IBM Canada Head Office Building in Milliken Mills West
Map highlighting Milliken, Milliken Mills West, and Milliken Mills East
|Cities||Markham (Milliken Mills)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Milliken and Milliken Mills are neighbourhoods in the cities of Toronto and Markham, comprising Milliken in the city of Toronto and Milliken Mills East and Milliken Mills West in the city of Markham. Located in the north east section of Scarborough and south east Unionville, the neighbourhoods are centered on Old Kennedy Road (see also Kennedy Road in York Region) and Steeles Avenue.
A huge percentage of people own their homes, which are primarily single detached homes. As the homes were built when the farming left (1980s) there are many two storied houses with garage, typical of the time of building and affordability.
The area now called "Milliken" or "Milliken's Corner" was first settled in 1798 by William Dumont. Norman Milliken settled in the area around 1807. In 1814, Milliken received the deed for lot 1, concession 5, Markham Township. Milliken operated a lumber business in what was then a rural hamlet called Milliken Corners. The hamlet became a postal village when the first post office was established in 1858 (on the now Markham side) and was called Milliken after Norman Millken.
The Ebenezer United Church (1878; originally Milliken Primitive Methodist Church) is one of a few structures remaining in the area. The church once stood on the south side of Steeles Avenue with another church on Brimley Road. Plots at the church are many of the early families of Milliken: Thomson, Rennie, Harding, Hood, Hagerman and L'Amoreaux. The church is now located on Brimley Rd, north of Steeles Ave in Markham.
Another structure that survives from the 19th century is Benjamin Milliken House constructed circa 1855. It is a Georgian Classic Revival house built by Norman Milliken's son, Benjamin Milliken II, on his farm located on Part of Lot 5, Concession 5, Markham Township. It was designated by the Town of Markham as a historic building under the Ontario Heritage Act in 1994. Benjamin Milliken House is located at 7710 Kennedy Road, Markham and is now a pub called The Major Milliken.
To the Milliken community, municipal boundaries were just lines on a map and the community's history can be found in the Archives of both Scarborough and Unionville. School Section # 2 was established here in 1847, and a log school was built during the same year.
In 1954, the area south of Steeles Avenue was severed from York County, forming the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto. As the community was situated along Steeles Avenue, it was split between the two county/regional governments. The southern portion of the community, Milliken, became a part of Metropolitan Toronto, whereas the northern portion of the community, Milliken Mills, remained with York County (reorganized into the Regional Municipality of York in 1971).
Once agricultural land, much of which disappeared with residential development beginning in the 1970s and ending near the late 1980s. The City of Markham initiated an initiative to develop "Main Street Milliken" around Old Kennedy Rd. The area has suffered from years of neglect, and revitalization plans have been welcomed by community members. New developments include a condominium development on Kennedy and Denison, Dairy Queen, Major Milliken Pub and a new housing project on Old Kennedy Rd.
The neighbourhood only gave up its final farming activities in the early 1980s and is modernizing by the year. There are green spaces such as Milliken Park, Goldhawk Park and many others, also the Milliken Trail is a walking tour of the neighbourhood.
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A growing hub of community activity is Milliken Park Community Recreation Centre, which is located on the Northwest corner of Milliken Park and at the Southeast corner of the intersection of Steeles Avenue and McCowan Road. The centre is home to a variety of camps, after-school programs and cultural activities designed to cater to local demand. To provide optimal service for the area, City of Toronto staff are in regular consultation with an advisory board, which includes representatives from local community associations, such as the Goldhawk Community Association, Brimley Forest Community Association, Richmond Park Association, and the Milliken Park Community Association. Annually, the City of Toronto staff, the advisory board, and the community associations organize special events for the communities at Milliken Park Community Recreation Centre. Some examples of these major events include the annual Community Christmas Party, Spring Fling, and Fall Fair.
The demographics of the community is made up of mainly immigrants with a strong Chinese Canadian presence. It is home to one of several Chinatowns in Toronto. For this reason, a new retail commercial condominium project is underway in the area called The Landmark. The Chinese-theme mall will become one of the largest Asian malls in the Greater Toronto Area. In recent years, the South Asian population has also boomed within the region, particularly the Sri Lankan Tamil and Indian Gujarati community. For example, a South Asian movie theatre is now located at the Woodside Square Mall at McCowan and Finch and plans are also in place for a major South Asian mall to be developed at Finch and Middlefield.
