List of modern Canadian Army equipment

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The following is a list of equipment currently in use with the Canadian Army and Primary Reserve.

Infantry weapons[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Model Type Caliber Acquired Origin Notes
FN P-35/Hi-Power Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm 1944-????  Belgium/ Canada Purchased from Fabrique Nationale. Also produced under license by Inglis during the Second World War.
P225/P6 or P226 Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm N/A   Switzerland
Remington 870 c. 1950 Shotgun 12 gauge N/A  United States
C7 Assault rifle 5.56×45mm 1986  Canada License produced and modified M16 built by Diemaco (now Colt Canada).
C8 Assault rifle 5.56×45mm 1986  Canada Carbine version of the C7.
C9 LMG Light machine gun 5.56×45mm 1986  Belgium Canadian designation for the FN MINIMI.
C6 GPMG General purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm 1978  Belgium Canadian designation for the FN MAG.
FN M2HB-QCB Heavy machine gun .50 BMG (12.7×99mm) N/A  United States/ Belgium
C3A1 Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm N/A  United Kingdom Being phased out and replaced with the C14 sniper rifle.
C14 Timberwolf Sniper rifle .338 Lapua Magnum (8.6x70mm) 2005  Canada Entered service as the standard sniper rifle of the Canadian Forces.
C15 Long Range Sniper Weapon (LRSW) Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG (12.7×99mm) 2000  United States

Explosive, rocket, and missile systems[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
C13 Hand grenade N/A N/A  United States
M203A1 Underbarrel Grenade launcher N/A N/A  United States
M3 Carl Gustav Recoilless rifle N/A M2 1969
M3 1988
 Sweden
M72 LAW Shoulder-launched rocket N/A N/A  United States/ Norway
ERYX Anti-tank guided missile 435 1994  Canada
 France
Short-ranged, man portable anti-tank missile (Only sighting device is in use)

Vehicles[edit]

Utility vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
MILCOTS Silverado Light Utility Vehicle 1,061 2003–2004  United States Militarized Commercial Off-The-Shelf or, colloquially, the "Milverado". Replacing the Bombardier Iltis Light Utility Vehicle in non combat use. 2500HD - 2003 Basic model 861 (GM K25943HD)
G-Wagen Light Utility Vehicle 1,159 2003–2004  Germany Replaced the Iltis Light Utility Vehicle in combat zones.
M-Gator Light Utility Vehicle/All Terrain Vehicle 48 2007  United States
LSVW Light Support Vehicle 2,879 1993–1997  Canada Based on Iveco model 40.10 with trailer units
MLVW Medium Logistic Vehicle 2,769 1982  United States/ Canada M35/M36 series trucks built under license by Bombardier. Replacement by 1300 7000-MV between 2009–2013, but additional 1500 order was cancelled.[1]
MSVS Medium Logistic Vehicle 1300 2009–2013  United States/ Canada Replacing the MLVW between 2009–2013.[2] Option of 1690 including Off-the-Shelf and Standard Military Pattern, project close out fall 2013. Order for 1500 more was cancelled.[3]
HLVW Heavy Logistic Vehicle 1,212 1992  Canada Based on Steyr 1491 Percheron truck chassis and built under license by Urban Transportation Development Corporation.
Bv206 Tracked Utility Vehicle 78 1983  Sweden First used in combat during Operation Anaconda in March, 2002.
AHSVS Armoured Heavy Support Vehicle Systems 86 2008-?  Germany Option for additional 26.[4]
DAF XF95 Tropco Tractor HET Tractor 1-2? 2007  Netherlands Leased from Dutch Army until delivery of AHSVS is complete
Broshuis HET Heavy Equipment Trailer 1-2? 2007  Netherlands Leased from Dutch Army for use in Afghanistan.
Western Star 4900 series 1?  United States Use for Reverse Osmosis Water Purification Unit

