Mill Ends Park

Coordinates: 45°30′58″N 122°40′24″W / 45.516213°N 122.673254°W / 45.516213; -122.673254
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Mill Ends Park
The park in 2018
TypeUrban park
LocationSW Naito Pkwy. and Taylor St.
Portland, Oregon
Coordinates45°30′58″N 122°40′24″W / 45.516213°N 122.673254°W / 45.516213; -122.673254
Area452 sq in (0.292 m2)
Operated byPortland Parks & Recreation

Mill Ends Park (sometimes mistakenly called Mill's End Park)[1] is an extremely small urban park, consisting of one tree, located in the median strip of SW Naito Parkway next to Tom McCall Waterfront Park along the Willamette River near SW Taylor Street in the downtown core of Portland, Oregon, United States. The park is a small circle 2 ft (0.61 m) across, with a total area of 452 sq in (0.292 m2). It is the smallest park in the world, according to the Guinness Book of Records, which first granted it this recognition in 1971, though this title may be soon given to a 2022 park in Talent, Oregon, which is 78 sq in (500 cm2) smaller.[2][3]


The park in summer 2004 (before remodeling)

In 1948 the site that would become Mill Ends Park was intended to be the site for a light pole. When the pole failed to appear and weeds sprouted in the opening, Dick Fagan, a columnist for The Oregon Journal, planted flowers in the hole and named it after his column in the paper, "Mill Ends" (a reference to leftover irregular pieces of wood at lumber mills).[4] Fagan's office in the Journal building overlooked the median in the middle of the busy thoroughfare that ran in front of the building (then known as SW Front Avenue).

The park was dedicated on St. Patrick's Day, 1976, as "the only leprechaun colony west of Ireland," according to Fagan.[5]


The park in November 2011

Fagan told this story of the park's origin: He looked out the window and spotted a leprechaun digging in the hole. He ran down and grabbed the leprechaun, which meant that he had earned a wish. Fagan said he wished for a park of his own, but since he had not specified the size of the park in his wish, the leprechaun gave him the hole.[6] Over the next two decades, Fagan often featured the park and its head leprechaun in his whimsical column. Fagan claimed to be the only person who could see the head leprechaun, Patrick O'Toole.[5]

Fagan published a threat by O'Toole about the 11 o'clock curfew set on all city parks. O'Toole dared the mayor to try to evict him and his followers from Mill Ends and threatened a leprechaun curse on him should he attempt to do so. Subsequently, no legal action was taken, and the leprechauns were allowed to stay in the park after hours.[7]

According to legend, the leprechauns at Mill Ends Park are only visible to humans at midnight during a full moon on St. Patrick's Day -- and even then, only to children bearing four-leaf clovers as gifts. The next St. Patrick's Day full moon is March 17, 2041.[8]


Fagan died of cancer in 1969, but the park lives on, cared for by others. It was named an official city park in 1976.[2]

The small circle has featured many unusual items through the decades, including a swimming pool for butterflies—complete with diving board—a horseshoe, a fragment of the Journal building, and a miniature Ferris wheel, which was delivered by a full-size crane.[9] On St. Patrick's Day, 2001, the park was visited by a tiny leprechaun leaning against his pot of gold and children's drawings of four-leaf clovers and leprechauns.[2] The park continues to be the site of St. Patrick's Day festivities. The events held here include concerts by Clan Macleay Pipe Band, picnics, and rose plantings by the Junior Rose Festival Court.[5]

The park in 2007

In February 2006, the park was temporarily relocated during road construction to a planter outside the World Trade Center Portland, about 80 feet (24 m) from its permanent location. It was returned to its home—now named SW Naito Parkway—on March 16, 2007, in true St. Patrick's Day style with the Royal Rosarians, bagpipers, and the Fagan family, including Dick's widow, Katherine, in attendance.[5][10] The legend lives on in the Fagan family. One of Fagan's sons, Pat Fagan, lives in Gladstone and has enjoyed sharing the park with his own son. "He loves it," Pat Fagan said. "It's still the largest leprechaun colony west of Ireland."[11]

The park during Occupy Portland, December 2011

In December 2011, plastic army men figures and small signs were placed in Mill Ends as a tongue-in-cheek flash mob demonstration for Occupy Portland.[12] One man, Cameron Scott Whitten, was arrested after he was asked by police to move from the sidewalk and refused.[13]

