Map highlighting Milliken, Milliken Mills West, and Milliken Mills East.
|Regional Municipality||York Region|
|Former Municipalities||Scarborough / Unionville|
1998 Scarborough amalgamated into Toronto |
1971 Unionville amalgamated into Markham
Milliken and Milliken Mills are neighbourhoods in the cities of Toronto and Markham, comprising Milliken in the city of Toronto and Milliken Mills East and Milliken Mills West in the city of Markham. Located in the north east section of Scarborough and south east Unionville, the neighbourhoods are centered on Old Kennedy Road (see also Kennedy Road in York Region) and Steeles Avenue.
There is a large Asian contingency in this area, with 35% speaking Chinese as a first language at home. A huge percentage of people own their homes, which are primarily single detached homes. As the homes were built when the farming left (1980s) there are many two storied houses with garage, typical of the time of building and affordability.
- 1 History
- 2 Culture
- 3 Schools
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Malls
- 6 Parks
- 7 Milliken Mills Community Centre
- 8 People from Milliken
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The area now called "Milliken" or "Milliken's Corner" was first settled in 1798 by William Dumont. Norman Milliken settled in the area around 1807. In 1814, Milliken received the deed for lot 1, concession 5, Markham Township. Milliken operated a lumber business in what was then a rural hamlet called Milliken Corners. The hamlet became a postal village when the first post office was established in 1858 (on the now Markham side) and was called Milliken after Norman Millken.
The Ebenezer United Church (1878; originally Milliken Primitive Methodist Church) is one of a few structures remaining in the area. The church once stood on the south side of Steeles Avenue with another church on Brimley Road. Plots at the church are many of the early families of Milliken: Thomson, Rennie, Harding, Hood, Hagerman and L'Amoreaux. The church is now located on Brimley Rd, north of Steeles Ave in Markham.
Another structure that survives from the 19th century is Benjamin Milliken House constructed circa 1855. It is a Georgian Classic Revival house built by Norman Milliken's son, Benjamin Milliken II, on his farm located on Part of Lot 5, Concession 5, Markham Township. It was designated by the Town of Markham as a historic building under the Ontario Heritage Act in 1994. Benjamin Milliken House is located at 7710 Kennedy Road, Markham and is now a pub called The Major Milliken.
To the Milliken community, municipal boundaries were just lines on a map and the community's history can be found in the Archives of both Scarborough and Unionville. School Section # 2 was established here in 1847, and a log school was built during the same year.
The neighbourhood only gave up its final farming activities in the early 1980s and is modernizing by the year. There are green spaces such as Milliken Park, Goldhawk Park and many others, also the Milliken Trail is a walking tour of the neighbourhood.
Once agricultural land, much of which disappeared with residential development beginning in the 1970s and ending near the late 1980s. The City of Markham initiated an initiative to develop "Main Street Milliken" around Old Kennedy Rd. The area has suffered from years of neglect, and revitalization plans have been welcomed by community members. New developments include a condominium development on Kennedy and Denison, Dairy Queen, Major Milliken Pub and a new housing project on Old Kennedy Rd.
A growing hub of community activity is Milliken Park Community Recreation Centre, which is located on the Northwest corner of Milliken Park and at the Southeast corner of the intersection of Steeles Avenue and McCowan Road. The centre is home to a variety of camps, after-school programs and cultural activities designed to cater to local demand. To provide optimal service for the area, City of Toronto staff are in regular consultation with an advisory board, which includes representatives from local community associations, such as the Goldhawk Community Association, Brimley Forest Community Association, Richmond Park Association, and the Milliken Park Community Association. Annually, the City of Toronto staff, the advisory board, and the community associations organize special events for the communities at Milliken Park Community Recreation Centre. Some examples of these major events include the annual Community Christmas Party, Spring Fling, and Fall Fair.
The demographics of the community is made up of mainly immigrants with a strong Chinese Canadian presence. It is home to one of several Chinatowns in Toronto. For this reason, a new retail commercial condominium project is underway in the area called The Landmark. The Chinese-theme mall will become one of the largest Asian malls in the Greater Toronto Area. In recent years, the South Asian population has also boomed within the region, particularly the Sri Lankan Tamil and Indian Gujarati community. For example, a South Asian movie theatre is now located at the Woodside Square Mall at McCowan and Finch and plans are also in place for a major South Asian mall to be developed at Finch and Middlefield.
