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In the nineteenth century, milord (also milor; French pronunciation [milɔʁ]) was well known as a word that continental Europeans (especially French) whose jobs often brought them into contact with travellers (innkeepers, guides, etc.) commonly used to address Englishmen or male English-speakers who seemed to be upper-class[1] (or whom they wished to flatter) – even though the English-language phrase "my lord" (the source of "milord") played a somewhat minor role in the British system of honorific forms of address, and most of those addressed as "milord" were not in fact proper "lords" (members of the nobility) at all. The word "milord" was occasionally borrowed back into the English language in order to be used as a sarcastic or jocular reference to British travellers abroad. Most English-speaking tourists in the 18th century had to be rich to undertake the "Grand Tour".

The most famous usage of the word in recent decades has been the 1959 French song "Milord" sung by Edith Piaf.[2]

In Greece, the equivalent was "O Lordos". Lord Byron was known as "O Lordos" (The Lord), or "Lordos Veeron" (as the Greeks pronounced it), causing things as varied as hotels, ships, cricket teams, roads and even suburbs to be called "Lord Byron" today.[3][4][5]

Alternative legal use[edit]

"Milord" (in this use generally pronounced as, and sometimes written as, "M'lud": /məˈlʌd/) is commonly perceived to be used by English barristers (lawyers who appeared in court), accused people, and witnesses when addressing the judge adjudicating in a trial.

It is common to see (in television or film portrayals of British courtrooms) barristers addressing the judge as "M'lud". This was the usual pronunciation until about the middle of the twentieth century in courts in which the judge was entitled to be addressed as "My Lord".[6] However, it is a pronunciation which is now obsolete and no longer heard in court. The modern pronunciation is "My Lord".

The correct term of address for an English judge depends on his or her appointment. Judges of the High Court and of the Court of Appeal, and certain other judges (notably, Honorary Recorders and judges of the Old Bailey), are addressed as My Lord or My Lady.


  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary (1st. edition), entry "Milord".
  2. ^ "Milord" lyrics
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-05-23. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  5. ^[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Oxford English Dictionary s.v. "m'lud" (noun), which includes examples from 1853 (Dickens Bleak House i. 4 "‘Mr. Tangle,’ says the Lord High Chancellor... ‘Mlud,’ says Mr. Tangle.") and 1979 (Jo Grimond Memoirs iv. 67 "We coached him in all the palaver of the court,..the ‘Yes m'lud’ and ‘No m'lud’.")

External links[edit]

  • [1] Use of m'lud in a Monty Python sketch (script)