Armoured fighting vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle Armoured reconnaissance vehicle 203 1996  Canada Replaced the Lynx in the armoured reconnaissance role. The Coyote is set to be replaced by 500 Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle (TAPV), with an option of 100 more, starting in 2016.[5] [6]
Textron TAPV Armoured Patrol Vehicle 500 2014  Canada To replace the Coyote Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicle and RG-31 Nyala MRAP vehicle.[7]
Grizzly AVGP Armoured Personnel Carrier 274 1976  Canada Variants include Personnel Carrier (52),Command Post (80),Radio Relay (10),Artillery Gun Tractor (18),Mobile Repair Team (70),[8] Life-extended & relegated to support roles after 2000; 100 loaned to African Union troops in Sudan.
Bison Armoured personnel carrier 199 1990  Canada TRILS (Tactical Radar Identification and Location System) uses Bison chassis; as Ambulances (74), Mortar vehicles (60), Recovery vehicles (35), Mobile Repair Team vehicles (16), Electronic Warfare vehicles (AERIES) (14).
M113A3/MTVL Armoured personnel carrier 1,143 1960s-1991; 2001–2006  United States 289 of original 1,143 M113's delivered mid-1960s to early 1990s upgraded to A3/MTVL; remainder declared surplus; used Taurus ARV tank tow vehicle. It is anticipated that the upgraded M113s will be in service until 2020.
LAV III Infantry fighting vehicle 651 1999  Canada LAV Infantry Section Carriers (313), LAV Command Post variants (181), LAV TOW Under Armour (TUA) variants (Turret equipped with 2 TOW launchers) (33), LAV Forward Observation Officer (FOO) variants (47), LAV Engineer variants (44). 33 surplus LAV TUA hulls will be converted into LAV ISC (Infantry Section Carrier), fitted with Nanuk Remotely Controlled Weapon Station and similar to the U.S M1126 Infantry Carrier Vehicle 66 to be converted to Reconnaissance version with the fitting of Surveillance suite.[9]
ADATS Air-Defense, Anti-Tank System 34 1989  Canada/  Switzerland ADATS are mounted on M113 Armored Personnel Carrier platform. The ADATS is considered to be the most successful SHORAD system in the world with 85% or better engagement success rate. ADATS is a completely self-contained system in an unmanned turret with FLIR (Forward-Looking Infrared) and TV sensors, laser rangefinder and designator, a search radar. Composed of eight missiles, the ADATS can hit multiple threats in a few seconds.
Leopard C2 Main Battle Tank 66 1978–1979  Germany 66 Leopard C1 tanks were upgraded to Leopard C2 in 2000–2001.
Leopard 2A4+/2A4M Main Battle Tank 60 2007–2009  Germany 80 Leopard 2A4 from Netherlands, with 20 updated in 2007–2008 to a 2A4M CAN version with extra belly armour for mine protection (M) and additional modular armour and other enhancements (CAN). An additional 40 tanks, designated "Leopard 2A4+", have been retained for training and the remaining 20 are to be converted to Engineer (13) and Bridge-Laying (7) support vehicles. 15 Leopard 2A4 from Germany in the summer of 2007 for Logistic Stock Vehicles (for spare parts). 12 Leopard 2A4 from Switzerland in 2010 for conversion to Armoured Recovery Vehicles. [10] Engineering, Developing & Licencing Inc. EODC awarding a contract with IBD Deisenroth Engineering for the Leopard 2A4 with a new evolution concept for modern full spectrum warfare.[11][12][13][14]
Leopard 2A6M Main Battle Tank 20 2007–  Germany A squadron of 20 Leopard 2A6M ("M" for extra mine protection) tanks "for deployed operations" were leased from the German Bundeswehr for interim use in Afghanistan starting August 2007.[15] 20 Leopard 2A6 were purchased from the Netherlands and then upgraded to the 2A6M standard.[14] The 20 leased German Leopards have been retained and in their place Canada transferred the 20 tanks upgraded to the 2A6M standard purchased from the Netherlands to Germany at the end of the lease agreement. This leaves Canada with a total of 20 Leopard 2A6Ms.

