The Milwaukee River is a river in the state of Wisconsin. It is about 104 miles (167 km) long. Once a locus of industry, the river is now the center of a housing boom. New condos now crowd the downtown and harbor districts of Milwaukee attracting young professionals to the area. The river is also ribboned with parks as it winds through various neighborhoods. Kayaks and fishing boats share the river with party boats. An extensive Riverwalk featuring art displays, boat launches and restaurants lines its banks in downtown Milwaukee.
The river begins in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin and flows south past Grafton to downtown Milwaukee, where it empties into Lake Michigan. Cedar Creek, the Menomonee River and the Kinnickinnic River are the three main tributaries.
The Milwaukee River area was populated by Native Americans in the time before European settlement. Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet navigated from Lake Michigan through the Milwaukee River on their way to the Fox River and the Mississippi. Previously (circa 1834-35) the river had been known as the "Maynawalky," while the present-day Menomonee River was known as the "Milwalky."
In the early 19th century, three towns were formed across the banks of the Milwaukee and Kinnickinnic rivers: Juneautown by Solomon Juneau, Walker's Point by George H. Walker and Kilbourntown by Byron Kilbourn. The quarrel over the formation of a bridge across the Milwaukee River was a key point in the merging of the three towns into the city of Milwaukee in 1846.
The Milwaukee River has numerous movable bridges spanning it, allowing for pedestrian and vehicular traffic. These bridges include several different types, including bascule and hydraulically-powered table bridges. There are also many fixed bridges, as well as several pedestrian-only and railroad trestles.
The following is a partial list of bridges that cross the river, from north to south:
- Brown Deer Road Bridge
- Range Line Road Bridge
- Good Hope Road Bridge
- Green Tree Road Bridge
- Bender Road Bridge
- Silver Spring Drive Bridge
- Hampton Avenue Bridge
- I-43 Bridge
- Port Washington Road Bridge
- Capitol Drive Bridge
- Locust Street Bridge
- North Avenue Bridge (Milwaukee)|North Avenue Bridge
- North-Humboldt Pedestrian Bridge
- Humboldt Street Bridge
- Holton Street Viaduct (1926)
- Pleasant Street Bridge
- Cherry Street Bridge
- McKinley Avenue Bridge aka Knapp Street Bridge
- Juneau Avenue Bridge
- Highland Avenue Pedestrian Bridge
- State Street Bridge (Milwaukee)|State Street Bridge
- Kilbourn Avenue Bridge
- Wells Street Bridge (Milwaukee)|Wells Street Bridge
- Wisconsin Avenue Bridge
- Michigan Street Bridge
- Clybourn Street Bridge
- I-794 Bridge
- Saint Paul Avenue Bridge
- Water Street Bridge
- Broadway Bridge aka Milwaukee Street Bridge
- Hoan Bridge
- north of Bender Road
- south of Silver Spring Drive
- Railroad Swing Bridge #1556 (1915)
There are several parks on the banks of the Milwaukee River. These include Gordon, Kern, Lincoln, Pere Marquette, Pleasant Valley, and Riverside Parks in Milwaukee, Kletzsch Park in Glendale, as well as Hubbard Park and Estabrook Park in Shorewood.
- U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, accessed May 19, 2011
- Google Books: An Accompaniment to Mitchell's Reference and Distance Map of the United States; Containing an Index of All the Counties, Districts, Townships, Towns, &c., In the Union; Together With an Index of the Rivers; By Which Any County, District, Township, &c. or River, May Be Found on the Map, Without Difficulty , Samuel Augustus Mitchell, 1834, Mitchell & Hinman Publishers. Accessed September 19th, 2019.
- The Tourist's Pocket Map Of Michigan Exhibiting Its Internal Improvements Roads Distances &c. by J.H. Young. Philadelphia: Published By S. Augustus Mitchell. 1835. Sold By Mitchell & Hinman No. 6 North Fifth Street. Entered ... 1834 by S. Augustus Mitchell ... Pennsylvania. Engraved by J.H. Young. 
- "Final Designation Study Report" (Spring 2005). Milwaukee Department of City Development.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Milwaukee River.|
- Milwaukee River Advocates
- Milwaukee River Basin – Wisconsin DNR
- Milwaukee Green Map: Watersheds
- Milwaukee River Preservation Association
- Milwaukee Riverkeeper
- River Revitalization Foundation
- Milwaukee River Basin Partnership
- Milwaukee Estuary Area of Concern
- History of Port of Milwaukee
- Milwaukee River Greenway Coalition