Mary Millicent Abigail Rogers (February 1, 1902 - January 1, 1953), better known as Millicent Rogers, was a socialite, fashion icon, and art collector. She was the granddaughter of Standard Oil tycoon Henry Huttleston Rogers, and an heiress to his wealth. Rogers is notable for having been an early supporter and enthusiast of Southwestern-style art and jewelry, and is often credited for its reaching a national and international audience. Later in life, she became an activist, and was among the first celebrities to champion the cause of Native American civil rights. She is still credited today as an influence on major fashion designers.
Rogers was born February 1, 1902. Her mother was Mary Benjamin and her father was Henry Huttleston Rogers II, whose father was one of Rockefeller's partners in Standard Oil. She grew up in Manhattan, Tuxedo Park, and Southampton, New York.
When Rogers contracted rheumatic fever as a young child, doctors predicted she would not live past the age of 10. She suffered from poor health for the rest of her life, having multiple heart attacks, bouts with double pneumonia, and a mostly crippled left arm by the time she was 40 years old.
In the 1920s, as a young woman Rogers became well-known on the socialite scene, and photographs of her were often featured in Vogue and Harper's Bazaar. Newspaper gossip columns, such as the one in the Hearst's New York Journal-American, regularly detailed her personal life. Rogers lived as an expatriate from 1932, settling in St. Anton, Austria in 1934, and remaining in Europe until World War II broke out.
In 1947, Rogers retreated to a small adobe home in Taos, New Mexico, which she referred to as Turtle Walk. While living there, she purchased more than 2,000 Native American artifacts. In 1951, Rogers and several prominent friends (including authors Frank Waters, Oliver Lafarge and Lucius Beebe) hired lawyers and visited Washington, D.C. to promote the issue of Indian rights and citizenship. She successfully lobbied for Native American art to be classified as historic, and therefore protected.
Rogers was married three times during the course of her life. Her first marriage was in January 1924, when she eloped with an Austrian Count, Ludwig von Salm-Hoogstraeten, and was married in a New York courtroom; she was 21 years old and the groom was 38. A professional tennis player and an aspiring film actor through most of their short marriage, Salm-Hoogstraeten was characterized by The New York Times as "a gold-digging Austrian count" and Time called him "penniless." The couple had one son together, but had legally separated before the boy was born. Their divorce was finalized in April 1927.
- Peter Salm (1924-1994)
On November 8, 1927, she married Arturo Peralta-Ramos They were married in the parish house of the Roman Catholic Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and Mary in Southampton, Long Island, with only Rogers' father and a few friends in attendance. Approving of the marriage, Henry Huddleston Rogers II gave the couple a $500,000 trust fund, with the provision that Peralta-Ramos "lay no future claim to the Rogers fortune, estimated at $40,000,000." The couple had two children together:
- Arturo Henry Peralta-Ramos Jr. (1928-2015)
- Paul Jaime Peralta-Ramos (1931-2003)
Peralta-Ramos filed for divorce on December 6, 1935, with both parties citing "extreme cruelty". Rogers' third and final husband was Ronald Balcom, an American stockbroker. They were married in Vienna on February 26, 1936, and were divorced in February 1941. They had no children together.
Rogers was romantically linked to a number of notable men throughout her life, including author Roald Dahl, actor Clark Gable, the author Ian Fleming, the Prince of Wales, Prince Serge Obolensky, and Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta, an heir to the Italian throne.
Millicent Rogers Museum
In 1956, the Youngest son Paul Peralta - Ramos founded the Millicent Rogers Museum in Taos, New Mexico. The museum houses a large collection of Native American, Hispanic, and Euro-American art, with a specific emphasis on northern New Mexico and Taos pieces. It first opened in a temporary location in the mid-1950s, later moving to its permanent location in the late 1960s, a home built by Claude J. K. and Elizabeth Anderson. It was later remodeled and expanded by architect Nathaniel A. Owings.
- Owens, Mitchell (August 19, 2001). "Desert Flower". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- Petkanas, Christopher (March 16, 2010). "Fabulous Dead People: Millicent Rogers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- McFadden, David Revere. "Beauty and the Best: Millicent Rogers Museum". The Collector’s Guide to Santa Fe and Taos. 10. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Millicent Rogers". NewMexico.org. New Mexico Tourism Department. Archived from the original on 2011-11-13.
- "Count Was Broke During Honeymoon". The Telegraph Herald. January 24, 1956. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Milestones, Jan. 12, 1963". Time. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Peter A. Salm '50". Princeton Alumni Weekly. July 6, 1994. Archived from the original on June 30, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Millicent Rogers Granted Divorce". The Milwaukee Journal. April 14, 1927. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- Lopes, Myra (February 25, 2010). "Mary Millicent Rogers had rich, colorful life". South Coast Today. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Millicent Rogers Embarks Again upon Matrimonial Sea". The Sunday Vindicator. November 8, 1927. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Millicent Rogers sued for divorce". Youngstown Vindicator. December 7, 1935. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Standard Oil Heiress Married Third Time". The Baltimore Sun. February 27, 1936. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Millicent Rogers Sued For Divorce". The Miami News. February 23, 1941. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- "Socks away! Roald Dahl's wartime sex raids". The Times. Retrieved 2015-06-27. (Subscription required (help)).
- "About the Museum". MillicentRogers.org. Millicent Rogers Museum. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- Horyn, Cathy (January 27, 2010). "In Paris, Tempted by History". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- Burns, Cherie (2011). Searching for Beauty : The Life of Millicent Rogers. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9780312547240.
- Burns, Cherie (September 17, 2011). "Thoroughly Marvelous Millie". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- Hoffman, Jill. "Millicent Rogers". MillicentRogers.org. Millicent Rogers Museum. Retrieved 2015-06-27. Essay by former MRM director.
- Morris, Roger (1993). "Millicent Rogers' New Mexico Legacy". Architectural Digest. 50 (6).
- Tisdale, Shelby Jo-Anne; Addison, Doty; Millicent Rogers Museum (2006). Fine Indian Jewelry of the Southwest : The Millicent Rogers Museum Collection. Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press. ISBN 9780890134825.
- West, Beverly. "Millicent Rogers: collector / artists of lifestyle". More Than Petticoats. Remarkable New Mexico Women. Guilford, Conn.: TwoDot. ISBN 9780762712229.