Milton Gordon

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Milton Myron Gordon (born October 3, 1918) is an American sociologist. He is most noted for having devised a theory on the Seven Stages of Assimilation.[1] He was born in Gardiner, Maine.[2]

  1. Acculturation: newcomers adopt language, dress, and daily customs of the host society (including values and norms).
  2. Structural assimilation: large-scale entrance of minorities into cliques, clubs and institutions in the host society.
  3. Marital assimilation: widespread intermarriage.
  4. Identification assimilation: the minority feels bonded to the dominant culture.
  5. Attitude reception assimilation refers to the absence of prejudice .
  6. Behavior reception assimilation refers to the absence of discrimination.
  7. Civic assimilation occurs when there is an absence of values and power struggles.


  • Milton M. Gordon, ed. (1981). America as a multicultural society. Philadelphia : American Academy of Political and Social Science. 
  • Assimilation in American life: the role of race, religion, and national origins. New York, Oxford University Press. 1964. 
  • Human nature, class, and ethnicity. New York : Oxford University Press. 1978. 
  • The Scope of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press. 1988. 
  • Assimilation in Native and Immigrant groups, special editor, Andres Suarez, Seminar presented June 9, 2008, London, Ontario
  • Dimensions of Ethnic Assimilation: An Empirical Appraisal of Gordon's Typology Williams, J. Allen Jr. and Ortega, Suzanne T (1990). Social Science Quarterly, 71, 4, December 1990
  • Milton M. Gordon, The Concept of the Sub-Cultur and Its Application, „Social Forces” Vol. 26, No. 1 (Oct., 1947), pp. 40–42.

See also