Military ranks of the Philippines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following list presents the ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, one of Asia's oldest armed services.

Introduction[edit]

The current Philippine military ranks are inspired partially by the very first military insignia used by the military forces during the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and the Philippine–American War, and the insignia used by the Philippine Constabulary raised in 1902 during the final days of the Philippine–American War. The ranks used by these forces were designed by Americans under the tutelage of Captain Henry T. Allen, the "father of the Philippine Constabulary". The original Philippine military ranks are those actually worn by the Philippine Revolutionary Army, the nemesis of the Philippine Constabulary. The Philippine Constabulary is one of the predecessors of the present day Armed Forces of the Philippines. Elements of both the US army ranks and the old Philippine Army appear in the current ranks; this was reflected at the general officers insignia and enlisted ranks that resembled those of the US military (the silver stars used by generals and admirals were used by field grade officers in the First Republic), the field officers [like colonels], whose insignia are suns, use those insignia used by general officers of the Revolutionary Army. Company rank insignia[i.e. captain], consisting of a silver triangle, are a recent creation. Both company grade and field grade officer insignia have the baybayin letter ka ( K) in the middle, another throwback to the days of the war for independence, and even in the medal used by second-level members of the Katipunan during meetings, in which the letter is in the center.

Revolutionary Army ranks[edit]

These rank insignia for the nascent army were created in late 1896, replacing the earlier rank insignia used by the Katipuneros containing the letter K (ka). Ranks were then wore on the sleeves of all uniforms.

Officer ranks[edit]

Revolutionary Army ranks Tagalog Name Spanish Name Sleeve insignia
Minister Marshal Ministrong Mariskal Ministro Mariscal
PR Ministro Mariscal.svg
General Heneral General
PR General.svg
Lieutenant General Tenyente Heneral Teniente General
PR Teniente General.svg
Major General Magat Heneral General de División
PR Mayor General.svg
Brigadier General Brigadyer Heneral General de Brigada
PR General de Brigada.svg
Colonel Koronel Coronel
PR Coronel.svg
Lieutenant Colonel Tenyente Koronel Teniente Coronel
PR Teniente Coronel.svg
Major Komandante Comandante
PR Mayor.svg
Captain Kapitán Capitán
PR Capitán.svg
Lieutenant Tenyente Teniente
PR Teniente.svg

Revolutionary Army enlisted ranks[edit]

Revolutionary Army ranks Tagalog Name Spanish Name Sleeve insignia
Sergeant Sarhento Sargento
PR Sargento.svg
Corporal Kabo Cabo
PR Cabo.svg

Present rank insignia of the Philippine armed forces[edit]

The current AFP insignia used today are a modification of the system first used in 1954-55 as part of the Filipinization of the military forces by then President and former Secretary of National Defense Ramon Magsaysay, ending years of the US-styled rank system in place since 1935.

Officer ranks[edit]

Officer Ranks Battledress collar insignia
(Army, Air Force and Marines)
Full dress shoulder insignia
(Army and Air Force)
Army Service dress shoulder insignia Air Force Service dress shoulder insignia Navy white dress shoulder insignia
Navy full black dress sleeve insignia
Navy and Marine Corps service dress collar insignia
General/Admiral
PHIL ARMY GEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh.svg
PA GEN Svc.svg
PAF GEN Svc.svg
PN ADM WhtDr.svg
PN ADM BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant General/Vice Admiral
PHIL ARMY LTGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh.svg
PA LTGEN Svc.svg
PAF LTGEN Svc.svg
PN VADM WhtDr.svg
PN VADM BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh.svg
Major General/Rear Admiral
PHIL ARMY MGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh.svg
PA MGEN Svc.svg
PAF MGEN Svc.svg
PN RADM WhtDr.svg
PN RADM BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh.svg
Brigadier General/Commodore
PHIL ARMY BGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
PA BGEN Svc.svg
PAF BGEN Svc.svg
PN CDRE WhtDr.svg
PN CDRE BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
Colonel/Captain
PHIL ARMY COL WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh.svg
PA COL Svc.svg
PAF COL Svc.svg
PN CPT WhtDr.svg
PN CPT BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant Colonel/Commander
PHIL ARMY LTC WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh.svg
PA LTC Svc.svg
PAF LTC Svc.svg
PN CDR WhtDr.svg
PN CDR BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh.svg
Major/Lieutenant Commander
PHIL ARMY MAJ WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
PA MAJ Svc.svg
PAF MAJ Svc.svg
PN LCDR WhtDr.svg
PN LTCDR BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
Captain/Lieutenant Senior Grade
PHIL ARMY CPT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh.svg
PA CPT Svc.svg
PAF CPT Svc.svg
PN LTSG WhtDr.svg
PN LTSG BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh.svg
First Lieutenant/Lieutenant Junior Grade
PHIL ARMY 1LT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh.svg
PA 1LT Svc.svg
PAF 1LT Svc.svg
PN LTJG WhtDr.svg
PN LTJG BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh.svg
Second Lieutenant/Ensign
PHIL ARMY 2LT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg
PA 2LT Svc.svg
PAF 2LT Svc.svg
PN ENS WhtDr.svg
PN ENS BlkDr-Slv.svg
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg

Enlisted Personnel[edit]

Note: currently senior NCO rank insignia for personnel promoted recently to these ranks in the Philippine Marine Corps, and since 2016 the enlisted and NCO personnel of the Philippine Military Academy Band sport US style enlisted rank insignia.

