Millennium Tower (San Francisco)

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Millennium Tower
Millennium Tower.jpg
General information
Type Residential condominiums
Location 301 Mission Street
San Francisco, California
Coordinates 37°47′25″N 122°23′46″W / 37.7904°N 122.3961°W / 37.7904; -122.3961Coordinates: 37°47′25″N 122°23′46″W / 37.7904°N 122.3961°W / 37.7904; -122.3961
Construction started 2005
Completed 2009
Opening April 23, 2009
Cost US$350 million [1]
Owner Mission Street Development, LLC
Antenna spire 645 ft (197 m)
Roof 605 ft (184 m)
Top floor 592 ft (180 m)
Technical details
Floor count 58
Floor area 1,150,000 sq ft (107,000 m2)
Lifts/elevators 12
Design and construction
Architect Handel Architects
Developer Millennium Partners
Structural engineer DeSimone Consulting Engineers
Main contractor Webcor Builders
Other information
Number of units 419

Millennium Tower is a 58-story, 196.6 m (645 ft) condominium skyscraper completed in 2009 in the South of Market district in downtown San Francisco.[1] A mixed-use, primarily residential structure, it is the tallest building in San Francisco to include residences.[4]

The blue-gray glass, late-modernist tower is bounded by Mission, Fremont, and Beale Streets, and the north end of the Transbay Transit Center site. The building was opened to residents on April 23, 2009. Its highest level, 58 floors above the ground,[3][6][7] is listed as the 60th, because floors 13 and 44 are missing for superstitious reasons.[8]


The US$350 million project was developed by Millennium Partners of New York City, designed by Handel Architects, engineered by DeSimone Consulting Engineers and constructed by Webcor Builders. At 645 ft (197 m), it is the tallest concrete structure in San Francisco, the fourth tallest building in San Francisco overall, and the tallest since 345 California Street in 1986.[1][9][10] It was also the tallest residential building west of the Mississippi River when finished (later surpassed by The Austonian in Texas).[11] The tower is slender, with each floor containing 14,000 sq ft (1,300 m2) of floor space.[12] In addition to the 58-story tower, there is an 125 ft (38 m), 11-story tower on the northeast end of the complex.[9] Between the two towers is a 43 ft (13 m), two-story glass atrium. In total, the project has 419 units.

The residences are said to be the priciest on the West Coast, with penthouse units on the top two floors selling for around US$12 million.[13][14] The bottom 25 floors of the main tower are called Residences while the floors from 26 to the top have the name Grand Residences. The 53 units in the 12-story tower are called the City Residences.[1] Below street level, there are 434 parking spaces in a five-level subterranean garage located under the 11-story tower.[9] The building is located next to the site of the future Transbay Transit Center. Overall, the tower's design is intended to resemble a translucent crystal, and is a landmark for the Transbay Redevelopment and the southern skyline of San Francisco.[12]

Millennium Tower is also home to RN74, a restaurant and wine bar under the direction of Chef Michael Mina, located on the ground floor.[15] Resident services include a private concierge and exclusive access to the 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) Club Level, featuring an owners’ lounge, tasting room and cellar, private dining room (serviced by Chef Michael Mina’s RN74), screening room, children’s playroom, outdoor terrace, and a 5,500-square-foot (510 m2) fitness center, complete with Pilates and yoga studios, massage therapy, locker rooms, Jacuzzi and steam rooms as well as a 75-foot (23 m), indoor, competition-length lap pool. A monthly events program called La Vie was launched in 2010. La Vie provides residents with monthly offerings, from film screenings in the Club Level’s screening room to celebrity fireside chats, on- and off-site winemaker events, musical performances, and more.[16]


The Millennium Tower in August 2016

Millennium Partners first proposed the development in 2002 with 163 condominiums, 108 rentals and a 136-unit "extended stay" hotel rooms.[17] The project was approved in 2003 by the S.F. Planning Commission 4-1 and construction began in 2005. The only against vote came from Planning Commissioner Sue Lee.[9]

