Milton Wainwright

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Milton Wainwright
Born (1950-02-23) 23 February 1950 (age 69)
ResidenceSheffield, South Yorkshire
Alma materUniversity of Nottingham
Known for"Alien Bugs", Neopanspermia
Scientific career
FieldsMicrobiology, Astrobiology

Milton Wainwright (born 23 February 1950) is a British microbiologist who is known for his research into what he claims could be extraterrestrial life found in the stratosphere.[1][2][3]


Wainwright graduated from the University of Nottingham in the field of botany. He obtained a PhD from the same university in the field of mycology. After he went to the National Research Council of Canada as postdoctoral fellow, where he obtained a qualification in environmental microbiology. After his postdoctoral fellowship, he went to work at the University of Sheffield.[4]


Wainwright's interests are in astrobiology and the history of science.[4] He claimed that the idea of natural selection is not original to Darwin's or Wallace's theory.[5] Also, he has claimed that the red rain in Kerala is a biological entity.[6] Wainwright has also written widely about the history of the discovery penicillin (including that Hitler’s life was saved by the drug) and streptomycin[7] and on the hypothesis that bacteria and other non-virus microbes cause cancer.[8]

Wainwright identifies as an agnostic.[9]


Milton Wainwright is author of the books Miracle Cure: The Story of Penicillin and the Golden Age of Antibiotics (1990) and An introduction to environmental biotechnology (2011).[10][11]

Honours and awards[edit]


  • Wainwright, M., Al Harbi, S. and Wickramasinghe, N.C. (2006). How do microorganisms reach the stratosphere? International Journal of Astrobiology 5,13–15.[12]
  • Shivaji, S., Chaturvedi, P., Kuresh, K., Redy, C.B.S., Wainwright, M. et al. (2006). Bacillus aerius sp. nov. isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 56,1465–1473.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2008). Some highlights in the history of mycology—a personal journey. Fungal Biology Reviews, 7, 2297–102.[4]
  • Wainwright, M., Leswd, A. and Alshammari, F. (2009). Bacteria in amber coal and clay in relation to lithopanspermia. International Journal of Astrobiology 8,141–143.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2010). The overlooked link between non-virus microbes and cancer. Science Progress 93, 393–40.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2002). Do fungi play a role in the aetiology of cancer? Reviews of Medical Microbiology 13, 1–6.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2006). The potential role of non-virus microorganisms in cancer. Current Trends in Microbiology 2, 48–59.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2010). The origin of species without Darwin and Wallace. Saudi J Biol Sci. 17, 187–204.
  • Wainwright, M. (2011). Charles Darwin mycologist and refuter of his own myth. Fungi 4, 12–20.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (1991). Streptomycin: discovery and resultant controversy. Journal of the History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 13, 97–124.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. and Swan, H.T. (1986). C.G. Paine and the earliest surviving clinical record of penicillin therapy. Medical History 30, 42–56.[4]

  • Notification: Dr.Wainwright has more than 100 different publications in several fields, that can be found through link below:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "'Alien Bugs' Discovered In Earth's Atmosphere". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  2. ^ "The truth IS out there (above Cheshire, that is): British scientists claim to have found proof of alien life - Science - News - The Independent". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  3. ^ "Astrobiologists Claim to Have Found Extraterrestrial Life Form in Earth's Stratosphere | Space Exploration |". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l University of Sheffield. "Milton Wainwright - Academic Staff - Molecular Biology and Biotechnology - The University of Sheffield". Archived from the original on 2018-01-31. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  5. ^ "wainwrightscience". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  6. ^ "It's raining aliens". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  7. ^ "Project MUSE - Hitler's Penicillin". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  8. ^ "Biochemical Society Essays in Biochemistry". Archived from the original on 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  9. ^ "Milton Wainwright". British Centre for Science Education.
  10. ^ Wainwright, M. (1990). Miracle Cure: The Story of Penicillin and the Golden Age of Antibiotics. Blackwell. ISBN 9780631164920. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  11. ^ "Books: An Introduction to Environmental Biotechnology (Hardcover) by Milton Wainwright (Author)". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  12. ^ "Cambridge Journals Online - International Journal of Astrobiology - Abstract - How do microorganisms reach the stratosphere?". Retrieved 2014-12-29.

External links[edit]