List of modern Canadian Army equipment

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The following is a list of equipment currently in use with the Canadian Army and Primary Reserve.

Infantry weapons[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Model Type Caliber Acquired Origin Notes
FN P-35/Hi-Power Semi-automatic pistol 9x19mm 1944-????  Belgium/ Canada Purchased from Fabrique Nationale. Also produced under license by Inglis during the Second World War.
P225/P6 or P226 Semi-automatic pistol 9x19mm N/A   Switzerland
Remington 870 c. 1950 Shotgun 12 gauge N/A  United States
C7 Assault rifle 5.56x45mm 1986  Canada License produced and modified M16 built by Diemaco (now Colt Canada).
C8 Assault rifle 5.56x45mm 1986  Canada Carbine version of the C7.
C9 LMG Light machine gun 5.56x45mm 1986  Belgium Canadian designation for the FN MINIMI.
C6 GPMG General purpose machine gun 7.62x51mm 1978  Belgium Canadian designation for the FN MAG.
FN M2HB-QCB Heavy machine gun .50 BMG (12.7x99mm) N/A  United States/ Belgium
C3A1 Sniper rifle 7.62x51mm N/A  United Kingdom Being phased out and replaced with the C14 sniper rifle.
C14 Timberwolf Sniper rifle .338 Lapua Magnum (8.6x70mm) 2005  Canada Entered service as the standard sniper rifle of the Canadian Forces.
C15 Long Range Sniper Weapon (LRSW) Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG (12.7x99mm) 2000  United States

Explosive, rocket, and missile systems[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
C13 Hand grenade N/A N/A  United States
M203A1 Underbarrel Grenade launcher N/A N/A  United States
M3 Carl Gustav Recoilless rifle N/A M2 1969
M3 1988
 Sweden
M72 LAW Shoulder-launched rocket N/A N/A  United States/ Norway
ERYX Anti-tank guided missile 435 1994  Canada
 France
Short-ranged, man portable anti-tank missile (Only sighting device is in use)

Vehicles[edit]

Utility vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
MILCOTS Silverado Light Utility Vehicle 1,061 2003–2004  United States Militarized Commercial Off-The-Shelf or, colloquially, the "Milverado". Replacing the Bombardier Iltis jeeps in non combat use. 2500HD - 2003 Basic model 861 (GM K25943HD)
G-Wagen Light Utility Vehicle 1,159 2003–2004  Germany Replaced the Iltis light trucks in combat zones.
M-Gator Light Utility Vehicle/All Terrain Vehicle 48 2007  United States
LSVW Light Support Vehicle 2,879 1993–1997  Canada Based on Iveco model 40.10 with trailer units
MLVW Medium Logistic Vehicle 2,769 1982  United States/ Canada M35/M36 series trucks built under license by Bombardier. Replacement by 1300 7000-MV between 2009–2013, but additional 1500 order was cancelled.[1]
MSVS Medium Logistic Vehicle 1300 2009–2013  United States/ Canada Replacing the MLVW between 2009–2013.[2] Option of 1690 including Off-the-Shelf and Standard Military Pattern, project close out fall 2013. Order for 1500 more was cancelled.[3]
HLVW Heavy Logistic Vehicle 1,212 1992  Canada Based on Steyr 1491 Percheron truck chassis and built under license by Urban Transportation Development Corporation.
Bv206 Tracked Utility Vehicle 78 1983  Sweden First used in combat during Operation Anaconda in March, 2002.
AHSVS Armoured Heavy Support Vehicle Systems 86 2008-?  Germany Option for additional 26.[4]
DAF XF95 Tropco Tractor HET Tractor 1-2? 2007  Netherlands Leased from Dutch Army until delivery of AHSVS is complete
Broshuis HET Heavy Equipment Trailer 1-2? 2007  Netherlands Leased from Dutch Army for use in Afghanistan.
Western Star 4900 series 1?  United States Use for Reverse Osmosis Water Purification Unit