On September 6, 2010, Dan Goodwin, also known as SpiderDan and Skyscraperman, scaled the outside of the tower using suction cups. Following the climb, Goodwin was arrested by the San Francisco police who charged him with trespassing.[18]

In 2013, the building sold its final unit, generating US$750 million in total sales, a 25 percent return on the estimated US$600 million in development costs.[19]

In 2016, the building was found to be sinking and tilting, perhaps as a result from developer cost-cutting by driving piles only 80 feet deep, and not 200 feet. An examination in 2016 showed the building had sunk 16 inches with a two inch tilt towards the north west.[20]


Millennium Tower sign on the South facade

The building has garnered several awards from several engineering and architectural organisations.[21]

  • 2008: American Concrete Institute Awards, Northern California – Construction
  • 2008: Concrete Industry Board – Roger H. CIB Award of Merit
  • 2009: American Society of Civil Engineers, Region 9 – Structural Engineering Project of the Year
  • 2008: American Society of Civil Engineers, San Francisco Section – Outstanding Structural Engineering Project
  • 2009: Metal Architecture Magazine – April 2009 edition Top Honor
  • 2009: California Construction – Outstanding Project Management
  • 2009: California Construction – Multi-family/Residential, Award of Merit
  • 2010: San Francisco Business Times – Deal of the Year Award
  • 2010: San Francisco Chamber of Commerce Excellence in Business Awards – Building San Francisco Award

Notable residents[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d J.K. Dineen (15 June 2007). "Millennium Pours on Condos". The San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  2. ^ "Millennium Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  3. ^ a b Millennium Tower (San Francisco) at Emporis
  4. ^ a b "Millennium Tower". SkyscraperPage. 
  5. ^ Millennium Tower (San Francisco) at Structurae
  6. ^ Roorda, Derrick D.; Rodrigues, Nicolas J. "Design of the Tallest Reinforced Concrete Structure in California — A 58-Story Residential Tower in San Francisco". Crossing Borders. American Society of Civil Engineers. Retrieved March 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ Taranath, Bungale S. (2009). Reinforced concrete design of tall buildings. CRC Press. p. 768. ISBN 1-4398-0480-X. 
  8. ^ Dineen, J.K. (2010-03-28). "Millennium Tower soars to new heights". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 2011-03-29. 
  9. ^ a b c d Patrick Hoge (2003-08-01). "Planners approve 58-story Tower; 301 Mission St. would be S.F.'s 4th-Tallest". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
  10. ^ "345 California Center". Emporis. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  11. ^ "Millennium Tower (San Francisco)". Enclos Corp. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  12. ^ a b King, John (2003-12-21). "A chance to reach new heights Towers could energize S.F. skyline". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
  13. ^ Dineen, J. (2007-11-02). "The Sky's the Limit". The San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  14. ^ Temple, James (2008-02-16). "High-end home sales soar in Bay Area". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  15. ^ "RN74 at the Millennium Tower". SF Luxe. 2009-05-25. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  16. ^ Kime, Susan (2010-10-12). "The Design Of Community: The New La Vie Dimension at the Millennium Towers in San Francisco". Luxist. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  17. ^ Adams, Gerald D. (May 18, 2002). "58-story skyscraper seeking S.F. approval / Proposal for city's fourth-highest tower". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  18. ^ The Associated Press (September 6, 2010). "Police Arrest Man Who Scaled Millennium Tower". The San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on September 10, 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  19. ^ Dineen, J.K. (2013-04-05). "Millennium Tower in San Francisco is a $750M sellout". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  20. ^ "SF's landmark tower for rich and famous is sinking and tilting". Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  21. ^ Millennium Tower (San Francisco) at Structurae
  22. ^ Whiting, Sam (6 July 2010). "Joe Montana finds empty nest in San Francisco". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  23. ^ Dineen, J.K. (22 September 2009). "Tom Perkins bags Millennium Tower condo for $9.35M". The San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  24. ^

External links[edit]