Millville, New Jersey
Millville is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 28,400, reflecting an increase of 1,553 (+5.8%) from the 26,847 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 855 (+3.3%) from the 25,992 counted in the 1990 Census. Millville, Bridgeton and Vineland are the three principal New Jersey cities of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses those cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes.
Millville was originally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 24, 1801, from portions of Fairfield Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Landis Township on March 7, 1864. Millville was reincorporated as a city on March 1, 1866, based on the results of a referendum passed that same day. The city derives its name from a proposal to create a mill town in the area.
Known as "Shingle Landing" in its earliest days, a sawmill was believed to have existed at Leaming's Mill at around 1720. The area also had a public road, a boat landing, and a bridge-like structure.
In 1790, Joseph Smith and Henry Drinker purchased 24,000 acres (97 km2) of land known as the Union Mills Tract. They formed the Union Estates Company, built lumber mills along the Maurice River and established a dam to power these new mills. Joseph Buck, an American Revolutionary War veteran who served under General George Washington, was part of a group that purchased the land in the area in 1795 and laid out the plans for what would become Millville.
In the early 1850s, the Smith and Wood Iron Foundry and New Jersey Mills were constructed. In 1860, a bleachery and dye house were added to New Jersey Mills, which then became Millville Manufacturing. David Wood then constructed a dam, forming the largest man-made lake in the state, which powered the entire manufacturing organization. By 1870, the mill had 600 employees, and in 40 years this number doubled.
In 1862, Charles K. Landis laid out the city of Vineland about two and a half miles east of the Maurice River. In 1864, Vineland was separated from Millville Township and joined the new Landis Township.
In 1936, the town was the site of Roosevelt Park, a project proposed by Effie Maud Aldrich Morrison as the country's first housing development for the elderly. The retirement colony was built on land which had been repossessed by the town of Millville for back taxes, and became known as the "Roosevelt Colony". It was later renamed to the "Roosevelt Park" old age colony, and was sometimes referred to as the Colony for the Aged at Roosevelt Park and Roosevelt Park Colony for Aged. When it opened on October 23, 1936, it became the first senior citizens retirement colony in the United States.
The Millville Airport was dedicated "America's First Defense Airport" on August 2, 1941, by local, state, and federal officials. In less than a year, construction of military base facilities began, and in January 1943, the Millville Army Air Field opened as a gunnery school for fighter pilots. Gunnery training began with Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft, but after a few weeks was changed over to the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt. During its three-year existence, thousands of soldiers and civilians served here, with about 1,500 pilots receiving advanced fighter training in the Thunderbolt.
Following World War II, the airfield was declared excess to the governments needs, and returned to the City of Millville. Most of the airport buildings were converted to apartments for the many veterans returning from the war. The last of the apartments vanished in the early 1970s, and the airport soon became a hub of industry and aviation for Southern New Jersey.
Up to the late 1990s the Millville downtown area was depressed and somewhat isolated, examples including the abandoned Levoy Theatre and Wheaton Glass Factory, with investors reluctant to venture in its development. Major redevelopment has occurred in the past several years; establishing the scenic Riverfront and Downtown areas into an artists' haven including many studios, shops and restaurants. Older abandoned buildings have been restored with continued major development is planned.
Millville has an arts district named the Glasstown Arts District. A public art center with galleries and studios is the hub of activity, and is open six days a week. The district includes seven full-time galleries, along with ten part-time galleries and studios, which are open mostly on weekends and on the third Friday of each month. Wheaton Arts and the Creative Glass Center of America includes a major collection of early American glass with contemporary glass from CGCA Fellows and working glass artists in a restored 19th century glass factory. The Levoy Theatre successfully re-opened on September 9, 2012.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 44.489 square miles (115.228 km2), including 42.001 square miles (108.783 km2) of land and 2.488 square miles (6.445 km2) of water (5.59%).
