Milton Wright (bishop)
November 17, 1828|
Rushville, Rush County, Indiana
April 3, 1917 (aged 88)|
Oakwood, Montgomery County, Ohio
|Resting place||Woodland Cemetery and Arboretum, Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, U.S|
|Occupation||Bishop of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ|
|Known for||Father of the Wright Brothers; Founder of United Theological Seminary|
|Spouse(s)||Susan Catharine Wright|
Reuchlin Wright |
Dan Wright |
Catherine Wright née Reeder
Milton Wright (November 17, 1828 – April 3, 1917) was the father of aviation pioneers Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright, and a Bishop of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ. He had English and Dutch ancestry.
Family and ancestry
- Father: Dan Wright
- Mother: Catherine Wright née Reeder
- Spouse: Susan Catharine Wright née Koerner married 1859 (b. 1831, d. 4 July 1889)
- Reuchlin Wright (born 1861 near Fairmont, Indiana, died 1920 Kansas)
- Lorin Wright (born 1862 Orange Township, Indiana, died 1939)
- Wilbur Wright (born 16 April 1867 near Millville, Indiana, died 30 May 1912 Dayton, Ohio)
- Otis Wright (born 25 February 1870 Dayton, Ohio, died 9 March 1870 Dayton, Ohio)
- Ida Wright (born 25 February 1870 Dayton, Ohio, died 14 March 1870 Dayton, Ohio)
- Orville Wright (born 19 August 1871 Dayton, Ohio, died 30 January 1948 Dayton, Ohio)
- Katharine Wright (born 19 August 1874 Dayton, Ohio, died 3 March 1929 Kansas City)
Mother Catherine Reeder was the daughter of George Reeder and Margaret Van Cleve. Margaret Van Cleve one of the earliest women of European ancestry to settle in the Miami River basin. Margaret Van Cleve's father, John Van Cleve, was killed by natives in Cincinnati on June 1, 1791. The Van Cleve's were descendant from a Dutchman named John Van Cleve who settled in Long Island, New York in 1650, as well as John Vanderbilt, ancestor to Cornelius Vanderbilt. The Reeders were descendant from the Huguenot Gano family which settled in New Rochelle, New York.
Milton met Susan at Hartsville College in 1853, where he was appointed supervisor of the preparatory department and she was a literature student. After a long courtship, Milton asked Susan to marry him and accompany him on his assignment by the church to Oregon. She declined, but agreed to marry him when he returned. They married in 1859, when he was almost 31 and she was 28.
Both shared a love of learning for the sake of learning. Their home had two libraries — the first consisted of books on theology, the second was a large, varied collection. Looking back on his childhood, Orville once commented that he and his brother had
- "special advantages...we were lucky enough to grow up in a home environment where there was always much encouragement to children to pursue intellectual interests; to investigate whatever aroused their curiosity."
Susan and Milton had seven children. Four sons and one daughter survived past infancy. Their first son, Reuchlin, was born in a log cabin in 1861 near Fairmount, Indiana. The second son, Lorin, was born in 1862 in Orange Township, Fayette County, Indiana. Wilbur was born in 1867 near Millville, Indiana. In 1870 the fourth and fifth children, twins Otis and Ida, died soon after birth in Dayton, Ohio, where Orville was born in 1871 and Katharine, the only surviving daughter, was born in 1874.
None of the Wright children had middle names. Instead, their father tried hard to give them distinctive first names. Wilbur was named for Wilbur Fisk and Orville for Orville Dewey, both clergymen that Milton Wright admired. They were "Will" and "Orv" to their friends, and "Ullam" and "Bubs" to each other. In Dayton, their neighbors knew them simply as the "Bishop's kids."
Because of Milton's position in the church, the Wrights moved frequently — twelve times before finally returning permanently to Dayton in 1884.
Milton joined the Church of the United Brethren in Christ in 1846 because of its stand on political and moral issues including alcohol, the abolition of slavery, and opposition to "secret societies" such as Freemasonry.
Indiana and Oregon
From 1855 to 1856 he served as pastor of the Church of the United Brethren in Indianapolis. He was ordained in 1856 and was pastor in Andersonville, Indiana from 1856 to 1857. Later that year, he went to Oregon as a missionary and served as pastor at Sublimity and first president of Sublimity College, a denominational institution.
