Milwaukee County, Wisconsin

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Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
Milwaukee County Courthouse.jpg
Milwaukee County Courthouse
Flag of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
Flag
Seal of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
Seal
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Milwaukee County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1835
Seat Milwaukee
Largest city Milwaukee
Area
 • Total 1,190 sq mi (3,082 km2)
 • Land 241 sq mi (624 km2)
 • Water 948 sq mi (2,455 km2), 80%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 956,406
 • Density 3,968/sq mi (1,532/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 4th, 5th, 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website county.milwaukee.gov

Milwaukee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 947,735 and was estimated to be 956,406 in 2014.[1] It is the most populous county in Wisconsin and the 45th most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Milwaukee,[2] which is also the most populous city in the state. The county was created in 1834 as part of Michigan Territory and organized the following year.[3]

Milwaukee County is included in the Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Portions of what is now Milwaukee County are known to have been inhabited by a number of Native American tribes, including the Sauk, Meskwaki or "Fox", Menomonee, Ojibwe and Potawotami, with elements of other tribes attested as well.[4]

In 1818, when the land later to be Wisconsin was made part of Michigan Territory, territorial governor Lewis Cass created Brown County, which at that time included all the land now part of Milwaukee County. It remained a part of Brown county until 1834, when Milwaukee County was created, including the area south of the line between townships eleven and twelve north (i.e., the northern boundary of Washington and Ozaukee counties), west of Lake Michigan, north of Illinois, and east of the line which now separates Green and Rock counties. This territory encompassed all of what are now Milwaukee, Jefferson, Kenosha, Ozaukee, Racine, Rock, Walworth, Washington, and Waukesha counties, as well as large parts of the present-day Columbia, Dane and Dodge counties.

Milwaukee County remained attached to Brown County for judicial purposes until Aug. 25, 1835, when an act was passed by the Michigan territorial legislature giving it an independent organization. In 1836, the legislature divided the area south and east of the Wisconsin and Fox rivers into counties, as a consequence reducing Milwaukee County's extent to what is now Milwaukee and Waukesha counties. In 1846 Waukesha County was created by taking from Milwaukee all of the territory west of range 21, reducing Milwaukee County to its present boundaries.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,190 square miles (3,100 km2), of which 241 square miles (620 km2) is land and 948 square miles (2,460 km2) (80%) is water.[6] It is the third-smallest county in Wisconsin by land area. It is watered by the Milwaukee, Menominee, and Root Rivers. The surface is undulating, and the soil calcareous and fertile.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Milwaukee County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 31,077
1860 62,518 101.2%
1870 89,930 43.8%
1880 138,537 54.0%
1890 236,101 70.4%
1900 330,017 39.8%
1910 433,187 31.3%
1920 539,449 24.5%
1930 725,263 34.4%
1940 766,885 5.7%
1950 871,047 13.6%
1960 1,036,041 18.9%
1970 1,054,063 1.7%
1980 964,988 −8.5%
1990 959,275 −0.6%
2000 940,164 −2.0%
2010 947,735 0.8%
Est. 2015 957,735 [8] 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2014[1]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census,[13] there were 947,735 people, 383,591 households, and 221,019 families residing in the county. The population density was 3,932 people per square mile (1,528/km²). There were 418,053 housing units at an average density of 1,734 per square mile (674/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 60.6% White, 26.8% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 3.4% Asian, 0.003% Pacific Islander, 5.4% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. 13.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 383,591 households, of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the age distribution was spread out, with 24.9% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[13] there were 940,164 people, 377,729 households and 225,126 families resided in the county. The population density was 3,931 people per square mile (1,503/km²). There were 400,093 housing units at an average density of 1,656 per square mile (640/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.6% White, 24.6% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 8.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.0% were of German, 10.9% Polish and 5.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 377,729 households, of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the age distribution was spread out, with 26.4% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

In 2000, the county was the center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the residential pattern of Blacks versus Whites was the most segregated in the country.[14]

Government[edit]

Milwaukee County is governed through an eighteen-member Board of Supervisors and by an elected county executive. County supervisors, the county executive, and the county comptroller run in nonpartisan elections while other countywide officials, such as the district attorney and sheriff, run in partisan elections.

Current officials[edit]

Politics[edit]

Milwaukee County is a Democratic stronghold, having voted for the Democratic presidential nominee since 1960.

However, there have been some notable exceptions. Current County Sheriff David Clarke, while elected as a Democrat, was initially appointed by a Republican governor and has espoused politically conservative positions. Former County Executive Scott Walker was a Republican member of the Wisconsin State Assembly before being elected county executive in a 2002 special election and reelected in 2004 and 2008. Also, former Governor Tommy Thompson, a Republican, won Milwaukee County in his 1994 and 1998 reelection campaigns, though those victories marked the last time Milwaukee County supported a Republican candidate in a statewide race.

Transportation[edit]

Bus service in Milwaukee County is provided by the Milwaukee County Transit System, which operates 469 New Flyer and 5 Gillig Low Floor buses on 56 routes.

Airports[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Communities[edit]

Milwaukee, Wisconsin's largest city

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Former towns/neighborhoods[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  4. ^ Watrous, Jerome A. (ed.). Memoirs of Milwaukee County from the Earliest Historical Times Down to the Present. Madison, Wis.: Western Historical Association, 1909. Vol. 1; Vol. 2, pp. 28-37.
  5. ^ Watrous, Jerome A. (ed.). Memoirs of Milwaukee County from the Earliest Historical Times Down to the Present. Madison, Wis.: Western Historical Association, 1909. Vol. 1; Vol. 2, pp. 45-46.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  7. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Milwaukee, a S. E. county of Wisconsin". The American Cyclopædia. 
  8. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°00′00″N 87°58′02″W / 43.00°N 87.96713°W / 43.00; -87.96713