|Climate data for Millville, NJ (1981−2010 normals)|
|Average high °F (°C)||42
|Average low °F (°C)||24
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.05
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||8.9||9.1||10.5||11.1||10.0||9.1||9.0||8.1||7.9||8.1||8.8||9.4||110|
1840 1850-1890 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1900-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,400 people, 10,648 households, and 7,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 676.2 per square mile (261.1/km2). There were 11,435 housing units at an average density of 272.3 per square mile (105.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.04% (19,608) White, 19.83% (5,631) Black or African American, 0.94% (266) Native American, 1.19% (338) Asian, 0.06% (18) Pacific Islander, 5.24% (1,488) from other races, and 3.70% (1,051) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.93% (4,239) of the population.
There were 10,648 households, of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city, 25.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.6 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,925 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,459) and the median family income was $55,000 (+/- $4,433). Males had a median income of $46,186 (+/- $3,934) versus $35,336 (+/- $2,860) for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,364 (+/- $1,573). About 16.2% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 26,847 people, 10,043 households, and 7,010 families residing in the city. The population density was 633.9 people per square mile (244.8/km2). There were 10,652 housing units at an average density of 251.5 per square mile (97.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.13% White, 14.99% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.16% from other races, and 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.17% of the population.
There were 10,043 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.65 and the average family size was 2.15.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,378, and the median income for a family was $46,093. Males had a median income of $36,915 versus $26,669 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,632. About 12.1% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
Portions of Millville are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
In 1801, Millville was first organized as a township; It became a city in 1866. Until 1913, Millville operated under a Mayor-Council form of government where the mayor was elected by the people. In 1913, a change of form of government to the Walsh Act was passed and the commission form of government became the way the city was run. Under this form of government as used in Millville, five commissioners are elected and one of these is selected from among its members to serve as the mayor and another as vice mayor. each commissioner is assigned a department to oversee.
As of 2016[update], the Millville City Commission consists of Mayor Michael Santiago, Commissioner of Public Safety; Lynne Porreca Compari, Commissioner of Public Affairs; David W. Ennis, Commissioner of Public Works; and Joseph Sooy, Commissioner of Parks and Public Property; with one seat vacant.
Vice Mayor James F. Quinn, Commissioner of Revenue and Finance, resigned from office in January 2016 to take a seat on the Cumberland County Board of Chosen Freeholders. As the four remaining commission members were unable to come to agreement on a replacement, the seat will remaian vacant until the November 2016 general election.
All five commissioners were elected in November 2014 in a vote that made Santiago the city's first Hispanic mayor, with terms of office that run concurrently until December 31, 2017.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 17,500 registered voters in Millville, of which 4,652 (26.6%) were registered as Democrats, 2,802 (16.0%) were registered as Republicans and 10,033 (57.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 13 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 60.6% of the vote (6,653 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 38.1% (4,182 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (146 votes), among the 11,074 ballots cast by the city's 18,821 registered voters (93 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 58.8%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.6% of the vote (6,523 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 39.8% (4,515 votes), with 11,330 ballots cast among the city's 17,715 registered voters, for a turnout of 64.0%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 50.9% of the vote (5,082 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 46.8% (4,677 votes), with 9,992 ballots cast among the city's 15,685 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 63.7.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 57.4% of the vote (3,794 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 40.0% (2,640 votes), and other candidates with 2.6% (171 votes), among the 6,854 ballots cast by the city's 17,941 registered voters (249 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 38.2%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 48.4% of the vote (3,169 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 40.9% (2,675 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.9% (453 votes), with 6,541 ballots cast among the city's 17,167 registered voters, yielding a 38.1% turnout.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2014[update], Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015), Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township), Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014), James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014), Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016) and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014). The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014), Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014) and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).
Millville Public Schools serves students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 10 schools had an enrollment of 6,023 students and 499.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.07:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Child Family Center (631 students) for preschool, six K-5 elementary schools — Bacon Elementary School (304), Holly Heights Elementary School (502), Mt. Pleasant Elementary School (251), Rieck Avenue Elementary School (455), Silver Run Elementary School (554) and Wood Elementary School (227) — Lakeside Middle School for grades 6-8 (1,131), Memorial High School for grades 9 and half of 10th (739) and Millville Senior High School for grades 11, 12, and the other half of the 10th grade (1,229).