Two secular public school boards, and three separate public school boards operate in the neighbourhood. Only one of the five school boards that operate schools in the community is French first language public school board, Conseil scolaire Viamonde (CSV). CSV is a French-based public secular school board that operates one public elementary school in Milliken, École élémentaire Laure-Rièse. The elementary school provides schooling for students throughout Milliken, Milliken Mills, and adjacent communities in Markham and Scarborough.
In addition to CSV, the separate Toronto Catholic District School Board (TCDSB), and secular Toronto District School Board (TDSB) also operates English-based public schools in Milliken, providing schooling for students that reside in the neighbourhood. Presently, both TCDSB and TDSB only operate elementary schools in the area. They include:
- Agnes Macphail Public School (TDSB)
- Banting and Best Public Elementary School (TDSB)
- Brimwood Boulevard Junior Public School (TDSB)
- Macklin Public School (TDSB)
- Milliken Public School (TDSB)
- North Agincourt Junior Public School (TDSB)
- Port Royal Public School (TDSB)
- Prince of Peace Catholic Elementary School (TCDSB)
- Sir Alexander MacKenzie Senior Public School (TDSB)
- St. Rene Goupil Catholic Elementary School (TCDSB)
- The Divine Infant Catholic School (TCDSB)
The separate York Region Catholic District School Board (YRCDSB) and the secular York Region District School Board (YRDSB) operates public schools, and provides schooling for students in Milliken Mills. Presently, YRDSB presently operates one secondary school, Milliken Mills High School, located in Milliken Mills East. Elementary schools located in Milliken Mills include:
- Aldergrove Public School (YRDSB)
- Coppard Glen Public School (YRDSB)
- Highgate Public School (YRDSB)
- Milliken Mills Public School (YRDSB)
- Mother Teresa Catholic Elementary School (YRCDSB)
- Randall Public School (YRDSB)
- St. Benedict Catholic Elementary School (YRCDSB)
- St. Francis Xavier Catholic Elementary School (YRCDSB)
- Wilclay Public School (YRDSB)
Milliken is home to a number of recreational amenities. Three shopping malls are located in the neighbourhood, with Pacific Mall located in Milliken Mills East, and Splendid China Mall, and The Landmark located in Milliken.
Public parks and recreational facilities situated in Milliken is managed by the Toronto Parks, Forestry and Recreation Division, whereas parks and recreational facilities located in Milliken Mills East and West, are managed by Markham.
Municipal parks situated south of Steeles Avenue, in Milliken include:
- Audrelane Park
- Goldhawk Park
- Milliken District Park
- Muirlands Park
- Port Royal Park
Municipal parks in Milliken Mills includes:
- Aldergrove Park
- Denison Park
- Harvest Moon Park
- Highgate Park
- Milliken Mills Community Park
- Randall Park
- Risebrough Park
- Wilclay Park
The City of Markham also manages the Milliken Mills Arena, a multi-purpose ice rink, was erected in 1982. In 1989, construction of Milliken Mills Community Centre was completed, which included a library, swimming pool, gymnasium, weight room, and racket courts. Milliken Mills Community Park is located east of the community centre, and includes an open area with soccer pitches and an indoor soccer dome. Milliken Mills Park is located west of the community centre and features six soccer pitches and five baseball fields.
Public transportation is provided by three services, GO Transit, the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), and York Region Transit (YRT). The TTC and YRT provide local bus routes. GO Transit commuter rail and bus services can be accessed from Milliken GO Station.
- "Milliken". Natural Resources Canada. October 6, 2016.
- Housing sample in Markham, Ontario Census Tract 0401.03
- Housing data on Census Tract 0376.05
- "Archaeological Assessmen" (PDF). R.J. Burnside & Associates Ltd. January 8, 2014.
- See Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793-1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), pp. 276f; 74f (Milliken family); 339 (post office). See also the detailed 1878 map, "Township of Markham," Illustrated historical atlas of the county of York and the township of West Gwillimbury & town of Bradford in the county of Simcoe, Ont. (Toronto: Miles & Co., 1878).
- "Place Names of Ontario ", Alan Rayburn, University of Toronto Press, 1997 page 221. ISBN 0802006027, 9780802006028 https://books.google.ca/books?id=TwF6AAAAMAAJ&q=place+names+of+ontario++alan+rayburn++221+%22norman+milliken%22&dq=place+names+of+ontario++alan+rayburn++221+%22norman+milliken%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAGoVChMIxJG7yMeOyQIVTutjCh0-wgTp
- See Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793-1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), p. 156.
- "Benjamin Milliken House", Town of Markham Heritage Designation Bylaw 88-94
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-01-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Milliken Mills community centre".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2013-10-20.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)