The town hall in Milly-la-Forêt
|Intercommunality||Vallée de l'École|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||François Orcel (PR)|
|Area1||33.80 km2 (13.05 sq mi)|
|• Density||140/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||91405 / 91490|
|Elevation||60–135 m (197–443 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Milly-la-Forêt is the probable birthplace of Wulfram of Sens, Saint Wulfram; in about 640.
Origin of the place name
The first name of this domaine was called Maurillac in Gaul, Mauriliaco on a merovingien coin, became Maureliacum, Melliacum in 667, Milliacum in Latin. The place name Milly is relatively current; it refers to an antic presence of a villa rustica owned during the Gallo-romaine era by a cetain Milius or Emilius. Hereby, the name was imported in 1080 by the knight Adam de Milly, originally from Milly-en-Beauvaisis and first lord of the place. But a charter dated from 651 mentioned already the name Melliacus. In the 13th century more accuracy was added to the place, Miliacum in Gastineto in 1267, which gave the name Milly-en-Gâtinais without being official. Upon a request from the municipal council and by a statutory order from 6 February 1948, the name was replaced by Milly-la-Forêt, considered at that time as the most touristic place and to differentiate it from its homonym Milly in Normandy.
Milly contains several facilities: such as the Collège Jean Rostand, the Conservatoire des Deux Vallées, a gymnasium and sports ground complex, a multimedia library, a swimming pool, a bus station, dealers in craft products and so on. There is a market every Thursday in the very impressive late medieval market hall, built in 1479.
The yearly calendar includes attic-clearing sales; at the opening of the summer holiday period, the town celebrates la Saint-Pierre, a fair is organised and there are several fairground rides and other attractions, as well as cultural stands for the sale of specialist food and craft products.
- Milly produces many culinary and medicinal herbs. The firm of Daregal is a world leader and began in 1887 under the leadership of the Darbonne family who still run the enterprise.
- The Conservatoire National des Plantes à Parfum, Médicinales, Aromatiques et Industrielles is a botanical garden situated in a former farm.
- Christian Dior and Jean Cocteau have made their homes here. Cocteau died in 1963.
Towards the end of the 1950s Jean Cocteau decorated the chapelle Saint-Blaise, which dates from the twelfth century. His theme was those medicinal and culinary herbs on which the renown of Milly rests. He is now buried in the chapel.
Many popular characters are born, died or lived in Milly-la-Forêt:
- Dagobert I (v.602–638 or 639), King of the Francs was sacred at Milly.
- Wulfram of Sens (647–703), archbishop of Sens and Saint was born there.
- Louis IX (1214–1270), King of France lived there
- Hugues II de Bouville (1240–1304), chamberlain of Philip the Fair and lord of Bouville.
- Hugues III de Bouville (1275–1331), his son, chamberlain of Philip the Fair who owned the castle.
- Olivier V de Clisson (1336–1407), owner of the castle of Milly.
- Charles VI (1368–1422), King of France lived there.
- Louis XI (1423–1483), King of France lived there.
- Louis Malet de Graville (v. 1438–1516), Admiral of France rebuilt the city in the 15th century.
- Henri IV (1553–1610), King of France lived there.
- Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville (1597–1616), Vice-admiral of France and he was lord there.
- Jacques Nicolas Bellavène (1770–1826), General of division he did there.
- Antoine VII de Gramont (1722–1801), Pair of France lived there.
- Napoléon Bonaparte (1769–1821), Emperor of French lived there.
- Jean Cocteau (1889–1963), poet and graphist he lived and died there.
- Christian Dior (1905–1957), dressmaker, he lived there.
- Jean Marais (1913–1998), actor, he lived there.
- Jean Tinguely (1925–1991), artist, worked there.
- Clotilde Joano (1932–1974), actress, lived and died there.
- Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (1940– ), writer and awarded from the Nobel Prize in Literature, lived there.
- The French Wikipedia article
- Dercourt, J. Géologie et Géodynamique de la France Outre-mer et Européenne 3rd edition (2002) ISBN 2-10-006459-2
- Anon Carte géologique de la France à l'échelle du millionème 6th edition (2003) ISBN 2-7159-2158-6
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Milly-la-Forêt.|
All these links are in French (except for the second link which offers English, Spanish, German and French).
- Milly-la-Forêt official website
- The Cyclop
- Pictures of the town
- Milly 1900 (postcards & text)
- Population statistics INSEE. Scroll down the liste alphabétique.
- Trades and services INSEE
- Mérimée database - Cultural heritage (French)
- Land use (IAURIF) (English)