The district has high school sending/receiving relationships with Commercial Township, Lawrence Township and Maurice River Township. Students from Woodbine had attended the district's high school programs until a July 2013 ruling by the New Jersey Department of Transportation under which Woodbine students would start attending Middle Township High School as of September 2014, while Woodbine students who had already started attendance in Millville would be allowed to graduate.
St. Mary Magdalen School is a Catholic school serving children in grades K-8 operating under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. The school opened in 1882 with an enrollment of 45 students. Former Camden Bishop Joseph Galante announced in January 2012 that the school would close in June due to poor finances resulting from a declining student body.
The city had a total of 172.73 miles (277.98 km) of roadways, of which 107.90 miles (173.65 km) were maintained by the municipality, 42.39 miles (68.22 km) by Cumberland County and 22.44 miles (36.11 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
New Jersey Transit has several bus routes that service the Millville region. Service includes the 313 route from Cape May to Philadelphia, the 408 route between Milville and Philadelphia and the 553 route from Upper Deerfield Township to Atlantic City.
- New Jersey Motorsports Park
- Southwind Vineyard & Winery
- Levoy Theatre
- Wheaton Arts and Cultural Center
- Glasstown Brewing Company
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Millville include:
- A. R. Ammons (1926–2001), author and poet, winner of the National Book Award.
- Fred Pierce Corson (1896−1985), a Bishop of The Methodist Church.
- Julie Ann Dawson (born 1971), a horror fiction writer, RPG designer, and publisher.
- Merritt Gant (born 1971), guitarist for metal band Overkill.
- Leon Henderson (1895–1986), administrator of the Office of Price Administration from 1941 to 1942.
- Dwayne Hendricks (born 1986), professional football player, currently on the New York Giants.
- James R. Hurley (born 1932), politician.
- R. Bruce Land (born 1950), politician and former corrections officer who has represented the 1st Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly since 2016.
- Claudia E. McCarthy (born 1949), New Jersey Hall Of Fame Coach who holds the South Jersey record for field hockey coaching wins.
- William A. McKeighan (1842–1895), Nebraska Populist politician.
- Effie Maud Aldrich Morrison (1876-1957), instigator for the plan of Roosevelt Park in Millville, the first senior housing project in the United States.
- Walter Mulford (1877-1955), forester and professor, regarded as the first state forester in the United States.
- Steve Romanik (1924–2009), played collegiate football for the Villanova Wildcats, and played quarterback in the NFL from 1950-1954 for the Chicago Bears and Chicago Cardinals.
- Hannah Whitall Smith (1832–1911), a lay speaker and author in the Holiness movement in the United States and the Higher Life movement in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
- Logan Pearsall Smith (1865–1946), essayist and critic.
- Edward C. Stokes (1860–1942) Governor of New Jersey 1905-1908.
- Mike Trout (born 1991), Major League Baseball player for Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim .
- Daniel D.W. (born 1979, ne Daniel D. Warwick), is the author of "Hive Propolis" and an award winning VFX designer, independent film maker and screenplay writer.
- Frank H. Wheaton, Sr. (1881–1983), known as the "dean of American Glassware" during his tenure as Wheaton Industries president.
- Kuperinsky, Amy. "'The Jewel of the Meadowlands'?: N.J.'s best, worst and weirdest town slogans", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 22, 2015. Accessed July 12, 2016. "Millville, in Cumberland County, is 'The Holly City of America,' a name the city adopted in the 1950s because of a holly orchard started by local businessman Clarence Wolf in the 1930s, one that was soon known as the largest in America."
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- City Clerk, City of Millville. Accessed June 30, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 8.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Millville, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Millville city, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 15, 2011.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Millville city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed May 18, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 24, 2012.
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- Community Profile: Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. Accessed May 21, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 121. Accessed May 18, 2012.