Mine-resistant vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Nyala Armoured Personnel Carrier 75 2006  United Kingdom/ South Africa The Canadian Forces use the RG-31 Mk3 with Protector M151 Remote Weapon Station. The RG-31 will be replaced by some of the 500 modern Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle from 2016 to 2018.
Cougar H JERRV Armoured Fighting Vehicle 40 2007–2009  United States/ South Africa
Buffalo A2 Mine Clearing System 19 2007–2009  United States/ South Africa [16]
JSFU Mine Clearing System 5 2000  United Kingdom
Husky Mine Clearing System 5 2007-  South Africa

Engineering and support vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Husky AVGP Armoured Recovery Vehicle 27 1976  Canada The Husky will be life-extended and will continue to be used as a maintenance and recovery vehicle for the next decade.[17] 5 loaned to African Union troops in Sudan.
ARV 3 M Buffalo Armoured Recovery Vehicle 2 (14) 2007–  Germany 2 Leopard 2-based ARVs were purchased from Germany and delivered to Afghanistan in August 2007. Another 12 are to be converted from purchased Swiss Leopard 2A4's into support variants to replace ARV Taurus (armoured recovery vehicles, armoured bridge-laying vehicles and armoured engineering vehicles are planned). [14] A contract for conversion of 8 vehicles was awarded to Rheinmetall Land Systems GmbH, of Kiel, Germany, in November 2011 and extended to a further 4 vehicles in March 2012. Final deliveries should be completed by the end of 2014. [18]
AEV Badger Armoured Engineering Vehicle 9 1990  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis; armed with 7.62-mm machine gun (coax) C6–7.62-mm machine gun (external mount) 76-mm grenade launcher. To be replaced by 13 Leopard 2 based WISENT 2 Armoured Engineering Vehicles. FFG Canada awarded contract for conversion in May 2012, anticipated to be completed by late 2015.
AVLB Beaver Armoured Bridge-Laying Vehicle 9 1978–  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis To be replaced by 7 Leopard 2 based Armoured Bridge-Laying Vehicles.
ARV Taurus Armoured Recovery Vehicle 16 1978-  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis
Galion 850 series Road grader N/A N/A  United States
Krupp KMK 2025 Crane N/A N/A  Germany
Daewoo Heavy Industries Solar 220LC-III Tracked Excavator N/A N/A  South Korea
Arva Industries Multi-Purpose Engineer Vehicle ballistic protected backhoe and front end loader 27 2010  Canada

Miscellaneous vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
TRILS Battlefield radar 4 1997  Canada Tactical Radar Identification and Location System. Based on Bison chassis.
AERIES Electronic warfare 6 1995  Canada Advanced Electronic Reconnaissance Intelligence Evaluation System. Based on Bison chassis.
ADPROWPU Water Purification Unit 40 1990s  Canada Advanced Double-pass Portable Reverse-Osmosis Water Purification Unit. Built by Zenon Environmental Inc (now GE Water). Delivery of units by DART; Contract to upgrade trailer units given to Seprotech Systems Incorporated, Ottawa ON; units used in Canada, Pakistan, Haiti and Afghanistan.

Camouflage[edit]

Vehicle camouflage used by CF Land Forces varies. Older vehicles use the 3 colour (green, brown and black) and olive drab. Those in service in the United Nations missions were painted white with the words "UN" in black or with the UN logo and a blue banner with the words "United Nations" in white).

Aircraft[edit]

Further information: Royal Canadian Air Force

All Canadian Forces aircraft, including helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles intended for army use, fall under the command of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

Artillery[edit]

Field artillery[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
L16 81mm Mortar 160 1967  United Kingdom
C2 Close Support Gun 105mm Howitzer N/A N/A  United States Upgraded to C3 105 mm Howitzer
C3 Close Support Gun 105mm Howitzer 96 1998  United States
LG1 Mark II 105mm Howitzer 28 1997  France
M777 155mm Howitzer 37 2005–2011  United Kingdom XM982 Excalibur 155mm artillery shells purchased for use with the M777.

