Milliken, Ontario

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Milliken
Neighbourhood
Map highlighting Milliken, Milliken Mills West, and Milliken Mills East.
Map highlighting Milliken, Milliken Mills West, and Milliken Mills East.
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Regional Municipalities Toronto City of Toronto / York Region
Cities Toronto / Markham
Communities Scarborough / Unionville
Changed Municipality 1998 Flag of Scarborough, Ontario.svg Scarborough amalgamated into Toronto
1971 Unionville amalgamated into Markham

Milliken or Milliken Mills are neighbourhoods in the cities of Toronto and Markham, comprising Milliken in the city of Toronto and Milliken Mills East and Milliken Mills West in the city of Markham.[1] Located in the North East section of Scarborough and south east Unionville, the neighbourhoods are centered on Old Kennedy Road (see also Kennedy Road in York Region) and Steeles Avenue.

There is a large Asian contingency in this area, with 35% speaking Chinese as a first language at home.[citation needed] A huge percentage of people own their homes, which are primarily single detached homes.[2][3] As the homes were built when the farming left (1980s) there are many two storied houses with garage, typical of the time of building and affordability.

History[edit]

The community is named after Norman Milliken (b.Trenton, Maine 1771 d.1843), an American Loyalist who moved to the Milliken area in York County, Upper Canada. In 1814 he received the deed for lot 1, concession 5, Markham Township. Milliken operated a lumber business in what was then a rural hamlet called Milliken Corners which was founded in 1807.[4][better source needed][5]

The community's post office was established in 1859 on the Markham side. The Ebenezer United Church (1878; originally Milliken Primitive Methodist Church) is one of a few structures remaining in the area. The church once stood on the south side of Steeles Avenue with another church on Brimley Road. Plots at the church are many of the early families of Milliken: Thomson, Rennie, Harding, Hood, Hagerman and L'Amoreaux. The church is now located on Brimley Rd, north of Steeles Ave in Markham.[6]

Another structure that survives from the 19th century is Benjamin Milliken House constructed circa 1855. It is a Georgian Classic Revival house built by Norman Milliken's son, Benjamin Milliken II, on his farm located on Part of Lot 5, Concession 5, Markham Township. It was designated by the Town of Markahm as a historic building under the Ontario Heritage Act in 1994.[7][8] Benjamin Milliken House is located at 7710 Kennedy Road , Markham and is now a pub called The Major Milliken.[9]

To the Milliken community, municipal boundaries were just lines on a map and the community's history can be found in the Archives of both Scarborough and Unionville. School Section # 2 was established here in 1847, and a log school was built during the same year.

The neighbourhood only gave up its final farming activities in the early 1980s and is modernizing by the year. There are green spaces such as Milliken Park, Goldhawk Park and many others, also the Milliken Trail is a walking tour of the neighbourhood.

Culture[edit]

Once agricultural land, much of which disappeared with residential development beginning in the 1970s and ending near the late 1980s. The City of Markham initiated an initiative to develop "Main Street Milliken" around Old Kennedy Rd. The area has suffered from years of neglect, and revitalization plans have been welcomed by community members. New developments include a condominium development on Kennedy and Denison, Dairy Queen, Major Milliken Pub and a new housing project on Old Kennedy Rd.

A growing hub of community activity is Milliken Park Community Recreation Centre, which is located on the Northwest corner of Milliken Park and at the Southeast corner of the intersection of Steeles Avenue and McCowan Road. The centre is home to a variety of camps, after-school programs and cultural activities designed to cater to local demand. To provide optimal service for the area, City of Toronto staff are in regular consultation with an advisory board, which includes representatives from local community associations, such as the Goldhawk Community Association, Brimley Forest Community Association, Richmond Park Association, and the Milliken Park Community Association. Annually, the City of Toronto staff, the advisory board, and the community associations organize special events for the communities at Milliken Park Community Recreation Centre. Some examples of these major events include the annual Community Christmas Party, Spring Fling, and Fall Fair.

In Markham Milliken Mills Community Centre was built in 1989 features a library, swimming pool and rental halls; the skating rink was built in 1982.[10]

The demographics of the community is made up of mainly immigrants with a strong Chinese Canadian presence. It is home to one of several Chinatowns in Toronto. For this reason, a new retail commercial condominium project is underway in the area called The Landmark. The Chinese-theme mall will become one of the largest Asian malls in the Greater Toronto Area. In recent years, the South Asian population has also boomed within the region, particularly the Sri Lankan Tamil and Indian Gujarati community. For example, a South Asian movie theatre is now located at the Woodside Square Mall at McCowan and Finch and plans are also in place for a major South Asian mall to be developed at Finch and Middlefield.