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- History of Millville, Millville Public Schools. Accessed September 7, 2015. "Millville got its name back in the 1790s from the numerous mills and factories that were planned for the site."
- Staff. "MILLVILLE BICENTENNIAL 1802-2002 / DID YOU KNOW?", The Press of Atlantic City, April 2, 2002. Accessed May 21, 2012. "The settlement of Millville was known as 'Shingle Landing'? The sawmill of Leaming's Mill (circa 1720) brought its products to a ship's landing place on the east bank of the Maurice River along a road that roughly followed Smith Street."
- Biddle, Henry Drinker. The Drinker Family in America: To and Including the Eighth Generation, p. 11. J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1893. Accessed September 7, 2015. "In 1790, he, together with Joseph Smith and others, formed a company called the Union Company, and purchased twenty-four thousand acres of land in Cumberland County, New Jersey, - the tract included the present site of Millville. They built a dam and erected mills. In 1795, they sold out to Eli Elmer, Joseph Buck, and Robert Miller and Joseph Buck, laid out the town of Millville."
- Glass - Whitall Tatum Company, Millville, Art & Architecture of New Jersey, Stockton University. Accessed May 21, 2012.
- Kane, Joseph Nathan. Famous First Facts, Fifth Edition. H. W. Wilson Company, ISBN 0-8242-0930-3. "The first retirement colony was dedicated on October 23, 1936, at Roosevelt Park, Millville, NJ. The project, which was completed on January 1, 1937, contained seven houses for couples, which rented for $7 a month; six houses for single people, which rented for $5; and a community house. The city of Millville supplied the land, which had been taken over for taxes; the federal government's Works Progress Administration supplied $34,571. The city collected rent and agreed to keep the houses in repair. Residents received $15 monthly from the state under the Old Age Assistance Act. The plan was originated by Effie Morrison, deputy director of the Cumberland County Welfare Board."
- Staff. "15,000 AT DEDICATION OF DEFENSE AIRPORT; Henderson Predicts Many Fields Like That at Millville, N.J.", The New York Times, August 3, 1941. Accessed May 21, 2012. "The nation's first defense airport, covering 660 acres, was dedicated here this afternoon."
- Vanaman, Joyce. "STUDENTS VISIT AIR MUSEUM / A VERY PLANE EXPERIENCE IN MILLVILLE", The Press of Atlantic City, May 12, 1999. Accessed May 21, 2012. "Some 1500 pilots received gunnery training in P-47 Thunderbolts and P-40 Warhawk fighter planes."
- Overview, Millville Army Air Field Museum. Accessed August 25, 2014.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Accessed August 25, 2014.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed September 24, 2012. Data for years from 1810 to 1860 are for Millville Township.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- Salisbury, Rollin D. The Physical Geography of New Jersey: Volume IV. of the Final Report of the State Geologist, p. 154. Trenton, New Jersey, The John L. Murphy Publishing Company, 1898. Accessed June 14, 2012.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 270, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 28, 2013. "Millville is divided into three wards. Its population in 1850 was 2,332; in 1860, 3,932; and in 1870, 6,101. There are several large glass manufactories here."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed May 21, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 711. Accessed May 21, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Millville city, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Millville city, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 24, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Millville city, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2012.
- Orthodox Christian Churches of New Jersey - Cumberland County
- Catholic Churches in Millville, NJ
- Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 3, 2010. Accessed May 21, 2012.
- "The Commission Form of Municipal Government", p. 53. Accessed June 3, 2015.
- "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 8. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
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- Cumberland County General - November 5, 2013 Unofficial Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 6, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2016.
- Barlas, Thomas. "Millville City Commission can't agree on replacement for Jim Quinn", The Press of Atlantic City, January 5, 2016. Accessed June 30, 2016. "City Council voted 2-2 on a resolution to replace James Quinn, who resigned on Monday to become a Cumberland County freeholder, with Robert Tesoroni.... City Commission has 30 days to fill Quinn's vacancy. The post will remain vacant until the end of the year if City Commission can't agree on new member."
