Millî Görüş

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Millî Görüş (Turkish: [milˈliː ɡøˈɾyʃ], "National Outlook" or "National Vision") is a religio-political movement and a series of Islamist parties inspired by Necmettin Erbakan. It has been called one of "the leading Turkish diaspora organizations in Europe"[1] and also described as the largest Islamic organization operating in the West.[2] Founded in 1969, the movement claimed to have "87,000 members across Europe, including 50,000 in Germany," as of 2005.[3] The term also refers to the "religious vision" of the organization[1] that emphasizes the moral and spiritual strength of Islamic faith (Iman) and explains the Muslim world's decline as a result of its imitation of Western values (such as secularism) and inappropriate use of Western technology.[4] The Movement is active in nearly all European countries and also countries like Australia[5] Canada and the United States.

Head office of the Islamic Community Milli Görüş in Köln, Germany.

Background[edit]

In 1969 the Turkish politician Necmettin Erbakan published a manifesto that he gave the title Millî Görüş.[6] It spoke only in the most general terms of Islamic moral and religious education but devoted much attention to industrialization, development and economic independence.[citation needed]

It warned against further rapprochement towards Europe, considering the Common Market to be a Zionist and Catholic project for the assimilation and de-Islamization of Turkey and called instead for Pan-Islamism. According to author Banu Eligur, Erbakan and the party "used the code words national and culture to refer to Islam, and National Vision to refer to the project of Political Islam" as "it is illegal" in Turkey "to use religious symbols for political purposes."[7]

The name of Millî Görüş would remain associated with a religio-political movement and a series of Islamist parties inspired by Erbakan, one succeeding the other as they were banned for violating Turkey’s secularist legislation.

Islamist rift[edit]

Following the ban of the Virtue Party (FP), a rift that had been developing in the movement resulted in two parties taking its place, the Felicity Party (SP) representing Erbakan’s old guard, and the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) led by younger and more pragmatic politicians around Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, which claims to have renounced a specifically Islamist agenda. The AK Party convincingly won the 2002 elections and formed a government with a strong popular mandate, that brought Turkey closer to acceptance for membership in the European Union than any previous government had done.

European Turkish diaspora[edit]

Among the Turkish immigrants in Western Europe, Milli Görüş became one of the major, if not the major, religious movements, controlling numerous mosques. Like the movement in Turkey, it went through some remarkable changes, not least because the first generation, which was strongly oriented towards what happened in Turkey, is gradually surrendering leadership to a younger generation that grew up in Europe and is concerned with entirely different matters. Milli Görüş’ public profile shows considerable differences from one country to the next, suggesting that nature of the interaction with the ‘host’ societies may have as much of an impact on its character as a religious movement as the relationship with the ‘mother’ movement in Turkey.

According to several sources in Germany the attitude of the German branch towards Turkey has completely changed. After the taking over of Erdogan and the AKP the organisation is mainly serving the interest of the turkish government which now subsidizes the organisation. Diyanet, AKP and the turkish government practically control the organisations public statements and appearances. [8] [9] [10] [11][12]

Because of fraud and criminal offences of the board of directors several trials are running against the organisation.[13] [14][15]

Timeline[edit]

People's Voice PartyTurkey PartyFelicity PartyVirtue PartyWelfare PartyNational Salvation PartyNational Order Party

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Religion and politics in Turkey By Ali Çarkŏğlu, Barry Rubin, Barry M. Rubin, p.63
  2. ^ An interview with the President of the IGMG: visit "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
  3. ^ Where next? by Zachary Shore, July 15, 2005
  4. ^ Religion and politics in Turkey By Ali Çarkŏğlu, Barry Rubin, Barry M. Rubin, p.64
  5. ^ Australia Milli Gorus: visit http://www.icmg.org.au
  6. ^ Atacan 2005, 187-188.
  7. ^ The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey By Banu Eligur, p.66-7
  8. ^ Joachim Frank, "Türkische Islam-Verbände: Ditib und Milli Görüs im Schulterschluss" (in German), Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger, https://www.ksta.de/politik/tuerkische-islam-verbaende-ditib-und-milli-goerues-im-schulterschluss-29949890#. Retrieved 2018-06-17 
  9. ^ "Große Erwartungen, falsche Voraussetzungen – murat-kayman.de" (in German). Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  10. ^ Bundesregierung Antwort Kleine Anfrage (2018-04-25). "DITIB als verlängerter Arm des Türkischen Präsidenten Erdoğan" (PDF). Deutscher Bundestag Drucksache 19/1869. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  11. ^ "Osmanische Krieger am Rheinufer – murat-kayman.de" (in German). Retrieved 2018-06-19.
  12. ^ Yasemin Ergin, Berlin, "Türken in Deutschland: Schwindender Rückhalt für Erdogan" (in German), FAZ.NET, ISSN 0174-4909, http://www.faz.net/1.5647555. Retrieved 2018-08-22 
  13. ^ Daniel Bax (2017-09-12), "Klagen gegen Milli-Görüş-Funktionäre: Die verschlungenen Wege des Geldes" (in German), Die Tageszeitung: taz, ISSN 0931-9085, http://www.taz.de/!5443316/. Retrieved 2018-06-17 
  14. ^ Ansgar Siemens (2017-09-18), "Prozess gegen Ex-Islamfunktionäre: Das Millionenopfer" (in German), Spiegel Online, http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/milli-goerues-prozess-gegen-ehemalige-funktionaere-a-1168441.html. Retrieved 2018-06-17 
  15. ^ Yuriko Wahl-Immel (2017-09-19), "Islamverband Milli Görüs soll jahrelang Gläubige und Fiskus betrogen haben" (in German), DIE WELT, https://www.welt.de/regionales/nrw/article168782012/Islamverband-soll-jahrelang-Glaeubige-und-Fiskus-betrogen-haben.html. Retrieved 2018-06-17 

Literature[edit]