Milton Abbas

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Milton Abbas
Milton Abbas 2015 (a).JPG
Milton Abbas
Milton Abbas is located in Dorset
Milton Abbas
Milton Abbas
Milton Abbas shown within Dorset
Population 755 
OS grid reference ST806018
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Dorset
50°48′55″N 2°16′34″W / 50.8152°N 2.2762°W / 50.8152; -2.2762Coordinates: 50°48′55″N 2°16′34″W / 50.8152°N 2.2762°W / 50.8152; -2.2762

Milton Abbas is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in South West England. It is in the North Dorset district, about 5 miles (8.0 km) south-west of Blandford Forum. In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 755. The village is sometimes considered the first planned settlement in England.

History[edit]

In 1780, Joseph Damer, Lord Milton, the first Earl of Dorchester and owner of Milton Abbey, decided that the adjacent market town, Middleton, was disturbing his vision of rural peace. He commissioned architect Sir William Chambers and landscape gardener Capability Brown (both of whom had already worked on the Abbey building and grounds) to design a new village, Milton Abbas, in a wooded valley (Luccombe Bottom) to the south-east of the Abbey. Most of the existing villagers were relocated here, and the previous village was demolished and the site landscaped.

The 36 almost identical thatched cottages were intended to house two families each. They were built from cob and previously were painted yellow, with each house fronted by a lawn; originally a horse chestnut tree was planted between each dwelling.[1] Almshouses and a church were also provided for the new village, sited opposite each other. The almshouses were moved from the old town, where they had originally been built in 1674. The church, consecrated in 1786, is in Georgian Gothic style, with late 19th-century additions.[1]

Some house-names give clues to some of the original inhabitants of the village: baker, blacksmith, brewery, etc. Today the houses are white-washed, and the main street also features a public house (the Hambro Arms), a Post Office/shop, a now redundant school building, and a Weslyan chapel. In 1953 the original horse chestnut trees were judged unsafe and a danger to the houses and removed.[1] Above the eastern end of the valley, the village has been extended with more modern housing and other facilities, including a doctor's surgery.

Geography[edit]

Measured directly, Milton Abbas village is about 5 miles (8.0 km) south-west of the market town Blandford Forum and 9.5 miles (15.3 km) north-east of the county town Dorchester. Milton Abbas civil parish extends from the village south to Bagber Farm, west to Bramblecombe Lane, north to Delcombe Head, and east to the top of Whatcombe Wood.[2]

Demography[edit]

In the 2011 census Milton Abbas civil parish had 263 dwellings,[3] 232 households and a population of 755.[4]

Culture and community[edit]

18th-century street fair[edit]

Every two years, villagers recreate their historic country fair to celebrate the rebuilding of the present village over 225 years ago. The fair attracts thousands of visitors and has become one of Dorset's key summer events. The main street is closed to traffic, and residents and stall holders dress in 18th-century costume. The day includes traditional music and dancing, local crafts people, stalls and demonstrations, a Dorset farmers' market, children's entertainment, Morris dancing, and local food and ale.

Notable buildings[edit]

Abbey Church of St Mary, St Sansom and St Bradwalader

Within Milton Abbas civil parish are 75 structures that are listed by Historic England for their historical or architectural interest; four structures are listed as Grade I, six are Grade II* and the rest are Grade II.[5] The Grade I structures are the Abbey Church of St Mary, St Sansom and St Bradwalader, the Chapel of St Catherine, Milton Abbey School, and The Abbot's Hall and kitchen at Milton Abbey. The Grade II* structures are the almshouses and reading room, Delcombe Manor, Garden Cottage at Delcombe Manor, the Parish Church of St James, The Old Rectory, and The Stone Lodge (including the gatehouse, gatepiers and gates).[5] In addition to the listed structures, 535 hectares (1,320 acres) of parkland around the abbey site are listed as Grade II* on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[6]

The Abbey Church dates mostly from the 14th century, with a 15th-century north transept and tower extension. It was restored in 1790 by James Wyatt and in 1865 by Sir George Gilbert Scott. It is described in its listing text as "a church of major importance".[7] The Chapel of St Catherine dates from the late 12th century and originally served the abbey. It has been changed little since its construction; during the 18th century the chancel walls were raised and the nave's west wall rebuilt, in 1901 it was restored, and about 1980 the stone slates on the north side of the roof were replaced with artificial stone.[8] Milton Abbey School, built in 1771–1776 as a country house, was designed by Sir William Chambers and James Wyatt in the early Gothic Revival style. It largely replaced the abbey's domestic buildings.[9] The abbot's hall and kitchen at Milton Abbey used to be the abbey's hall (built 1498) and dining room (17th century); they were incorporated into the country house (now Milton Abbey School) by Chambers and restored by Sir Gilbert Scott in the mid-19th century. A fire in 1956 destroyed internal features in the kitchen.[10]

Milton Manor, on the east side of the village, is listed as Grade II. It was originally built in the mid 19th century as a shooting lodge forming part of the Hambro Estate. It was enlarged in the early 20th century in the Arts and Crafts style.[11]

Education[edit]

The original abbey and House is now Milton Abbey School, a co-educational independent school, with around 250 pupils.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Roland Gant (1980). Dorset Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 86. ISBN 0 7091 8135 3. 
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey (2010), 1:25,000 Explorer Map, Sheet 117 (Cerne Abbas & Bere Regis), ISBN 978-0-319-24122-6
  3. ^ "Area: Milton Abbas (Parish). Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Area: Milton Abbas (Parish). Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Listed Buildings in Milton Abbas, Dorset, England". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. 
  6. ^ "Milton Abbey". Historic England. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "Abbey Church of St Mary, St Sansom and St Bradwalader". Historic England. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "Chapel of St Catherine". Historic England. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Milton Abbey School". Historic England. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "Abbot's Hall and Kitchen at Milton Abbey". Historic England. Retrieved 1 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "Milton Manor Hotel, Milton Abbas". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 

External links[edit]