Armoured fighting vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle Armoured reconnaissance vehicle 203 1996  Canada Replaced the Lynx in the armoured reconnaissance role. The Coyote is set to be replaced by 500 Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle (TAPV) and an option of 100 more starting in 2011.[5]
Textron TAPV Armoured Patrol Vehicle 500 2014  Canada To replace the Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle, as well as serve as an APC.[6]
Grizzly AVGP Armoured Personnel Carrier 274 1976  Canada Variants include Personnel Carrier (52),Command Post (80),Radio Relay (10),Artillery Gun Tractor (18),Mobile Repair Team (70),[7] Life-extended & relegated to support roles after 2000; 100 loaned to African Union troops in Sudan.
Bison Armoured personnel carrier 199 1990  Canada TRILS (Tactical Radar Identification and Location System) uses Bison chassis; as Ambulances (74), Mortar vehicles (60), Recovery vehicles (35), Mobile Repair Team vehicles (16), Electronic Warfare vehicles (AERIES) (14).
M113A3/MTVL Armoured personnel carrier 1,143 1960s-1991; 2001–2006  United States 289 of original 1,143 M113's delivered mid-1960s to early 1990s upgraded to A3/MTVL; remainder declared surplus; used Taurus ARV tank tow vehicle. It is anticipated that the upgraded M113s will be in service until 2020.
LAV III Infantry fighting vehicle 651 1999  Canada LAV Infantry Section Carriers (313), LAV Command Post variants (181), LAV TOW Under Armour (TUA) variants (Turret equipped with 2 TOW launchers) (33), LAV Forward Observation Officer (FOO) variants (47), LAV Engineer variants (44). 33 surplus LAV TUA hulls will be converted into LAV ISC (Infantry Section Carrier), fitted with Nanuk Remotely Controlled Weapon Station and similar to the U.S M1126 Infantry Carrier Vehicle 66 to be converted to Reconnaissance version with the fitting of Surveillance suite.[8]
ADATS Air-Defense, Anti-Tank System 34 1989  Canada/  Switzerland ADATS are mounted on M113 Armored Personnel Carrier platform. The ADATS is considered to be the most successful SHORAD system in the world with 85% or better engagement success rate. ADATS is a completely self-contained system in an unmanned turret with FLIR (Forward-Looking Infrared) and TV sensors, laser rangefinder and designator, a search radar. Composed of eight missiles, the ADATS can hit multiple threats in a few seconds.
Leopard C2 Main Battle Tank 66 1978–1979  Germany 66 Leopard C1 tanks were upgraded to Leopard C2 in 2000–2001.
Leopard 2A4+ Main Battle Tank 95 2007–2009  Germany 80 Leopard 2A4 from Netherlands, 20 were updated in 2007–2008 with to 2A4M Can version with extra belly armour and additional modular armour and other enhancements, designated "Leopard 2A4+" and 15 Leopard 2A4 from Germany for spare parts and training, in the summer of 2007. Engineering, Developing & Licencing Inc. EODC awarding a contract with IBD Deisenroth Engineering for the Leopard 2A4 with a new evolution concept for modern full spectrum warfare.[9][10][11][12]
Leopard 2A6/2A6M Main Battle Tank 20 2007–  Germany A squadron of 20 Leopard 2A6M tanks "for deployed operations" was leased from the German Bundeswehr for use in Afghanistan for interim use (starting August 2007).[13] 40 Leopard 2A6s were purchased from the Netherlands 20 will receive an upgrade to the 2A6M (mine protection) standard.[12] The 20 leased German Leopard 2A6Ms will likely be retained, and in their place Canada will likely upgrade another 20 of the 2A6s purchased from the Netherlands to the 2A6M standard at the end of the lease agreement. This would leave Canada with a total of 40 Leopard 2A6Ms.

Mine-resistant vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Mamba/Nyala Armoured Personnel Carrier 75 2006  United Kingdom/ South Africa The Canadian Forces use the RG-31 Mk3 with Protector M151 Remote Weapon Station. The RG-31 will be replaced by 500 modern Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle and an option of 100 more starting by 2014.
Cougar H JERRV Armoured Fighting Vehicle 40 2007–2009  United States/ South Africa
Buffalo A2 Mine Clearing System 19 2007–2009  United States/ South Africa [14]
JSFU Mine Clearing System 5 2000  United Kingdom
Husky Mine Clearing System 5 2007-  South Africa