Other equipment[edit]

Model Quantity Year Manufacturer Notes
Vanguard Mk2 UGV N/A 2007 Allen Vanguard,  Canada Vanguard Mk2 bomb disposal robot. [1] [2]
Laser Dazzler 750 2009 R. Nicholls Distributors Inc.  Canada Non-lethal directed-energy weapon for visual warning.
4100 Fragmentation Vest N/A N/A Pacific Safety Products,  Canada Model 4100. [3]
CG634 Helmet N/A 1997 CGF Gallet,  Canada Replaced M1 Helmet.
CADPAT (Canadian Disruptive Pattern) - Arid Regions uniform N/A 2002  Canada Replaced old olive green Combat Dress.
CADPAT (Canadian Disruptive Pattern) - Temperate Woodland uniform N/A 1996  Canada Replaced old olive green Combat Dress.
Improved Landmine Detection System (ILDS) N/A 2000s Qsine Corporation Limited  Canada / General Dynamics Land Systems Canada  Canada
Ferret Anti Sniper System 13 2005 MacDonald Dettwiler Corp Richmond, BC  Canada A microphone system mounted on the Coyote APC.
QuikClot N/A 2007  United States Chemical clotting agent to help clot wounds.
hypertonic fluid N/A 2007 Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC),  Canada Concentrated blood clotting agent.
Xaver 800 N/A 2007 Camero Incorporated of Vienna, Virginia  United States Microwave radar system - uses radio waves and converter to capture images.
Medium Floating Bridge (MFB) N/A N/A N/A Floating bridge.
Medium Girder Bridge (MGB) N/A N/A N/A Light modular bridge.
Minelab F1A4 N/A N/A N/A Hand-held mine detector.
NODLR N/A N/A N/A Night vision camera.
Track Way N/A N/A N/A Portable road for soft ground conditions.
E-One Cyclone N/A N/A N/A Fire pumper.
Oshkosh Striker N/A N/A N/A Airport fire tender.
744RBL Multi-Purpose Engineer Vehicle Arva Industries  Canada Rapid back hoe loader.
AT 3033 Arva Industries  Canada Rough/all terrain crane.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2012/07/11/military-truck-purchase-halted.html
  2. ^ "MacKay announces 1,300 new military trucks". Winnipeg Sun. 2009-01-09. 
  3. ^ "Oshkosh Defense delivers MSVS SMP Medium Support Vehicle System to Canadian army". January 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ "AHSVS". Canadian American Strategic Review. 
  5. ^ "Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle – TAPV". DND. 
  6. ^ "Textron Readies More Mobile TAPV for Canada". Defence News. 
  7. ^ "Textron Canada has delivered the first four TAPV 4x4 armoured vehicles to Canadian Army". August 9, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Equipment > Canadian Army > Grizzly AVGP (Armoured Vehicle General Purpose)". Department of National Defence. 
  9. ^ "LAV TUA Hull Conversions to LAV Infantry Section Carriers". Canadian American Strategic Review. 
  10. ^ "Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada". Defense Industry Daily. 
  11. ^ "IBD and EODC Introducing the Evolution Concept for Medium Armored Vehicles" (PDF) (Press release). IBD Deisenroth. 2009-06-09. 
  12. ^ "Leopard 2A4 Evolution". IBD Deisenroth. 
  13. ^ "Comprehensive Protection in Urban Warfare" (PDF). Jane's Information Group. 
  14. ^ a b c "Canada’s Renewed Tank Capability". Department of National Defence. 
  15. ^ "Background—CF Leased & Purchased Leopard 2A6M/2A4 Tanks". Canadian American Strategic Review. 
  16. ^ "Canadian Forces to Receive Additional Force Protection Vehicles > Canada > Military". Force Protection. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-11-17. 
  17. ^ "Equipment > Canadian Army > Husky". Department of National Defence. 
  18. ^ "Canadian Army’s Leopard 2 a complicated beast". Ottawa Citizen.