In March 2013, the park's tree was stolen. Officials planted a replacement tree, and one day later, a passerby found what appeared to be the stolen tree lying next to the new one.[14][15]

The next month, officials from Burntwood, England, complained to Guinness, claiming that Mill Ends was not large enough to be a park and that Prince's Park, smallest in the UK, should hold the world record since it "has a fence around it" among other features.[16] In response, volunteers erected a fence (several inches tall) around and stationed an "armed guard" in the park.[17]

In 2018, Portland Parks & Recreation installed a miniaturized park sign and planted miniature roses.[18]

In December 2019, the tree was cut down by an unknown vandal. However, the tree was soon replaced.[19]

As of July 2021, the park was "temporarily under construction as part of PBOT's Better Naito Forever."[20]

Construction was completed in January 2022, including a new sign. The park had moved six inches from its previous location during improvements along the Naito Parkway.[21]

The park's sole tree went absent during the January 13–16, 2024 North American winter storm, a time when storms felled many trees in Portland. KGW noted that the $29 replacement cost of the tree was up from the $3-5 tree replacement estimate in 2019.[22]

See also[edit]

  • Forest Park, also in Portland, among the largest urban forests in the country at over 5,000 acres (2,000 ha)
  • Waldo Park, another small park consisting of a tree, located in nearby Salem
  • Hess Triangle, New York, the world's smallest non-public parcel.


  1. ^ Archived March 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c Young, Amalie (May 6, 2001). "One step and you've left Mill Ends Park". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  3. ^ Rothborne, Morgan (June 30, 2022). "Talent unveils tiniest park on Earth". Mail Tribune. Archived from the original on December 5, 2022. Retrieved July 10, 2022.
  4. ^ "Whose Bright Idea Was It to Claim Portland Has the World's Smallest Park?". Willamette Week. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d City of Portland. "Portland Parks and Recreation: Mill Ends Park". Retrieved July 8, 2010.
  6. ^ Kimmel, Eric A. "Mill Ends Park". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  7. ^ Jen West (August 28, 2008), "Mill Ends Park: The Smallest Park in the World – Portland, Oregon …", BootsnAll, BootsnAll Travel Network, LLC. Travel Network, LLC., archived from the original on July 10, 2017, retrieved February 9, 2021
  8. ^ "Almanac, March 2042",, retrieved January 24, 2022
  9. ^ "11 Fun Facts About Mill Ends Park, Portland's Leprechaun Colony". March 16, 2017. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  10. ^ Hayes, Chatten (March 15, 2007). "It's a big occasion for tiniest park on planet". inPortland magazine. The Oregonian.
  11. ^ "Stumptown Stumper". Portland Tribune. August 24, 2006. Retrieved April 24, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Ronning, Gina (December 16, 2011). "The Biggest Occupation Ever". Portland Occupier. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
  13. ^ Mather, Kate (December 16, 2011). "One person arrested after Occupy Portland flash mob in Mill Ends Park". Oregon Live. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
  14. ^ Hottman, Sara (March 7, 2013). "Tree Stolen from Mill Ends Park Replaced – For the Good of Leprechauns, Officials Say". The Oregonian. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  15. ^ Hottman, Sara (March 8, 2013). "Tree Stolen from Portland's Mill Ends Park Returned – Maybe Leprechaun Magic, Maybe Remorse, Officials Say". The Oregonian. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  16. ^ Hawkes, Ross (April 8, 2014). "World's smallest park record challenged as Burntwood landmark bids to win title". Lichfield Live. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  17. ^ Bell, Ifanyi (April 13, 2013). "Take That Lichfield: Tiny Fence Now At Tiny Park". Oregon Public Broadcasting. Archived from the original on April 13, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  18. ^ Barr, Max (May 24, 2018). "Portland's tiny Mill Ends Park now has its own tiny sign". KREM. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  19. ^ "Tree cut down at World's Smallest Park in Portland". December 27, 2019.
  20. ^ "Mill Ends Park".
  21. ^ Hanin Najjar (January 19, 2022), The world's smallest park returns to Naito Parkway, new and improved, KPTV
  22. ^ Jamie Parfitt (9 February 2024). "Portland park, the world's smallest, deforested in one fell swoop". Retrieved 11 February 2024.

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