Milton, Portsmouth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Milton
Milton is located in Hampshire
Milton
Milton
Location within Hampshire
Population14,111 
OS grid referenceSZ 66433 99895
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSOUTHSEA
Postcode districtPO4
Dialling code023
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°47′41″N 1°03′32″W / 50.794820°N 1.058790°W / 50.794820; -1.058790Coordinates: 50°47′41″N 1°03′32″W / 50.794820°N 1.058790°W / 50.794820; -1.058790

Milton is primarily a residential area of the English city of Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, on the south eastern side of Portsea Island. Milton is bordered on the eastern coast of Portsea Island by Langstone Harbour, with Eastney to the south-east, Southsea to the south-west, Baffins to the north and Fratton to the north-west.

The name 'Milton' has Saxon origins, originally Middletūn meaning "middle settlement", as it was located midway between the larger Saxon village of Froddington (now Fratton) and Eastney.[1] In the post-1066 Norman era, Milton was known as Middleton.[2] It is likely that Middleton's name has been verbally contracted by local dialects to "Milton" over centuries.

Milton was originally a small village on Portsea Island, surrounded by arable and garden farmland until it was swallowed up by the eastward expansion of Portsmouth in the early 20th century.

Politically, Milton is represented as Milton Ward in Portsmouth City Council. Milton Ward is part of the Portsmouth South UK Parliament Constituency.[3] The population of the Milton Ward of Portsmouth at the 2011 Census was 14,111.[4]

History[edit]

A map of Milton in 1833, featuring the route of the Portsmouth and Arundel Canal
Portsmouth FC's Fratton Park stadium in Frogmore Road, Milton, Portsmouth

On the south eastern side of Portsea Island, Milton still retains somewhat of a village ambience and can boast two large public parks; Milton Park and Bransbury Park, both of which were former farms. Milton was originally a small village, surrounded by arable and market garden farmland until it was swallowed up by the expansion of Portsmouth across Portsea Island in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A canal was built through Milton in the early 19th century, forming part of the Portsmouth and Arundel Canal.

Today's Milton Park now occupies farmland previously known as Purnell Farm, which became part of the Milton Farm estate owned by the Goldsmith family in 1808. Purnell Farm was then later renamed Middle Farm by the Goldsmith's.[5] In 1911, James Goldsmith died and his Milton Farm estate was split up. The Corporation of Portsmouth bought Middle Farm on 28 May 1912,[6] to reopen it as Milton Park on 11 July 1923.[1][6] Some members of the Goldsmith family are buried just across the road from Milton Park in St James churchyard on Milton Road. One of the original Middle Farm buildings remains; the thatched barn, which has been extended and is now the home of the Portsmouth Players amateur dramatic society.

Milton Locks, in the far east of Milton at the end of the eponymous Locksway Road, is located at the Langstone Harbour entrance of the abandoned Portsmouth and Arundel Canal which began operations in 1822. Little now remains of the old lock gates, wooden as they were, although the infrastructure is still evident. There are several pubs located along the former canal path, partly delineating its route towards Landport where it ended at the eponymously named Arundel Street. Traces of the canal survive further into central Portsmouth, as the railway line from Fratton to Portsmouth and Southsea railway station, runs along the earlier canal bed. This can be most easily seen from a street called Canal Walk, just off Fratton Bridge.

Part of the former Portsmouth and Arundel Canal was located directly south of Middle Farm (later Milton Park) which was built across Portsea Island to Landport. When the canal closed in the middle of the nineteenth century, the section in Milton was filled in to form a new main road along the route of the canal, and was named Goldsmith Avenue after the local land owning Goldsmith family.

Bransbury Park was previously Bransbury Farm up to 1911,[7] part of the Goldsmith's estate until it was purchased by Portsmouth council. Bransbury Farm and surrounding marshland at Eastney were drained and combined to form Bransbury Park.[1] Presently, Bransbury Park offers squash and netball courts as well as several football pitches for local Sunday League clubs and schools football. There is also a permanent miniature railway track located in the centre of Bransbury Park run by Portsmouth Model Engineering Society members. In more recent years, a small skatepark has been erected at the eastern end of Bransbury Park.

The parade of shops in Eastney Road opposite Bransbury Park is popularly known as "Milton Market"; the local sub-post office's name is also officially "Milton Market". A traditional family-owned confectionery shop named "Gilbert's" has been trading in Milton Market since it first opened over a century ago.[8]

St James' Hospital, an institution for the treatment of mental health, first opened in 1879 on what was then called Asylum Road, now named Locksway Road. Until the 1960s, St James' Hospital possessed a small Home Farm, with orchards, cornfields and a piggery. Nowadays largely built on and with the former cornfields now occupied by the Langstone Campus of the University of Portsmouth, the remaining hospital grounds are still quite extensive and include a cricket field complete with clubhouse. Another part of the grounds has been secured as a third public park for the area, St James' Green, on which community events are held and further features such as a children's Nature Trail are to be incorporated.

In 1884, an infectious diseases hospital named Priorsdean opened near the village. Priorsdean later became part of St Mary's Hospital, one of the city's main hospitals which opened at Milton in 1898. In the late 1990s, the eastern section of St Mary's Hospital (which incorporated Priorsdean) was redeveloped and became Miltoncross Academy school and a small housing development. In the early 2000s, the majority of the remaining St Mary's Hospital site was also redeveloped into housing, with many of St Mary's hospital services transferring to Queen Alexandra Hospital in Cosham, Portsmouth. St Mary's Hospital continues today as the St Mary's NHS Treatment Centre, which has a minor injuries and illnesses unit.

