Military service by British royalty

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This is a list detailing military service by British royalty, namely formal military service and not the honorary titles given to the members of the Royal Family.

Service Information
Name of Royal Branch of Service Rank Years of Service War time service Unit Military Training Medals Other
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge RAF, British Army and RN Squadron Leader, Flight Lieutenant, Captain, Lieutenant 2005–2013[1] None Blues and Royals, No. 22 Squadron (RAF Search and Rescue Force)[1] Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
RAF Cranwell
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal Commodore-in-Chief of HMNB Clyde; Commodore-in-Chief of the Royal Navy Submarine Service; Commodore-in-Chief of Scotland; Honorary Air Commandant of RAF Coningsby; Colonel of the Irish Guards
Prince Henry of Wales

"Prince Harry"

British Army Captain,[2] Troop Commander, Forward Air Controller,

Co-Pilot/Gunner

2006–2015 Afghanistan Blues and Royals, Household Cavalry, 1st Mechanised Brigade of the 3rd Mechanised Division,

Army Air Corps, 662 Squadron of 3 Regiment

Royal Military Academy Sandhurst Operational Service Medal for Afghanistan,
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
Canadian Ranger; Honorary Air Commandant of RAF Honington; Commodore-in-Chief of Small Ships and Diving
Charles, Prince of Wales RAF, RN Pilot, Captain (Ret'd) 1971–1976 None 845 Naval Air Squadron Royal Naval College, Dartmouth Commando Training Centre Royal Marines None Colonel-in-Chief - Commonwealth Armies and Air Commodore-in-Chief of Commonwealth Air Forces; General/Admiral of the Fleet/Marshal of the Royal Air Force of the British Armed Forces[3]
Prince Andrew, Duke of York RAF, RN Helicopter Pilot, Commander (Ret'd)[4] 1980–2001 Falklands War 815 Naval Air Squadron Royal Naval College, Dartmouth Commando Training Centre Royal Marines South Atlantic Medal with Rosette Honorary Air Commodore Royal Air Force Lossiemouth, Vice Admiral
Colonel-in-Chief of various units in the Canadian Forces
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Royal Marines[5] Acting Lieutenant (withdrew from training) 1986–1987 None Unknown Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (Did Not Finish) None Royal Honorary Colonel, of the Royal Wessex Yeomanry
Royal Colonel, of the 2nd Battalion, The Rifles
Commodore-in-Chief, of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Honorary Air Commodore Royal Air Force Waddington
Colonel-in-Chief, of Canada
The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
Colonel-in-Chief, of Canada The Prince Edward Island Regiment
Colonel-in-Chief, of Canada the Saskatchewan Dragoons
Prince Michael of Kent British Army Major (Ret'd) 1963–1981 Cyprus 1971 - United Nations mission, Hong Kong 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own)[6] Royal Military Academy Sandhurst Colonel-in-Chief of The Essex and Kent Scottish (Canadian Forces)
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent British Army Lieutenant-Colonel 1955-1976 (Ret'd)[7] Sovereign Base Areas-Cyprus, Hong Kong, Eastern Command Royal Scots Greys Royal Military Academy Sandhurst Field Marshal, Personal Aide-de-Camp to The Queen, Colonel of the Scots Guards, Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, Royal Colonel of 1st Battalion The Rifles, Colonel-in-Chief of the Lorne Scots Regiment, Canada, Deputy Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards, Honorary Air Chief Marshal and Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Leuchars.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh RN Commander[8] 1940-1952[8] World War II -Allied invasion of Sicily, Battle of Crete, Battle of Cape Matapan British Pacific Fleet Royal Naval College, Greenwich, Britannia Royal Naval College War Medal 1939-1945 with Oak Leaf,
Atlantic Star,
Africa Star,
Burma Star with Rosette,
Italy Star,
Greek War Cross,
Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 with Palm
Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom and Field Marshal of the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Marshal of the Royal Australian Air Force, Marshal of the Royal New Zealand Air Force, Captain General Royal Marines, Colonel-in-Chief-The Royal Canadian Regiment, Colonel-in-Chief - Army Cadet Force.
Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Auxiliary Territorial Service, British Army Subaltern, Junior Commander (equivalent to Army Captain) 1948–1949 World War II ATS Service None None War Medal 1939-1945,
Defence Medal
Ceremonial Colonel-in-Chief - Commonwealth Armies and Air Commodore-in-Chief of Commonwealth Air Forces
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma RN Admiral of the Fleet 1913-1945[9] World War I and World War II 5th Destroyer Flotilla Naval Cadet School See: Louis Mountbatten Honours
Order of Merit, Distinguished Service Order
Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom), First Sea Lord
George VI of the United Kingdom RN, RAF Squadron Leader 1909–1919 World War I HMS Collingwood
Royal Naval Air Service
RAF Cranwell
Independent Air Force
Britannia Royal Naval College None Colonel-in-Chief - Commonwealth Armies (Canadian Army, Australian Imperial Force/Australian Army Reserve, New Zealand Expeditionary Force) and Air Commodore-in-Chief of Commonwealth Air Forces (RCAF, RAAF, RNZAF); Field Marshal of the British Army/Admiral of the Fleet of the Royal Navy/Marshal of the Royal Air Force
Edward VIII of the United Kingdom British Army, RAF Lieutenant 1914-1918[citation needed] World War I Grenadier Guards Osborne Naval College, Royal Naval College at Dartmouth Military Cross Colonel-in-Chief - Commonwealth Armies (Canadian Army, Australian Imperial Force/Australian Army Reserve, New Zealand Expeditionary Force) and Air Commodore-in-Chief of Commonwealth Air Forces (Royal Canadian Air Force, RAAF, RNZAF); Field Marshal of the British Army/Admiral of the Fleet of the Royal Navy/Marshal of the Royal Air Force[10]
George V of the United Kingdom RN Commander 1877–1891 None HMS Bacchante None None Field Marshal of the British Army/Admiral of the Fleet of the Royal Navy/Marshal of the Royal Air Force
Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne British Army Lieutenant 1875–1881 2nd Life Guards, Territorial Army TD Colonel of the 4th/5th Battalion of the Black Watch
William IV of the United Kingdom RN Rear-Admiral 1780–1789 American War of Independence HMS Andromeda, HMS Pegasus None None General of the British Army/Admiral of the Royal Navy

Military service of English monarchs[edit]

A few English monarchs came to the throne from other countries and served in the armies of their home country. A few served in other armies during their exile.

Service Information
Name of Royal Service War time service
George I of Great Britain army of the Dutch Republic Franco-Dutch War
William III of England army of the Dutch Republic Glorious Revolution
James II of England Imperial French and Spanish Empire armies; he later served as Lord High Admiral of the Royal Navy 1652–1656
Charles II of England English Army - Commander of West Country 1640s and the Engagers English Civil War
Charles I of England English Army English Civil War
Henry V of England English Army Hundred Years' War
William II of England English army
William I of England army of the Normans Norman invasion of England

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Prince William: Career accessed=11 March 2015 Archived 2 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Prince Harry: Military Career". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Prince of Wales: Military career". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "The Duke of York: Military Career". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "The prince with a difference". BBC. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Prince and Princess Michael of Kent: Military Involvement". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Prince Edward: Military Career". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Prince Phillip: Naval Career". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  9. ^ Heathcote (2002), p. 183
  10. ^ Cokayne, George (1940). The Complete Peerage. XIII. London: St. Catherine's Press. pp. 116–117.