Tenyente Teniente
PR Teniente.svg
PR Teniente SE.svg
Alférez

Second lieutenant

(putative)

Alpéres

Ikalawang Tenyente

Alférez

Segundo Teniente

PR Alferez SE.svg

Revolutionary Army enlisted ranks[edit]

Revolutionary Army ranks Tagalog Name Spanish Name Sleeve insignia
Sergeant Sarhento Sargento
PR Sargento.svg
Corporal Kabo Cabo
PR Cabo.svg

Present rank insignia of the Philippine armed forces[edit]

The current AFP insignia used today are a modification of the system first used in 1954-55 as part of the Filipinization of the military forces by then President and former Secretary of National Defense Ramon Magsaysay, ending years of the US-styled rank system in place since 1935. Prior to that period, the Philippines used the same rank insignia of the United States military.

Officer ranks[edit]

Officer Ranks (English) Officer ranks (Spanish) Battledress collar insignia
(Army, Air Force and Marines)
Full dress shoulder insignia
(Army and Air Force)
Army Service dress shoulder insignia Air Force Service dress shoulder insignia Navy white dress shoulder insignia
Navy full black dress sleeve insignia
Navy and Marine Corps service dress collar insignia
General/Admiral General de Ejercito/General de Fuerza Aerea/
Almirante
PHIL ARMY GEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh.svg
PA GEN Svc.svg
PAF GEN Svc.svg
PN ADM WhtDr.svg
PN ADM BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant General/Vice Admiral Teniente General/Vicealmirante
PHIL ARMY LTGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh.svg
PA LTGEN Svc.svg
PAF LTGEN Svc.svg
PN VADM WhtDr.svg
PN VADM BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh.svg
Major General/Rear Admiral General de Division/Contraalmirante
PHIL ARMY MGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh.svg
PA MGEN Svc.svg
PAF MGEN Svc.svg
PN RADM WhtDr.svg
PN RADM BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh.svg
Brigadier General/Commodore General de Brigada/Comodoro de Armada
PHIL ARMY BGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
PA BGEN Svc.svg
PAF BGEN Svc.svg
PN CDRE WhtDr.svg
PN CDRE BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
Colonel/Captain Coronel/Capitan de Navio
PHIL ARMY COL WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh.svg
PA COL Svc.svg
PAF COL Svc.svg
PN CPT WhtDr.svg
PN CPT BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant Colonel/Commander Teniente Colonel'/'Comandante
PHIL ARMY LTC WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh.svg
PA LTC Svc.svg
PAF LTC Svc.svg
PN CDR WhtDr.svg
PN CDR BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh.svg
Major/Lieutenant Commander Comandante/Teniente Comandante
PHIL ARMY MAJ WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
PA MAJ Svc.svg
PAF MAJ Svc.svg
PN LCDR WhtDr.svg
PN LTCDR BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
Captain/Lieutenant Senior Grade Capitan/Teniente de Navio
PHIL ARMY CPT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh.svg
PA CPT Svc.svg
PAF CPT Svc.svg
PN LTSG WhtDr.svg
PN LTSG BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh.svg
First Lieutenant/Lieutenant Junior Grade Teniente Primero/Teniente de Fragata
PHIL ARMY 1LT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh.svg
PA 1LT Svc.svg
PAF 1LT Svc.svg
PN LTJG WhtDr.svg
PN LTJG BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh.svg
Second Lieutenant/Ensign Teniente Segundo/Alferez de Navio
PHIL ARMY 2LT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg
PA 2LT Svc.svg
PAF 2LT Svc.svg
PN ENS WhtDr.svg
PN ENS BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg

Enlisted personnel[edit]

Note: currently senior NCO rank insignia for personnel promoted recently to these ranks in the Philippine Marine Corps, and since 2016 the enlisted and NCO personnel of the Philippine Military Academy Band sport US style enlisted rank insignia.

Army and Marines[edit]

Ground forces ranks (English) Army and Marine Corps battledress collar
and Army service dress sleeve insignia
Marine Corps service dress sleeve insignia
First Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY CMSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC CMSG Slv.svg
Senior Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SMSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC SMSG Slv.svg
Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY MSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC MSG Slv.svg
Technical Sergeant
PHIL ARMY TSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC TSG Slv.svg
Staff Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC SSG Slv.svg
Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SGT WOODLAND.svg
PMC SGT Slv.svg
Corporal
PHIL ARMY CPL WOODLAND.svg
PMC CPL Slv.svg
Private First Class
PHIL ARMY PFC WOODLAND.svg
PMC PFC Slv.svg
Private
PHIL ARMY PVT WOODLAND.svg
PMC PVT Slv.svg

Air Force[edit]

Until the early years of the 21st century the Air Forces sported the same enlisted insignia as the other services, its current enlisted rank insignia mirrors that of the United States Air Force, with the use of the national diamond roundel.

Air force ranks (English) Battledress collar insignia Service dress sleeve insignia Full dress sleeve insignia
First Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
PAF CMSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF CMSG SL.svg
PAF CMSG FD.svg
Senior Master Sergeant
PAF SMSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF SMSG SL.svg
PAF SMSG FD.svg
Master Sergeant
PAF MSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF MSG SL.svg
PAF MSGT FD.svg
Technical Sergeant
PAF TSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF TSG SL.svg
PAF TSG FD.svg
Staff Sergeant
PAF SSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF SSG SL.svg
PAF SSG FD.svg
Sergeant
PAF SGT WOODLAND.svg
PAF SGT SL.svg
PAF SGT FD.svg
Airman First Class
PAF A1C WOODLAND.svg
PAF A1C SL.svg
PAF A1C FD.svg
Airman Second Class
PAF A2C WOODLAND.svg
PAF A2C SL.svg
PAF A2C FD.svg
Airman Recruit
PAF AR WOODLAND.svg
PAF AR SL.svg
PAF AR FD.svg

Navy and Coast Guard[edit]

Naval enlisted ratings (English) Collar insignia Sleeve insignia (Navy) Sleeve insignia (Coast Guard)
First Master Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer
PN MCPO Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Master Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia.jpg
Senior Chief Petty Officer
PN SCPO Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Senior Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia.jpg
Chief Petty Officer
PN CPO Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia.jpg
Petty officer, first class
PN PO1 Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Petty Officer 1st Class Rank Insignia.jpg
Petty officer, second class
PN PO2 Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Petty Officer 2nd Class Rank Insignia.jpg
Petty officer, third class
PN PO3 Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Petty Officer 3rd Class Rank Insignia.jpg
Seaman First Class
PN SN1 Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Coast Guardsman Rank Insignia.jpg
Seaman Second Class
PN SN2 Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Coast Guardsman Apprentice Rank Insignia.jpg
Apprentice Seaman
PN SN Slv.svg
Philippine Coast Guard Coast Guardsman Recruit Rank Insignia.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]