Engineering and support vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Husky AVGP Armoured Recovery Vehicle 27 1976  Canada The Husky will be life-extended and will continue to be used as a maintenance and recovery vehicle for the next decade.[15] 5 loaned to African Union troops in Sudan.
ARV 3 M Buffalo Armoured Recovery Vehicle 2 (8) 2007–  Germany 2 Leopard 2-based ARVs were purchased from Germany and delivered to Afghanistan in August 2007. Another 6 Leopard 2 are to be converted from the purchased Leopard 2A4's into support variants (armoured recovery vehicles, armoured bridge-laying vehicles and armoured engineering vehicles) are planned.[12]
AEV Badger Armoured Engineering Vehicle 9 1990  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis; armed with 7.62-mm machine gun (coax) C6–7.62-mm machine gun (external mount) 76-mm grenade launcher. To be replaced by 13 Armoured Engineering Vehicle starting by 2011.
AVLB Beaver Armoured Bridge-Laying Vehicle 9 1978–  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis
ARV Taurus Armoured Recovery Vehicle 16 1978-  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis
Galion 850 series Road grader N/A N/A  United States
Krupp KMK 2025 Crane N/A N/A  Germany
Daewoo Heavy Industries Solar 220LC-III Tracked Excavator N/A N/A  South Korea
Arva Industries Multi-Purpose Engineer Vehicle ballistic protected backhoe and front end loader 27 2010  Canada

Miscellaneous vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
TRILS Battlefield radar 4 1997  Canada Tactical Radar Identification and Location System. Based on Bison chassis.
AERIES Electronic warfare 6 1995  Canada Advanced Electronic Reconnaissance Intelligence Evaluation System. Based on Bison chassis.
ADPROWPU Water Purification Unit 40 1990s  Canada Advanced Double-pass Portable Reverse-Osmosis Water Purification Unit. Built by Zenon Environmental Inc (now GE Water). Delivery of units by DART; Contract to upgrade trailer units given to Seprotech Systems Incorporated, Ottawa ON; units used in Canada, Pakistan, Haiti and Afghanistan.

Camouflage[edit]

Vehicle camouflage used by CF Land Forces varies. Older vehicles use the 3 colour (green, brown and black) and olive drab. Those in service in the United Nations missions were painted white with the words "UN" in black or with the UN logo and a blue banner with the words "United Nations" in white).

Aircraft[edit]

Further information: Royal Canadian Air Force

All Canadian Forces aircraft, including helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles intended for army use, fall under the command of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

Artillery[edit]

Field artillery[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
L16 81mm Mortar 160 1967  United Kingdom
C2 Close Support Gun 105mm Howitzer N/A N/A  United States Upgraded to C3 105 mm Howitzer
C3 Close Support Gun 105mm Howitzer 96 1998  United States
LG1 Mark II 105mm Howitzer 28 1997  France
M777 155mm Howitzer 37 2005–2011  United Kingdom XM982 Excalibur 155mm artillery shells purchased for use with the M777.

Other equipment[edit]

Model Quantity Year Manufacturer Notes
Vanguard Mk2 UGV N/A 2007 Allen Vanguard,  Canada Vanguard Mk2 bomb disposal robot. [1] [2]
Laser Dazzler 750 2009 R. Nicholls Distributors Inc.  Canada Non-lethal directed-energy weapon for visual warning.
4100 Fragmentation Vest N/A N/A Pacific Safety Products,  Canada Model 4100. [3]
CG634 Helmet N/A 1997 CGF Gallet,  Canada Replaced M1 Helmet.
CADPAT (Canadian Disruptive Pattern) - Arid Regions uniform N/A 2002  Canada Replaced old olive green Combat Dress.
CADPAT (Canadian Disruptive Pattern) - Temperate Woodland uniform N/A 1996  Canada Replaced old olive green Combat Dress.
Improved Landmine Detection System (ILDS) N/A 2000s Qsine Corporation Limited  Canada / General Dynamics Land Systems Canada  Canada
Ferret Anti Sniper System 13 2005 MacDonald Dettwiler Corp Richmond, BC  Canada A microphone system mounted on the Coyote APC.
QuikClot N/A 2007  United States Chemical clotting agent to help clot wounds.
hypertonic fluid N/A 2007 Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC),  Canada Concentrated blood clotting agent.
Xaver 800 N/A 2007 Camero Incorporated of Vienna, Virginia  United States Microwave radar system - uses radio waves and converter to capture images.
Medium Floating Bridge (MFB) N/A N/A N/A Floating bridge.
Medium Girder Bridge (MGB) N/A N/A N/A Light modular bridge.
Minelab F1A4 N/A N/A N/A Hand-held mine detector.
NODLR N/A N/A N/A Night vision camera.
Track Way N/A N/A N/A Portable road for soft ground conditions.
E-One Cyclone N/A N/A N/A Fire pumper.
Oshkosh Striker N/A N/A N/A Airport fire tender.
744RBL Multi-Purpose Engineer Vehicle Arva Industries  Canada Rapid back hoe loader.
AT 3033 Arva Industries  Canada Rough/all terrain crane.

References[edit]