- Barlas, Thomas. "Millville names first Hispanic mayor as new City Commission is sworn in", The Press of Atlantic City, January 2, 2014. Accessed August 25, 2014. "Michael Santiago not only became the panel's first Hispanic member, but also the city's first Hispanic mayor by virtue of his first-place finish in the November election."
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- What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
- About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
- Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- 2014 County Data Sheet, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
- Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
- Cumberland County Surrogate Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. As of date accessed, a 2013 term-end year is listed incorrectly.
- Abbott School Districts, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 15, 2016.
- What are SDA Districts?, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 14, 2012. "SDA Districts are 31 special-needs school districts throughout New Jersey. They were formerly known as Abbott Districts, based on the Abbott v. Burke case in which the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the State must provide 100 percent funding for all school renovation and construction projects in special-needs school districts.... The districts were renamed after the elimination of the Abbott designation through passage of the state's new School Funding Formula in January 2008."
- SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- District information for Millville School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- School Data for the Millville Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 24, 2012.
- Child Family Center Child Family Center, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Bacon Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Holly Heights Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Mt. Pleasant Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Rieck Avenue Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Silver Run Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Wood Elementary School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Lakeside Middle School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Memorial High School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Millville Senior High School, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Schools Directory, Millville Public Schools. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Millville Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- About Us, Maurice River Township School District. Accessed August 24, 2014. "The Maurice River Township School District consists of one elementary school and is a sending district to the Millville School District for its high school students.... Maurice River Township transports approximately 180 students to the Memorial and Senior High Schools in Millville."
- Jones, Jean. "Sending districts Maurice River, Commercial, Lawrence, Woodbine suing Millville School District over tuition rates", The News of Cumberland County, April 13, 2009. Accessed August 24, 2014. "The suit, filed in the state Administrative Law Court, asks the commissioner of education to resolve a dispute about the method which the Millville school district is using to estimate and audit tuition for four sending districts. The four districts, Maurice River, Commercial, Lawrence and Woodbine, have joined in the suit with Maurice River as the lead agency."
- D'Amico, Diane. "Woodbine students to begin attending Middle Township High School instead of Millville", The Press of Atlantic City, August 6, 2013. Accessed August 24, 2014. "Education Commissioner Chris Cerf has approved the petition by Woodbine in Cape May County to end its sending/receiving relationship with Millville High School and instead send its high school students to Middle Township, which is closer and in the same county."
- Cumberland County School Directory, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed June 14, 2012.
- History, Saint Mary Magdalen School. Accessed June 14, 2012. "St. Mary Magdalen Regional School is one of the oldest Catholic schools in the Camden Diocese. Father Charles J. Giese, who was appointed to Saint Mary Magdalen Church in June 1881, opened the school with forty-five students and a teacher named Alice Marshall in 1882."
- Romalino, Carly Q. "Edgarton Academy Board of Trustees moving at '100 miles per hour' to open Newfield school", Gloucester County Times, April 22, 2012. Accessed June 14, 2012. "Notre Dame in Buena Borough — along with St. Mary Magdalen in Millville and Sacred Heart High School in Vineland — was ordered closed in mid-January by Bishop Joseph Galante, who cited the schools' shrinking enrollment numbers and other financial issues as reason to close the schools."
- Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Home Page, Millville Executive Airport. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed August 24, 2014.
- Home Page, Wheaton Arts and Cultural Center. Accessed June 1, 2015.
- Home Page, Glasstown Brewing Company. Accessed June 1, 2015
- Laymon, Rob. "NOTED POET TO INJECT LIFE INTO WORKS IN O.C. VISIT", The Press of Atlantic City, July 23, 1992. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Ammons wrote Corson's Inlet in August of 1962, after having lived in Northfield and Millville for many years."
- via Associated Press. "FRED CORSON, RETIRED BISHOP", The New York Times, February 18, 1985. Accessed May 21, 2012. "Fred Pierce Corson was born in Millville, N.J., and was educated at Dickinson College, in Carlisle, Pa., Drew University and the Yale Divinity School."