Wright returned from Sublimity in 1859 and was assigned by the church as a circuit preacher in eastern Indiana, where he served also served as presiding elder and pastor in Hartsville, Indiana. From 1868 to 1869 he was professor of theology at Hartsville College.
Ohio and Iowa
In 1869, Milton became editor of the national weekly church newspaper, the Religious Telescope, and moved to the newspaper's headquarters of Dayton, Ohio; with this new position, his income increased from $900 per year to $1500 per year. The position gave him prominence within the church and helped him get elected as a bishop in 1877.
In 1871 he founded United Theological Seminary in Dayton.
Bishop Wright continued to advance in the church hierarchy. In 1878, he assumed responsibility for the Western conferences of the church and moved his family to Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Westfield College in Illinois, gave him the degree of D.D. in 1878.
He traveled widely on church business, but always sent back many letters and often brought presents home. His gifts stimulated his children's curiosity and exposed them to a world beyond their immediate surroundings. Returning from one of his travels, he brought Wilbur and Orville a toy helicopter. The helicopter was made of bamboo, cork, paper and powered by rubber bands. When the first broke, the boys made several copies. The toy helicopter is responsible for triggering the Wright brothers interest in aviation.
Division in the church
By 1881, the leadership of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ was becoming more liberal. Milton Wright, a staunch conservative, failed to be re-elected to his Bishop's post. The Wrights moved to Richmond, Indiana, where Milton served a circuit preacher once again. He served as presiding elder in the White River conference from 1881 to 1885. He also founded a monthly religious newspaper, The Star, for fellow conservatives in 1883.
As the liberals in his church began to press for change, Milton Wright sensed there would be a showdown with the conservatives. Wanting to get back into the fray, he decided to move back to Dayton, the political center of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ, in 1884. It was the last time he would move his family. Wright was once more elected bishop in 1885. He was to spend the next four years serving the Pacific Coast district.
The anticipated showdown came in 1889. The church leadership wanted to give local conferences proportional representation at the General Conference, allow laymen to serve as delegates to General Conference, and allow United Brethren members to hold membership in secret societies. The procedure for amending the Constitution made amendments all but impossible, but the leadership made the changes anyway, saying they were necessary for the good of the church.
However, a minority refused to accept the changes, claiming they weren't valid since they weren't approved by the full membership. Wright was the only bishop to side with the minority. Wright and about 10,000 to 15,000 supporters left the meeting and reconvened at a new location. Contending that those supporting the changes had effectively seceded from the denomination, they declared themselves to be the true United Brethren Church. To distinguish themselves from the majority faction, the minority called itself the Church of the United Brethren in Christ (Old Constitution).
Wright became the new church's first bishop. Since they were in the minority, they had to rebuild from scratch; nearly all of the congregations who sided with the minority lost their property. Wright's sons Wilbur and Orville provided publishing services for the new organization until a publishing house could be established in Huntington, Indiana. Wright also provided valuable support to Huntington College (now Huntington University, established by the Old Constitution branch in 1897.
At the turn of the century, Wright was adamant about prosecuting the publishing house agent, Millard Keiter, who was accused of embezzling. Many members of the publishing board supported Keiter. Because of the controversy, Wright's home district, the White River Conference, voted to rescind his license as minister. The General Conference overruled the home conference in 1905, reinstating Wright. Keiter moved to Kentucky, where he was indicted for land fraud.
Milton Wright retired in 1905. He died in 1917.
- "Telegram from Orville Wright in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, to His Father Announcing Four Successful Flights, 1903 December 17". World Digital Library. 1903-12-17. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
- "The Wright Brothers". daytonhistorybooks.com. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- Milton Wright's Family Tree. Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park. National Park Service  Accessed September 21, 2017.
- Wright, Milton. The Reeder Family. THE MAKING OF A TOWNSHIP: Being an Account of the Early Settlement and Subsequent Development of FAIRMOUNT TOWNSHIP GRANT COUNTY, INDIANA 1829-1917, pages 223-227.
- "first-to-fly.com". first-to-fly.com. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- The Wright House website Wilbur and Orville Wright
- David McCullough. The Wright Brothers: The Dramatic Story-Behind-the-Story. Simon and Schuster, 2015.
- The Bishop’s Boys: The Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright excerpt
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