Erythranthe alsinoides

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Erythranthe alsinoides
Mimulus alsinoides 2411.JPG
Mimulus alsinoides in John B. Yeon State Scenic Corridor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Phrymaceae
Genus: Erythranthe
Species: E. alsinoides
Binomial name
Erythranthe alsinoides
Dougl. ex Benth.

Erythranthe alsinoides is a species of monkeyflower known by the common names wingstem monkeyflower and chickweed monkeyflower. It was formerly known as Mimulus alsinoides.[1][2][3][4][5]


It is native to western North America from British Columbia to the Klamath Mountains of far northern California, where it grows in moist and wet wooded habitat, such as moss beds and rocky streambanks.[6][7]


Erythranthe alsinoides is an annual herb producing an erect stem up to about 15 centimeters tall. The oval green to red-tinged leaves are slightly to obviously toothed. Less than 2 centimeters long with 3 to 5 prominent veins on the upper surface, they are oppositely arranged about the small stem.[8][1][9]

Each flower arises on an erect reddish pedicel. The base of the flower is surrounded by a slightly hairy red calyx of sepals. The yellow corolla of the flower has two lobes on its upper lip and three on its lower. The lower lip has a large red spot and there are usually other red marks in the corolla. The fruit is a small capsule.


  1. ^ a b Giblin, David (Editor) (2015). "Erythranthe alsinoides". WTU Herbarium Image Collection. Burke Museum, University of Washington. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  2. ^ Barker, W.R.; Nesom, G.L.; Beardsley, P.M.; Fraga, N.S. (2012), "A taxonomic conspectus of Phrymaceae: A narrowed circumscriptions for Mimulus, new and resurrected genera, and new names and combinations" (PDF), Phytoneuron, 2012-39: 1–60 
  3. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Yen, Alan; Olmstead, R. G. (2003). "AFLP Phylogeny of Mimulus Section Erythranthe and the Evolution of Hummingbird Pollination". Evolution. 57 (6): 1397–1410. JSTOR 3448862. 
  4. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Olmstead, R. G. (2002). "Redefining Phrymaceae: the placement of Mimulus, tribe Mimuleae, and Phryma". American Journal of Botany. 89 (7): 1093–1102. doi:10.3732/ajb.89.7.1093. JSTOR 4122195. 
  5. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Schoenig, Steve E.; Whittall, Justen B.; Olmstead, Richard G. (2004). "Patterns of Evolution in Western North American Mimulus (Phrymaceae)". American Journal of Botany. 91 (3): 474–4890. JSTOR 4123743. 
  6. ^ Sullivan, Steven. K. (2015). "Mimulus alsinoides". Wildflower Search. Retrieved 2015-02-07. 
  7. ^ "Mimulus alsinoides". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture; Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-07. 
  8. ^ Klinkenberg, Brian (Editor) (2014). "Mimulus alsinoides". E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia []. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Retrieved 2015-02-07. 
  9. ^ "Mimulus alsinoides". Jepson eFlora: Taxon page. Jepson Herbarium; University of California, Berkeley. 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-07. 

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