- Laday, Jason. "Merritt's Music is opening on High Street in Millville", The News of Cumberland County, July 10, 2009. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Guitarist and Millville native son Merritt Gant, best known for his work with thrash-metal band Overkill in the early 1990s, is poised to open his own guitar shop on High Street."
- "Up Again Henderson", Time (magazine), May 1, 1939. Accessed October 1, 2007. "As a boy out of Millville, N. J., he worked his way through Swarthmore College, played basketball and football there."
- Weinberg, David. "Millville's Hendricks signs free-agent deal with Giants", The Press of Atlantic City, April 28, 2009. Accessed January 17, 2011.
- James R. Hurley profile, The Political Graveyard. Accessed May 30, 2007.
- http://www.thedailyjournal.com/story/news/local/2015/10/28/election-st-legislative-district-democrats/74483206/ "2015 Election: 1st Legislative District Democrats"], The Daily Journal (New Jersey), October 28, 2015. Accessed August 18, 2016. "Land, a Vineland resident, is a Millville native who picked up decorations for valor as a sergeant with the 101st Airborne Division in the Vietnam War."
- Staff. "Millville's Claudia McCarthy sets coaching record for wins", Daily Journal (New Jersey), September 17, 2009. Accessed May 21, 2012. "Millville's Claudia McCarthy claimed her 479th career win Thursday, establishing the South Jersey all-time record for victories by a field hockey coach after the host Thunderbolts knocked off Absegami, 2-0."
- William Arthur McKeighan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 30, 2007.
- Cook Jr., Jim. "Roosevelt Park celebrates 75th anniversary", NJ.com, September 11, 2011. Accessed October 20, 2015. "When New Jersey established the 'old-age assistance' program in 1932, Effie Aldrich Morrision, the deputy director of the Cumberland County Welfare Board, conceived the idea of a colony for aging individuals on a tax-exempt tract of land existing in the southern part of Millville."
- "Sketch of Prof. Walter Mulford.", The University of Michigan Forester, Volume 1, Issue 2, November 1910. Accessed December 28, 2015. "Professor Walter Mulford was born at Millville, N. J., in 1877, studied at Cornell, graduated with the degree of B. S. in Agriculture, then studied forestry, also at Cornell, graduating as Bachelor of Science in Forestry in 1901."
- Gray, Matt. "Former NFL player, city commissioner Steve Romanik dies", The News of Cumberland County, September 16, 2009. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Former Millville City Commissioner and Chicago Bears quarterback Steve Romanik died this morning, according to his family.... Romanik described his father as someone who was proud to serve Millville, and proud of his inductions into both the Millville Thunderbolt Club Hall of Fame and the Villanova University Football Hall of Fame."
- Steve Romanik, database Football. Accessed October 24, 2007.
- Hannah Whitall Smith 1832 - 1911: Author, Evangelist, Tentmaker.org. Accessed March 29, 2011. "From 1864 to 1868 Robert and Hannah Smith lived in Millville, New Jersey. Robert managed Hannah's father's business, the Whitall, Tatum, & Company glass factories."
- Logan Pearsall Smith Manuscripts, 1881-1943, Kent State University. Accessed February 11, 2008.
- Edward C Stokes - Governors of New Jersey, New Jersey State Library. Accessed March 29, 2011.
- McGarry, Michael. "Millville's Mike Trout could be newest Angel in the outfield", The Press of Atlantic City, June 10, 2009. Accessed January 12, 2011.
- "2012 Project Twenty1 Award Winners"
- "Clark: A Gonzomentary film review"
- Staff. "Millville puts on parade as glass maker turns 100", The Baltimore Sun, March 17, 1981. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Frank H. Wheaton, Sr., chairman of Wheaton industries and dean of American glass manufacturing, turned 100 years old yesterday amid much fanfare from residents of this southern New Jersey city."