In the autumn of 1898, Sir John Brickwood, owner of the Portsmouth-based Brickwood Brewery, and five fellow directors of the "Portsmouth Football & Athletic Company" (now Portsmouth F.C.) purchased a potato field, measuring four-and-a-half acres from Milton Farm, owned by the Goldsmith farming family. During 1899, the early Portsmouth Football Club built their modest football ground and curiously named it Fratton Park, despite the stadium's true location in Milton, not Fratton. The "Fratton Park" name was chosen to persuade potential new supporters that the new "Fratton Park" football ground (in Milton) was nearer to Fratton railway station (in Fratton) than its actual walking distance of one mile. Fratton Park was completed and first opened to the public on 15 August 1899. The eastern 'end' of Fratton Park became known as 'The Milton End', named after the Milton village in which Fratton Park is actually built.

Today, some modern-day Portsmouth F.C. supporters erroneously believe that Fratton Park is in Portsmouth's Fratton area, literally because of the stadium's name and also lacking the correct facts of Milton's long history. A political map of Portsmouth clearly defines the border between the Fratton and Milton areas with a line drawn from Fratton Bridge, along the Portsmouth Direct line railway up to St. Mary's Bridge. Fratton is located north of the line with Milton to the south. Fratton Park is south of the railway line, and thus is in Milton. This fact can also be proven further as Fratton Park has a Milton based PO4 8RA postal code address (Fratton and Portsmouth city centre has a "PO1" postal code). A further fact is that Fratton Park lies within the Milton Ward electoral district for Portsmouth City Council and national level parliamentary elections.

On the eastern edge of Portsea Island bordering Langstone Harbour, is an area now known as Milton Common, formerly a tidal inlet known as Milton Lake (and even earlier, "Felder Lake" from which the current Velder Avenue's name is derived). Milton Common is reclaimed land, formed between 1962 and 1970 when a chalk and clay bund was built across the mouth of the lake and the confined area was progressively drained and in-filled with domestic refuse and other waste. This was later capped and grassed over to form Milton Common. The perimeter of the former Milton Lake can still be traced on a modern map, as the A2030 Eastern Road borders it to the north and Moorings Way road to the south. Milton Common has an informal network of footpaths with the eastern footpath running alongside Langstone Harbour forming part of the Solent Way. There are three freshwater lakes; Frog Lake, Duck Lake and Swan Lake, home to many aquatic and avian species. The land is still settling and the cavities of Milton Common make ideal homes for foxes and other wildlife.

Moorings Way - the road bounding the southern edge of Milton Common - was so called because of the large number of houseboats that were moored alongside the edge of the former Milton Lake. Many people displaced in the 1940s Blitz found refuge along the north shore of Eastney Lake and round into Milton Lake, almost a shanty town. Mostly consisting of makeshift houseboats, converted railway carriages and fisherman huts, many of these homes, lacking the basic amenities of electricity and plumbed water supplies, survived into the 1960s until they were cleared.

The number of local pubs in Milton continues to decline. In 2011, a pub named The Traveller's Joy, which had been on the same site since the early 1800s and featured on early maps of Milton village, was closed and was demolished. The Traveller's Joy was located near the junction of Milton Road and Priory Crescent, near to Milton Park and Fratton Park. A veterinary surgery and flats were built and opened on the site. Also in 2011, a well known public house located on the Y junction of Milton Road, Eastney Road and Goldsmith Avenue called The White House was closed. In 2013, The White House was demolished and replaced with a terrace of new family homes which was later opened and named as White House Terrace, with an appropriate white painted frontage. In 2017, only three pubs remained on Milton Road; Mr Pickwick, The Milton Arms and The Brewer’s Arms. The Brewer's Arms closed in the summer of 2017 and remains derelict, with plans to demolish the building to make way for flats. Mr Pickwick closed in early 2018 and is currently under development. IN 2019 a new micro pub called the brewers tap, owned by Southsea Brewery opened in Milton market.

Governance[edit]

Milton is a Portsmouth City Council ward within the Portsmouth South parliamentary constituency. It was formed for the 2002 Portsmouth City Council election as the successor of the pre-2002 Milton ward.

Election Councillor Councillor Councillor
2002 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Alexander Bentley (Lib Dem) Nigel Sizer (Lib Dem)
2003 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Alexander Bentley (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2004 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Alexander Bentley (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2006 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Alexander Bentley (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2007 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Alexander Bentley (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2008 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Sarah Dinenage (Con) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2010 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Sarah Dinenage (Con) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2011 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Sarah Dinenage (Con)[9] Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
Sarah Dinenage (Lib Dem)[9]
2012 Caroline Scott (Lib Dem) Will Purvis (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2014 Ben Dowling (Lib Dem) Will Purvis (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2015 Ben Dowling (Lib Dem) Will Purvis (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2016 Ben Dowling (Lib Dem) Will Purvis (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2018 Ben Dowling (Lib Dem) Will Purvis (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)
2019 Ben Dowling (Lib Dem) Will Purvis (Lib Dem) Gerald Vernon-Jackson (Lib Dem)

     indicates seat up for election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lambert, Tim. "A History of Milton, Portsmouth". localhistories.org. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  2. ^ "Old Hampshire Gazetteer, Milton, Portsmouth". Envf.port.ac.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  3. ^ Name (required). "Electoral areas in Portsmouth". Portsmouth.gov.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Portsmouth Ward population 2011". Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Milton Village". History In Portsmouth. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Milton Park, Portsmouth". Welcometoportsmouth.co.uk. 28 May 1912. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Bransbury Park, Portsmouth". Welcometoportsmouth.co.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Gilbert's - Confectioners, Eastney Road". Mentmore. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Portsmouth councillor Sarah Dinenage defects before stepping down - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2020.