Schools[edit]

Elementary Schools[edit]

Markham[edit]

Public[edit]
  • Aldergrove Public School, Milliken Mills East
  • Highgate Public School, Milliken Mills West
  • Milliken Mills Public School, Milliken Mills West
  • Randall Public School, Milliken Mills East
  • Wilclay Public School, Milliken Mills East
  • Coppard Glen, Middlefield (French Immersion)
Catholic[edit]
  • Mother Teresa Catholic Elementary School, Milliken Mills West
  • St. Benedict Catholic Elementary School, Milliken Mills East
  • St. Francis Xavier Catholic Elementary School, Milliken Mills East
  • St. Anthony Catholic Elementary School, Thornhill (French Immersion)
  • St. Edward Catholic Elementary School, Raymerville (French Immersion)

Toronto[edit]

Public[edit]
  • Agnes Macphail Public School, Milliken
  • Banting and Best Public Elementary School, Milliken
  • Macklin Public School, Milliken
  • Milliken Public School, Milliken
  • Port Royal Public School, Milliken
  • Brimwood Boulevard Junior Public School, Agincourt North (French Immersion)
  • Sir Alexander MacKenzie Senior Public School, Agincourt South-Malvern West (French Immersion; 7-8)
  • North Agincourt Junior Public School, Agincourt South-Malvern West (French Immersion)
Catholic[edit]
  • The Divine Infant Catholic School, Milliken
  • Prince of Peace Catholic Elementary School, Milliken
  • St. Rene Goupil Catholic Elementary School, Milliken

High Schools[edit]

Scarborough[edit]

Public[edit]

No High School Located within Neighbourhood

Catholic[edit]

No High School Located within Neighbourhood

Unionville[edit]

Public[edit]
Catholic[edit]

No High School Located within Neighbourhood

Father Michael McGivney Catholic Academy (Officially positioned on the East side of the McCowan Road border in Middlefield)

Transportation[edit]

Malls[edit]

Parks[edit]

Parks in Markham section[edit]

  • Miliken Mills Community Park
  • Wilclay Park
  • Aldergrove Park
  • Denison Park
  • Armadale Park
  • Randall Park
  • Harvest Moon Park
  • Risebrough Park
  • Highgate Park

Parks in Toronto section[edit]

  • L'Amoreaux Park, Toronto
  • Goldhawk Park, Toronto
  • Port Royal Park, Toronto
  • Audrelane Park, Toronto
  • Alexmuir Park, Toronto
  • Brimley Woods Park, Toronto
  • Bridletowne Park, Toronto
  • Warden Avenue Park, Toronto
  • Fundy Bay Park, Toronto
  • Terry Fox Park, Toronto
  • Milliken Park, Toronto
  • Muirlands Park, Toronto

People from Milliken[edit]

A list of people who lived or attended schools in the area:

Mary Ward Catholic Secondary School alumni[edit]

Albert Campbell Collegiate Institute alumni[edit]

Francis Libermann Catholic High School alumni[edit]

Milliken Mills High School Alumni[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.torontorealestateboard.com/buying/district_map/regions/york/markham.htm#
  2. ^ Housing sample in Markham, Ontario Census Tract 0401.03
  3. ^ Housing data on Census Tract 0376.05
  4. ^ http://schoolweb.tdsb.on.ca/milliken/History.aspx
  5. ^ See Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793-1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), pp. 276f; 74f (Milliken family); 339 (post office). See also the detailed 1878 map, "Township of Markham," Illustrated historical atlas of the county of York and the township of West Gwillimbury & town of Bradford in the county of Simcoe, Ont. (Toronto: Miles & Co., 1878).
  6. ^ See Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793-1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), p. 156.
  7. ^ "Benjamin Milliken House" , Town of Markham Heritage Designation Bylaw 88-94
  8. ^ http://www2.markham.ca/Markham/aspc/heritage/photo/getPDF.aspx?PDFType=70&FolderRsn=887199
  9. ^ http://www.majormilliken.com/
  10. ^ http://www.cana.ca/projects/view-project.asp?id=98
  11. ^ Raposo, Nelia (2005-10-20). "Tuneful twosome". Retrieved 2007-05-27. 
  12. ^ umusic.ca :: Dala
  13. ^ 2006 Commonwealth Games Melbourne
  14. ^ Director's Annual Report 1998. Retrieved on 2007-05-27. "Mary Ward Catholic Secondary School student Craig Kielburger received the Ontario Medal for Good Citizenship."
  15. ^ 2005 Top 20 Under 20T Award Recipients

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°49′31″N 79°18′01″W / 43.82528°N 79.30028°W / 43.82528; -79.30028