- Agnes Macphail Public School, Milliken
- Banting and Best Public Elementary School, Milliken
- Macklin Public School, Milliken
- Milliken Public School, Milliken
- Port Royal Public School, Milliken
- Brimwood Boulevard Junior Public School, Agincourt North (French Immersion)
- Sir Alexander MacKenzie Senior Public School, Agincourt South-Malvern West (French Immersion; 7-8)
- North Agincourt Junior Public School, Agincourt South-Malvern West (French Immersion)
- The Divine Infant Catholic School, Milliken
- Prince of Peace Catholic Elementary School, Milliken
- St. Rene Goupil Catholic Elementary School, Milliken
- Aldergrove Public School, Milliken Mills East
- Highgate Public School, Milliken Mills West
- Milliken Mills Public School, Milliken Mills West
- Randall Public School, Milliken Mills East
- Wilclay Public School, Milliken Mills East
- Coppard Glen, Middlefield (French Immersion)
- Mother Teresa Catholic Elementary School, Milliken Mills West
- St. Benedict Catholic Elementary School, Milliken Mills East
- St. Francis Xavier Catholic Elementary School, Milliken Mills East
- St. Anthony Catholic Elementary School, Thornhill (French Immersion)
- St. Edward Catholic Elementary School, Raymerville (French Immersion)
No High School Located within Neighbourhood
- Albert Campbell Collegiate Institute, Agincourt North (Feeder School)
- Sir William Osler High School, Agincourt South-Malvern West (Technical School)
- Agincourt Collegiate Institute (French Immersion)
No High School Located within Neighbourhood
- Mary Ward Catholic Secondary School (Officially positioned on the west side of the Kennedy Road border in L'Amoreaux)
- Francis Libermann Catholic High School, Agincourt North (Feeder School)
- Milliken Mills High School, Milliken Mills West
- Pierre Elliott Trudeau High School, Berczy (French Immersion)
No High School Located within Neighbourhood
Parks in Markham
- Milliken Mills Community Park
- Wilclay Park
- Aldergrove Park
- Denison Park
- Armadale Park
- Randall Park
- Harvest Moon Park
- Risebrough Park
- Highgate Park
Parks in Toronto
- Audrelane Park
- Goldhawk Park
- Milliken District Park
- Muirlands Park
- Port Royal Park
Milliken Mills Community Centre
Milliken Mills Community Centre is a city owned facility located at 7600 Kennedy Road south of 14th Avenue.
The facility began with Milliken Mills Arena, a multi-purpose ice rink on the north end of the complex built in 1982. In 1989, construction of Milliken Mills Community Centre was completed. It includes a 17,000 square feet library, 25-metre swimming pool, gymnasium, weight room, and racket sport courts. A McDonald's is located next to the ice rink. A pro shop which offers skate sharpening services and ice sports accessories is located at the entrance of the arena. To the east is an open area with soccer pitches at Milliken Mills Community Park and indoor soccer dome to the northeast side. Milliken Mills Park is located on the west side of the community centre parking area that has six (five atop water reservoir) soccer pitches and five baseball fields.
People from Milliken
A list of people who lived or attended schools in the area:
Mary Ward Catholic Secondary School alumni
- Sheila Carabine and Amanda Walther, professional musicians (Dala)
- Brittnee Habbib, gymnast, participated in the 2006 Commonwealth Games
- Craig Kielburger, Free The Children (Cofounder)
- Jerome Liu, Our Kids Our Future (Cofounder)
- Joshua Liu (attended 2002–2006), SMARTS (Founder), Our Kids Our Future (Cofounder) and Top 20 Under Twenty Awards recipient
- Pat Mastroianni, Degrassi Junior High (1987–89), Degrassi High (1990), Degrassi: The Next Generation (2001–2005); (Joey Jeremiah)
- Cassie Steele, Degrassi: The Next Generation (Manny Santos), 2003–2004
Albert Campbell Collegiate Institute alumni
- Mark Taylor (actor) - Canadian actor
- Cherie Piper - Olympic hockey player
- Sunny Fong - fashion designer, winner of Project Runway Canada
Francis Libermann Catholic High School alumni
- Merella Fernandez - CityTV reporter and host
Milliken Mills High School Alumni
- George Kottaras - Professional Baseball Player, Milwaukee Brewers, Major League Baseball
- Andre De Grasse - Olympic track runner
- Housing sample in Markham, Ontario Census Tract 0401.03
- Housing data on Census Tract 0376.05
- "Archaeological Assessmen" (PDF). R.J. Burnside & Associates Ltd. January 8, 2014.
- See Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793-1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), pp. 276f; 74f (Milliken family); 339 (post office). See also the detailed 1878 map, "Township of Markham," Illustrated historical atlas of the county of York and the township of West Gwillimbury & town of Bradford in the county of Simcoe, Ont. (Toronto: Miles & Co., 1878).
- "Place Names of Ontario ", Alan Rayburn, University of Toronto Press, 1997 page 221. ISBN 0802006027, 9780802006028 https://books.google.ca/books?id=TwF6AAAAMAAJ&q=place+names+of+ontario++alan+rayburn++221+%22norman+milliken%22&dq=place+names+of+ontario++alan+rayburn++221+%22norman+milliken%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAGoVChMIxJG7yMeOyQIVTutjCh0-wgTp
- See Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793-1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), p. 156.
- "Benjamin Milliken House", Town of Markham Heritage Designation Bylaw 88-94
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2013-10-20.
- Raposo, Nelia (2005-10-20). "Tuneful twosome". Retrieved 2007-05-27.
- umusic.ca :: Dala Archived 2007-03-26 at the Wayback Machine.
- 2006 Commonwealth Games Melbourne Archived 2007-06-26 at the Wayback Machine.
- Director's Annual Report 1998. Retrieved on 2007-05-27. "Mary Ward Catholic Secondary School student Craig Kielburger received the Ontario Medal for Good Citizenship."
- 2005 Top 20 Under 20T Award Recipients Archived 2007-05-09 at the Wayback Machine.