Erythranthe rubella

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Erythranthe rubella
Mimulus rubellus 1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Phrymaceae
Genus: Erythranthe
Species: E. rubella
Binomial name
Erythranthe rubella

Erythranthe rubella is a species of monkeyflower known by the common name little redstem monkeyflower. It was formerly known as Mimulus rubellus.[1][2][3][4]


It is native to western North America, including the southwestern United States to Wyoming and Texas, and into Baja California.


Erythranthe rubellus is an annual herb growing 2 to 32 centimeters tall with a very slender, red stem. The oppositely arranged oval leaves are up to 3 centimeters long and lance-shaped to oval, the lower ones borne on short petioles. The herbage is usually lightly hairy and green to reddish in color.

The petite tubular flower is no more than a centimeter long, the base of its tube encapsulated in a narrow, ribbed calyx of sepals. The flower may be yellow or pink in color and the mouth of the flower is usually dotted with red or purple.


  1. ^ Barker, W.R.; Nesom, G.L.; Beardsley, P.M.; Fraga, N.S. (2012), "A taxonomic conspectus of Phrymaceae: A narrowed circumscriptions for Mimulus, new and resurrected genera, and new names and combinations" (PDF), Phytoneuron, 2012-39: 1–60 
  2. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Yen, Alan; Olmstead, R. G. (2003). "AFLP Phylogeny of Mimulus Section Erythranthe and the Evolution of Hummingbird Pollination". Evolution. 57 (6): 1397–1410. JSTOR 3448862. 
  3. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Olmstead, R. G. (2002). "Redefining Phrymaceae: the placement of Mimulus, tribe Mimuleae, and Phryma". American Journal of Botany. 89 (7): 1093–1102. doi:10.3732/ajb.89.7.1093. JSTOR 4122195. 
  4. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Schoenig, Steve E.; Whittall, Justen B.; Olmstead, Richard G. (2004). "Patterns of Evolution in Western North American Mimulus (Phrymaceae)". American Journal of Botany. 91 (3): 474–4890. JSTOR 4123743. 

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