Milton Island

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Milton Island
River Clyde near Milton Island
River Clyde near Milton Island
Location
Milton Island is located in West Dunbartonshire
Milton Island
Milton Island
Milton Island is located in Renfrewshire
Milton Island
Milton Island
Milton Island is located in Scotland
Milton Island
Milton Island
Relief maps of Milton Island
OS grid referenceNS 42651 73794
Coordinates55°55′53″N 4°31′13″W / 55.931381°N 4.5202637°W / 55.931381; -4.5202637
Physical geography
Island groupIslands of the River Clyde
Area1.852 acres in 1905
Highest elevation<3 metres (9.8 ft)
Administration
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Council areaDunbartonshire
Demographics
Population0
Lymphad3.svg

Milton Island or Green Inch[1] was an island in the Clyde's estuarine waters close to the old ford across the river at Dumbuck near Dumbarton.[2][3] The island was once part of the tidal ford supposedly built by the Romans. Industrial activity has changed the river currents and the island has become substantially reduced in size and split into islets.

Islands in the River Clyde[edit]

Islands of the River Clyde, rather than sand or mud banks only exposed at low water, once included in order, working upstream towards Glasgow :- Bodinbo, Newshot, Ron, Sand Inch, Kings Inch, Buck Inch, White Inch and Water Inch. Colin's Isle was located in the Cart Water near its confluence with the Clyde.

The name 'Inch' is Scots deriving from the Gaelic 'Innis', an island.[4]

Milton Island[edit]

view from Milton Island
Bollards on the River Clyde
The Dumbuck Perch.

Lying between Dumbarton and Dunglass Castle below Dumbuck Hill the island is recorded as 'Green Inch' on William Roy's map of 1747-55.[5] By 1821 the island is recorded as Millton Island, lying just off shore from the village of that name.[6]

The Ordnance Survey Name Book of 1860 records Milton Island as "An Island in the foreshore of the Clyde at Milton from which it is named. It is never covered at High Water above the H.W.M. [High Water Mark] shewn.".[7]

The old Esso terminal lying just upstream of Milton Island has had a significant effect on the patterns of erosion and deposition to the extent that the island is no longer a single island but of 2018 exists as three small grassy islets that lie within the larger boundary of the old island.[8]

The Dumbuck Perch (NS 4132 7385) stands nearby as a slightly elevated area strewn with stones.

Dumbuck Ford[edit]

Suggested remnants of the paved Roman ford looking towards Dumbuck Hill
Suggested remnants of the Roman paved ford
The Lang Dyke
The Lang Dyke (Erskine Bridge in background)

At low tide the River Clyde at Dumbuck could be forded and in Roman times to facilitate the crossing a 7m wide causeway was supposedly constructed running northwards from Longhaugh, curving through the river-dyke and passing as a low mound towards the beach. The causeway continued as with a cobbled surface atop a gravelly mound continuing towards the Long Dyke and the Longhaugh Light.[9] It then ran across Milton Island and went on to run through a field gate and on as a low mound to Dumbarton road. North of Dumbuck some road metalling was traced. On the south side of the river it is thought that the causeway continued towards Bishopton Fort.[10] The Romans required a link between their fort and the Antonine Wall that reached at least as far as Old Kilpatrick.

Although convenient as a means of crossing the river on foot and horseback, the shallowness of the estuary meant that larger ships could not reach Glasgow. This was the lowest fording point on the River Clyde; Glasgow was the lowest bridging point.

The Dumbuck Shoal or hirst presented a particular challenge to deepening the river channel. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries determined efforts were made to remove this gravelly sandbank but with little success. Jetties were built to encourage the water flow to scour the shoal, but again met with limited improvements in the channel's depth.[11] However, Dumbuck Shoal remained a problem -

"The first and grand obstacle is Dumbuck Ford (12 miles below Glasgow Bridge), where, the river dividing itself into two channels, the reflowing current is greatly weakened, and the bottom, being covered with a crust of hard gravel, cannot be worn down to the proper depth; but if a jetty were extended over the south channel, to confine the current, and the hard crust of gravel removed by dredging, the reflowing current would then act with greater force, and soon grind down a deep and capacious channel."[12]

The original 'Lang Dyke' was constructed in 1773, later using stone from the Rashielee Quarry near Park Quay, finally resulting in the loss of the Dumbuck Ford and a great improvement in the navigation to Glasgow.[13]

In Scots 'Buck' refers to a place where water gushes or pours forth whilst the 'Dum' refers to a fort as in Dumbarton.[14]

Archaeology[edit]

Dumbuck Crannog and Dumbuck Hill.

To the west of Milton Island lies the well known pre-Roman Dumbuck crannog-type structure. Excavations have revealed that the timber round house platform was built of layers of brushwood, earth and stone and brushwood held in place and strengthened by large wooden piles. A small log-boat dock still containing a log-boat was also found.[15]

In 1868 a oak dug-out canoe 22' (6.7m) in length and circa 2'10" (0.9m) was found near Milton Island containing deer horn, six stone axe heads and a possible paddle.[16]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "1747-55 - William ROY - Military Survey of Scotland". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  2. ^ John Moore (2017). The Clyde. Mapping the River. Brlinn. p. 197.
  3. ^ "Forestry Commission". Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Dictionary of Scots". Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  5. ^ "1747-55 - William ROY - Military Survey of Scotland". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Ainslie, John, 1745-1828. Ainslie's Map of the Southern Part of Scotland". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  7. ^ "1860 Ordnance Survey Name Book". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Geograph - Milton Island". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  9. ^ Rig, Lairich. "The Lang Dyke". Geograph. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Canmore - River Clyde, Dumbuck". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Geograph - The Lang Dyke". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  12. ^ "Minutes of Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers ...", Vol XXXVI, Session 1872-73, Part II. 1893. p. 124–126.
  13. ^ "Geograph. The Lang Dyke". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Dictionary of the Scots Language". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Canmore - Dumbuck Crannog". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  16. ^ "Canmore - Axeheads, Paddle, Logboat at Dumbuck". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
Sources