Army and Marines[edit]

Ground forces ranks Army and Marine Corps battledress collar
and Army service dress sleeve insignia
Marine Corps service dress sleeve insignia
First Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY CMSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC CMSG Slv.svg
Senior Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SMSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC SMSG Slv.svg
Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY MSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC MSG Slv.svg
Technical Sergeant
PHIL ARMY TSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC TSG Slv.svg
Staff Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SSG WOODLAND.svg
PMC SSG Slv.svg
Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SGT WOODLAND.svg
PMC SGT Slv.svg
Corporal
PHIL ARMY CPL WOODLAND.svg
PMC CPL Slv.svg
Private First Class
PHIL ARMY PFC WOODLAND.svg
PMC PFC Slv.svg
Private
PHIL ARMY PVT WOODLAND.svg
PMC PVT Slv.svg

Air Force[edit]

Until the early years of the 21st century the Air Forces sported the same enlisted insignia as the other services, its current enlisted rank insignia mirrors that of the United States Air Force, with the use of the national diamond roundel.

Air force ranks Battledress collar insignia Service dress sleeve insignia Full dress sleeve insignia
First Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
PAF CMSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF CMSG SL.svg
PAF CMSG FD.svg
Senior Master Sergeant
PAF SMSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF SMSG SL.svg
PAF SMSG FD.svg
Master Sergeant
PAF MSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF MSG SL.svg
PAF MSGT FD.svg
Technical Sergeant
PAF TSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF TSG SL.svg
PAF TSG FD.svg
Staff Sergeant
PAF SSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF SSG SL.svg
PAF SSG FD.svg
Sergeant
PAF SGT WOODLAND.svg
PAF SGT SL.svg
PAF SGT FD.svg
Airman First Class
PAF A1C WOODLAND.svg
PAF A1C SL.svg
PAF A1C FD.svg
Airman Second Class
PAF A2C WOODLAND.svg
PAF A2C SL.svg
PAF A2C FD.svg
Airman Recruit
PAF AR WOODLAND.svg
PAF AR SL.svg
PAF AR FD.svg

Navy[edit]

Naval enlisted ratings Collar insignia Sleeve insignia
First Master Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer
PN MCPO Slv.svg
Senior Chief Petty Officer
PN SCPO Slv.svg
Chief Petty Officer
PN CPO Slv.svg
Petty officer, first class
PN PO1 Slv.svg
Petty officer, second class
PN PO2 Slv.svg
Petty officer, third class
PN PO3 Slv.svg
Seaman First Class
PN SN1 Slv.svg
Seaman Second Class
PN SN2 Slv.svg
Apprentice Seaman
PN SN Slv.svg

Five Star General/Admiral[edit]

President Ferdinand Marcos, who acted also as national defense secretary (from 1965–1967 and 1971–1972), issued an order conferring the five-star general/admiral rank to the President of the Philippines, making himself as its first rank holder.[citation needed] Since then, the rank of five-star general/admiral became an honorary rank of the commander-in-chief of the armed forces whenever a new president assumes office for a six-year term thus, making the President the most senior military official.[1]

The only career military officer who reached the rank of five-star general/admiral is President Fidel V. Ramos (USMA 1950) (president from 1992–1998) who rose from second lieutenant up to commander-in-chief of the armed forces.[2][not in citation given]

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur was also made a Field Marshal of the Philippine Army with five-star rank in 1938, the only person to hold that rank. Emilio Aguinaldo, the first President of the Philippines, holds an equivalent of five-star general under the title Generalissimo and Minister/Field Marshal as the first Commander-in-Chief of the AFP.

The position is honorary and may be granted to any military officer, especially generals/admirals who had significant contributions and showed heroism, only in times of war and national defense concerns and emergencies. Highest peace-time rank will be that of a four-star general which is being held only by the AFP Chief of Staff. However, no law specifically establishes the rank of 5-star general in the Armed Forces of the Philippines unlike in the United States and other countries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ferdinand E. Marcos at the Wayback Machine (archived August 4, 2008), Malacañang Museum.
  2. ^ Fidel V. Ramos at the Wayback Machine (archived April 30, 2008), Malacañang Museum.