Milk fiber

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Milk fiber or "Milk wool" is a type of Azlon a regenerated protein fiber based on the casein protein found in milk. There are several trade names for milk casein based fibers including Lanital, and Aralac.

SNIA Viscosa building
SNIA Viscosa the first producer of Milk fiber

Invention and history[edit]

First produced and patented in Italy in 1935 by Antonio Ferretti[1] and sold under the name Lanital, Milk fiber was created under a national self sufficiency drive and was intended to capitalize on previous successes with Rayon.[2] Milk fibers enjoyed a brief period of success in the 1930s and 1940s. The popularity of milk fibers declined rapidly once full-synthetic fibers were developed. Full-synthetic fibers such as Acrylic were able to significantly undercut milk fiber on price while being more durable[3]. During the 2010s several producers tried to reintroduce milk fibers to commercial production.

Production process[edit]

The production process of milk fiber was of some public interest and was documented on film by several contemporary sources.[4] A simplified overview of the process is as follows:[5]

  1. Acid is mixed with milk to extract the casein.
  2. Water is evaporated to form casein crystals.
  3. The casein is hydrated to a thick syrup and extruded through spinnerets.
  4. The resulting fiber is passed through a hardening bath.
  5. The continuous fiber is then cut to the desired length.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Artificial Wool Production in Italy". Nature. 140 (3556): 1090–1090. 1937-12-01. doi:10.1038/1401090a0. ISSN 1476-4687.
  2. ^ Waters, Michael (2017-07-28). "How Clothing Made From Milk Became the Height of Fascist Fashion". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
  3. ^ "Making clothes from milk". 2 August 2017.
  4. ^ Making Wool From Milk (1937), retrieved 2019-11-27
  5. ^ "H. Irving Crane Papers". National Museum of American History. Retrieved 2019-11-27.