|Successor||Simon Property Group|
(as Western Development Corporation)|
1985 (as Mills Corporation)
|Defunct||April 6, 2007|
|Headquarters||Chevy Chase, Maryland|
The Mills Corporation was a publicly traded real estate investment trust headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, United States, acquired on April 3, 2007 by an investment group composed of Simon Property Group and Farallon Capital Management. The company developed, owned, and operated major super-regional shopping malls. The company built 18 "Landmark" centers in which the malls were named after "Mills", like "Vaughan Mills," or "St. Louis Mills"; and also over 20 "21st Century Retail" regional malls that they started operating in 2002, like Del Amo Fashion Center and Southdale Center. Most former Mills facilities have a large movie theater from 10–30 screens, and a large food court (sometimes two). Their facilities are normally built in modern/abstract architectural designs. Simon Property Group assumed management of the former Mills properties after the acquisition, and is operating the former "Landmark Mills" group as a separate operating segment within its organization.
The company started in 1967 as the Western Development Corporation, and its first mall was Potomac Mills in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area in 1985. Then from 1989–1991, Franklin, Sawgrass, & Gurnee Mills opened each of those years, respectively. In 1994 the company converted to REIT status and changed its name to "The Mills Corporation.'.
In 1996, with new CEO Lawrence Siegel, The Mills built Ontario Mills near Los Angeles, which was the company's first mall built abstractly and with a full oval racetrack design which followed into the rest of the company's built malls. Since opening Ontario Mills until 2005 with Pittsburgh Mills, The Mills built and opened at least one or two landmark malls each year.
In 2002, The Mills acquired six regular retail malls including the ailing Forest Fair Mall (became Cincinnati Mills from 2004–2009) and a nine mall portfolio in 2004, including former Taubman Centers, like Columbus City Center in order to redevelop & expanded to be more affordable centers. Also, the company also expanded to Europe with the opening of Madrid Xanadú in Spain.
The success of Madrid Xanadú prompted The Mills to embark on the $1 billion+ Meadowlands Xanadu complex in 2004, which was first planned as "Meadowlands Mills," but the project has caused numerous delays and costed the company financially. It was eventually sold to another developer, who planned it as American Dream Meadowlands.
In November 2004, Vaughan Mills was the first Mills Landmark built in Canada, and continued its international success with the acquisition of the St. Enoch Centre in Scotland and was offered to build a center in Rome, Italy.
After their last built mall was opened, Galleria at Pittsburgh Mills in July 2005, the company was investigated by the Securities & Exchange Commission for its financial problems.
Acquisition by Simon Property Group
On January 17, 2007, the Mills Corporation agreed to a buyout from Brookfield Asset Management, based out of Toronto. The deal was valued at US$1.35 billion. The company was forced to seek help after a possible management misconduct resulted in a $350 million accounting error. Brookfield would have paid $21 for each share of Mills Corporation. However, on February 13, 2007, Mills announced that their board had determined that a competing offer from Simon Property Group of Indianapolis, Indiana was superior to the Brookfield offer. Brookfield had the option to submit a counter offer, but February 16, 2007, Simon Property Group and Farallon Capital agreed to acquire Mills for $25.25 per common share.
On April 6, 2007, Farallon and Simon completed the acquisition of Mills. All former Mills malls became Simon properties at the acquisition date and are now shown on Simon's website. The Mills became Simon's fifth retail platform, along with Regional Malls (the 21st Century malls included) and Chelsea Premium Outlets. The new platform (for Landmark Mills only) is known as The Mills: A Simon Company.
Former Mills properties
- Arizona Mills – Tempe (Phoenix), Arizona
- Arundel Mills – Hanover (Baltimore), Maryland
- The Block at Orange – Orange, California (Anaheim, Los Angeles)
- Briarwood Mall – Ann Arbor, Michigan
- Broward Mall – Plantation, Florida
- Cincinnati Mall – Cincinnati, Ohio (formerly Forest Fair Mall & Cincinnati Mills)
- Colorado Mills – Lakewood (Denver), Colorado
- Concord Mills – Concord (Charlotte), North Carolina
- Columbus City Center – Downtown Columbus, Ohio (Mall now closed for redevelopment)
- Del Amo Fashion Center – Torrance (Los Angeles), California
- Sugarloaf Mills (formerly Discover Mills) – Lawrenceville (Atlanta), Georgia
- Dover Mall – Dover, Delaware
- The Esplanade – Kenner (New Orleans), Louisiana
- The Falls – Miami, Florida
- Galleria at White Plains – White Plains (New York City), New York
- Grapevine Mills – Grapevine (Dallas–Fort Worth), Texas
- Great Mall of the Bay Area – Milpitas (San Jose), California
- Gurnee Mills – Gurnee (Chicago), Illinois
- Hilltop Mall – Richmond, California
- Katy Mills – Katy (Houston), Texas
- Lakeforest Mall – Gaithersburg, Maryland (Washington, D.C.)
- The Mall at Tuttle Crossing – Dublin, Ohio (Columbus, Ohio)
- Marley Station – Glen Burnie (Baltimore), Maryland
- Meadowood Mall – Reno, Nevada
- Northpark Mall – Ridgeland, Mississippi(Jackson, MS metro area)
- Ontario Mills – Ontario (Los Angeles), California
- Opry Mills -Nashville, Tennessee
- Philadelphia Mills (formerly Franklin Mills) – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Potomac Mills – Woodbridge, Virginia (Washington, D.C.)
- Sawgrass Mills – Sunrise (Fort Lauderdale), Florida
- The Shops at Riverside – Bergen, New Jersey
- Southdale Center – Edina (Minneapolis), Minnesota
- Southridge Mall – Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- Stoneridge Mall – Pleasanton, California
- St. Louis Mills – Hazelwood (St. Louis), Missouri
- Westland Mall – Hialeah (Miami), Florida
Properties sold by Mills prior to Simon acquisition
- Madrid Xanadu – near a reiterated recommendation from the Third Evaluation Round, built in 2003 by Mills, sold to Ivanhoe Cambridge in 2006.
- St. Enoch Centre – Glasgow, Scotland, acquired 50/50 stake in January 2005, sold interest to Ivanhoe Cambridge.
- Vaughan Mills – (Vaughan, Ontario) Built in 2004 and the first Mills property outside the U.S.; Mills sold its share in July 2006 to Ivanhoe Cambridge.
- Pittsburgh Mills – Tarentum (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania Built in 2005, was the first Mills landmark to feature full priced stores; Mills sold its share in mall in December 2006 to Zamias Services, Inc.
These properties were in development by Mills Corporation before the Simon acquisition and will not be part of Simon.
- 108 North State Street – Chicago, Illinois
- Meadowlands Xanadu – East Rutherford, New Jersey
- Tewksbury Mills – Tewksbury, Massachusetts (has never been built)
- Stonebridge at Potomac Town Center – Woodbridge, Virginia
- Laredo Mills - Laredo, Texas (proposed)
- "Company History". The Mills Corporation. Archived from the original on 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- "Mills Shifts Focus to Traditional Malls". International Council of Shopping Centers. Archived from the original on February 20, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- Hedgpeth, Dana (2007-01-17). "Mills Agrees to Sell for $1.35 Billion". Washington Post. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "Mills Corp. set to open Discover Mills, introduce new skatepark. (Retail Beat).(Brief Article)". National Real Estate Investor.[dead link]
- The Mills Corporation Announces the Grand Opening of Discover Mills